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Everything posted by jimmydasaint

  1. Good find beecee. This article seems to be crossing the abiogenesis -biogenesis divide. Just a couple of questions. 1. Which organelles form this way in a cell which is approximately 90 percent water? 2. Presumably these experiments use pure reactants. Have they extended a similar model towards a "noisy" cell environment? I don't have time to read the whole article but presume you have mate. Cheers
  2. Sorry to wreck your party but your Speculations belong in the dedicated thread. At least please look up your topic on Wikipedia before posting. Good luck with the answers.
  3. I hope and pray you will get better mate. And that the pain decreases to a tolerable and controllable level so that you can think clearly again. I look forward to your posts. I find heavy rock music to be cathartic when in pain....

    1. Moontanman


      I've been about to drive my neighbors crazy with rock music, Thanks for the good wishes i do appreciate them. No one who hasn't been through this can understand waking up beside the love of your life and she's dead.

  4. Great find Hans. The microbiome of communities of bacteria in the gut are so important as indicators of health and sources of future preventive medical strategies. A pity it did not get more hits. The study you included is fascinating and I hope the FMT had a long-lasting and not a transient effect.
  5. I would prepare for any instability to society or the food supply by: a) accumulating dried foods that could last for 6 months b) buying solar lamps that could give up to 10 hours of light after being charged by sunlight c) buying batteries and torches that can be charged by induction d) buying toilet paper - a clean bottom is a prerequisite to face any social disorder (also clean underwear in case you are asked to undress at the doctors )
  6. I am not an economist or politician. However, I am hearing rumours of a world economic crash, possibly in the next year, that will rival the 1929 economic disaster. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kBpL2WwGiw4 Harry Dent: Stock Market 40% Crash in April, Nothing Can Save You, Bitcoin to Zero, Gold to $1000 - YouTube We, the public, should be able to analyse and assess how economic changes can influence all aspects of life including political manifestations as well as sociogeopolitical responses by a concerned public (e.g. me) Do others see stability, limited instability or widespread instability?
  7. Wow. This is fascinating. Just out of interest please, where is oxygen formed? Also, does the hypothesis propose if the protein can actually be biochemically active? Good find!
  8. They are referred to as mucilaginous and it is possible that few scientists have fully analysed the sacs. Link Certainly, there are a number of beneficial substances including vitamins and minerals: Paper If you cross-reference the paper, you may find out the information you need.
  9. How typical is this of other hunter-gatherer societies. If a tribal war took place which eliminated the males from a tribe, perhaps the remainder of the women were forced to feed their children by becoming hunters.
  10. I seem to remember something about postviral syndrome, which is prevalent, in a minority of people who have had viral diseases as related here: Despite the word “fatigue”, the symptoms can be broader and more debilitating than simple tiredness. They can include a sore throat, aches and pains across the body, blood pressure changes, gastric upsets such as irritable bowel syndrome, headaches, sleep disturbance, depression, and dizziness. More severe neurological symptoms can also occur, including new sensitivities or allergic reactions, and burning or prickling sensations in the limbs. Many COVID-19 patients, for example, report a prolonged loss of smell and taste. Link
  11. I remember our Primary School teacher telling us that we needed basic English and Maths so that we could get jobs in factories. My response was to do anything to prove her wrong. Most of my colleagues accepted her view without comment. I feel terrible when teachers say this stuff to people. As a teacher (now out of retirement) in my whole teaching career of 22 years, I have never told a child they could not do something. I have always stressed that they could do anything that they set their mind towards. I apologise on behalf of teachers. Sorry about your friend's son, that appears to be a mindset. However, a person has only failed when they admit it to themselves, in my opinion. I have taught in an area which can be described as an equivalent of the projects, and the mindset of a significant minority of students was exactly the same as the one that I viewed as a child. I take your point about generalisations and I did mention that doctors and other professionals came out of the same tough environments. It would appear that the successful minority of people have a different mindset and that mindset is maintained despite external circumstances. So, in my opinion, the rest of the people who are stuck in the ghetto have a mentality that is a story that they relate to themselves to keep them stuck in their circumstances. I have read your reply and the link. I take the point, underfunding and racism do contribute to negative attitudes. I also take the point that ghettoes exist in geographical location from deliberate Governmental legislation and decades of maladministration, and that other people have a mentality of what is expected from ghettoes. Despite those points, I can state that I am working with a teacher who was educated at primary level under a tree. Under a bloody tree! Yet she showed an aspirational mindset and is now the best Science teacher in my school, by some margin. The keyword in my opinion is aspiration. It was aspiration that took me out of Glasgow, took you out of Edinburgh and took that teacher out of a small village in Pakistan. Aspirational mindset disregards environment, in my opinion, regardless of what racists and class supremacists do in any part of the world. A person fails and stays in a stagnant situation when they relate the story of their failure to themselves. It normally starts when they blame others for all their problems...
  12. Redlining and greenlining. Please explain. I grew up in what could be termed a ghetto or "hood" environment in Glasgow. I don't know what your background was, but we were all poor. The poverty was just a temporary shortage of funding as I understood when we grew up. Doctors, PhD's and scholars came out of that environment, yet a large portion of the people believe in the hype of the ghetto and what it is meant to represent - trying a little bit, failing and then giving up. That archetype is what dominates ghetto environments . The way out is to sell drugs and get rich quick, or die trying. The criminals offer young children a different role model of easy acquisition of wealth to surround oneself with wealth. This is an erroneous and dangerous mindset and philosophy passed on from father to son in my opinion. Please do elaborate on redlining and greenlining....
  13. Akala the rapper clearly states that the ghetto or the "hood" is in the minds of the people who live in these areas and that it is more a state of mind in rich Western countries than a reality. I agree with him. What do you guys think?
  14. I am joining this vigorous debate quite late so I just wish to make one point. If micro-organisms are synthesising the phosphine and then undergoing replication exponentially before reaching a stationary phase and remaining in that phase where number of deaths = number of new bacteria then the levels of phosphine would be fairly constant throughout the year, I would imagine. However, if chemical substrates such as phosphine precursors were variable then a prolonged, year-long examination of phosphine amounts should show variation. In the same way, our atmospheric carbon dioxide levels vary according to the raw materials for synthesis of carbohydrates by algae and land-based plants; we tend to see a decreased atmospheric concentration in the summer when ambient conditions of raw materials and substrates are at their highest. Of course I am just speculating but are there seasonal variations in atmospheric gas content on Mars?
  15. Hey mate, 

    Have you tried using bone conducting headphones?

    When you are out on your bike, you can hear the music and listen out for traffic as well. 

    I bought a set, but the volume is not great. However, they work.

    1. StringJunky


      Cheers Jimmy, I'll have a gander. :)

  16. Cheers StringyJunky, hope you are well mate. Have tried the BB code thing but it failed miserably. Hey there mate, I just cut and pasted the entire youtube link into the post and got this great track:
  17. I have been off the Forum for a while, writing up my book in the summer and also now starting a full time teaching role since the start of September. As a consequence I have forgotten how to embed videos and images. Can one of the Mods or a kindly member reiterate in a step by step guide that can be followed by a simple-minded individual like myself? Cheers
  18. Recent research seems to indicate information as follows : https://earthsky.org/earth/earth-ancient-atmosphere-carbon-dioxide-nitrogen-meteorites What puzzles me particularly is the question of how long oxygen has been in the atmosphere and its location. If the early Earth's atmosphere had carbon dioxide, where did the oxygen come from? Also, I assume that the atmosphere later on was also dominated by water vapour. Where did the oxygen come from that reacted with the water? I would appreciate any answer that enables me to learn more about this theoretical topic in an Earth very different to what we have had recently.
  19. That was the main point I tried to posit, suing the Singapore model from the Lancet. Hope you and yours are OK iNow.
  20. You are right that I should have taken a larger number of years for the average. I considered a short term trend in numbers of deaths. Accumulated age is a large risk factor, I agree. IMHO, fear is being created (perhaps rightly so, but I am not a social scientist) by broadcasting cumulative numbers of COVID-19 attributable deaths but we should have a news item which says something along the lines of: "The cumulative total of COVID-19 deaths in the UK has now reached 4313 tragic deaths, in relation to the total number of deaths for March 2020 which was (estimated) at 47, 413 from all causes...." IMO this would make people fearful, but careful, and not just fearful and ignorant. As far as the point about widespread testing, how can the Government talk about disease spread accurately without numbers? The Prime Minister's speech with his two medical advisers was almost all guesswork. Educated guesswork but all guesswork because there was not enough testing throughout the population to predict a rate of spread of the viral infection. Even now the percentages are based, for the most part, on patients who have reported in to hospital and have been then tested for coronavirus. The Government are publishing COVID-19 figures in relation to the total, including the virus (IIRC). You are absolutely correct with the scenario you presented. I think that hospitals are being overloaded and there is a possibility of increasing mortality from other causes. Agreed! However, all I am looking for is a month to month comparison (whilst taking in the points you made) to give me a reference point as a citizen. In January, we are in the height of winter, and if you look at the number of deaths from respiratory diseases in winter, it is quite high. However, I did not check the numbers of people who had respiratory diseases in January in previous years. I thin COVI-19 is a problem for people of a certain age group (60 and above) or for those individuals who have underlying health conditions. SARS is a nasty virus which can flatten a person with underlying health conditions. However, yes, you are correct, the National Health Service are overwhelmed and so people who have different life-threatening conditions may have less priority, than those with suspected, or actual COVID--19,. I cannot disagree with you on most points. However as far as the death statistics, and we must remember that these are human tragedies and not just numbers, The Lancet published a model which was based on flu infection and for Singapore, but had important implications for the UK. The Lancet 23 Mar 2020 I am quoting the effects of self-isolation and lockdown in their article, assuming R0 (reproductive rate of viral spread, I assume) reducing daily numbers by 93%: (the emphasis in the last sentence of the quote is my own). For a more serious scenario, wit R0=2.5, the following conclusions are reached by th emodellers:
  21. I am putting this topic here as it does not fit anywhere else. I have been puzzled over the few weeks, as a concerned citizen, why the number of deaths by COVID were not given as a proportion of total deaths. I went to the Official Government website Gov.UK and downloaded figures to compare the number of deaths attributed to coronavirus in relation to normal deaths for this period. This is not something, in the UK, that is mentioned by news outlets very often. Sky News can be renamed as Coronavirus Updates now because they have gone into the reporting of this awful viral infection 24/7. I wanted to check out relative figures of coronavirus infection in relation to total numbers of deaths from all causes at this time of year. After downloading the Excel files from the Government website, I got the following figures: Total number of deaths from all causes in 2018 in England and Wales Jan-18 Feb-18 Mar-18 Apr-18 May-18 Jun-18 Jul-18 Aug-18 Sep-18 Oct-18 Nov-18 Dec-18 64,020 49,087 51,131 46,383 42,685 39,679 40,621 40,071 37,013 44,311 43,834 41,430 Total number of deaths from all causes in 2019 in England and Wales Jan-19 Feb-19 Mar-19 Apr-19 May-19 Jun-19 Jul-19 Aug-19 Sep-19 Oct-19 Nov-19 Dec-19 53,772 45,696 43,815 44,003 44,290 38,511 42,183 38,719 39,915 46,133 45,111 47,384 Total number of deaths from all causes in 2020 in England and Wales Jan-20 Feb-20 First 3 weeks of Mar-20 62770 43,587 32559 Deaths from respiratory diseases in 2020 in England and Wales included in figures for total deaths Jan-20 Feb-20 First 3 weeks of Mar-20 10446 6,300 4533 Deaths from COVID-19 mentioned on death certificates in England and Wales Jan-20 Feb-20 First 3 weeks of Mar-20 0 0 108 Because the figures are not complete for March 2020, when I accessed the website on 4 April 2020, I will take an average of all deaths from all caused in March 2018 and March 2019 as a representative figure for March 2020. I calculate this to be 47,413 If we take the current figures for COVID-19 deaths to be 4313 (as at 7.36 a.m. 5 April 2020), the percentage of deaths attributed to COVID-20 as an approximate percentage of all deaths is 9.097%. This is a fairly high estimate. but, in the interests of accurate reporting: 1. I would wish our news agencies to drop the absolute numbers and give us the number of COVID-19 deaths as a percentage of deaths by all causes in the UK. 2. The Government should be duty bound to report the deaths by COVID-19 as a percentage of those (large pool of) people randomly tested and positive for COVID-19 infection. 3. We should continue social distancing and self-isolation in order to reduce viral transmission rates. 4. We should acknowledge, as scientists, that our world has changed profoundly, socially and economically, and that we are unlikely to go back to the "normality" of 2018 and 2019. Number of deaths 2018-2020.xls
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