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CharonY

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CharonY last won the day on February 24

CharonY had the most liked content!

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2397 Glorious Leader

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About CharonY

  • Rank
    Biology Expert

Profile Information

  • Location
    somewhere in the Americas.
  • Interests
    Breathing. I enjoy it a lot, when I can.
  • College Major/Degree
    PhD
  • Favorite Area of Science
    Biology/ (post-)genome research
  • Biography
    Labrat turned grantrat.

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65614 profile views
  1. Yes, my apologies, I tend to post without re-reading especially when I am supposed to do something else. I have added a sentence to also make it slightly clearer what I mean.
  2. I think despite the dramatic ongoing situation, folks are still unaware of how the issues are interconnected. There is even a name for this interaction called the one-health framework. Moreover, even as we go through the pandemic, folks are already actively ignoring or trying to (knowingly or not) misdirect and obfuscate the issue. Folks have been saying for a long time now that pandemics are driven by our intrusion into wildlife, that many of our practices (e.g. state fairs, industrial meat production and so on) are risk factors. Yet they get soundly ignored and the only thing that occas
  3. Everything on Earth, including fishes, is covered by microbes. Ergo, it is the planet of microbes. The post does fall into the "not even wrong" category, though.
  4. An interesting bit is that a single dose of either mRNA vaccine in patients who had an infection longer than 6 months ago resulted in a rapid increase of anti-spike protein IgG similar to two dosages of vaccinations. Closer on-topic, it seems that the question is fundamentally whether there truly is asymptomatic transmission. There are also apparently some things that are potentially unclear. For starters, the rate of asymptomatic cases have been revised down to 17-20% (UK and US data mostly). Initial reports overestimated true asymptomatic carriers as quite a few developed symptoms later
  5. I think you misunderstanding something or you might be a bit unclear what you want to achieve. There is no way to have 100% accurate patient data virtually with any disease outbreak as you would have to test everyone and keep testing until the outbreak is over (just because you test negative now does not mean you will be negative tomotrow, or the day after). Except for very small populations this is not feasible, the CDC recommendation notwithstanding (I am not even sure why you bring that one up, it does little to address the overall challenges in accurate disease monitoring). What folks
  6. I stand corrected then, but I admit it does surprise me. There were a couple of discussion on that matter and at least personally I do not think that we can control the risks well enough to pass it through ethics review. But apparently others see it differently. Thanks for letting me know, btw, I found a related article, apparently they got approval to test 90 volunteers to check infectious dosages. Absolutely. I haven't seen calculations covering the whole of 2020 and while the lack of a flu season curbs things a little bit in some areas, but even in the middle of last year, t
  7. A direct test would involve to deliberate infect a person. For some diseases it is possible to have them approved as the risks are well known and can be controlled. SARS-CoV-2 has too many surprises at this point, including causing blood clots and causing neurological symptoms. As such it would be highly unethical to initiate such studies. There are also no good proxies as other coronavirus have quite different infection properties. However, what has been done is measure the titer of infected folks (symptomatic and asymptomatic). There would be no reason to assume that viral particles produced
  8. As Studiot pointed out, different countries have different reporting systems. The US specifically was potentially hobbled by the last administration. Normally you will find details on their respective websites how they do it. However, the data is generally submitted on the local level, e.g. coded by a hospital and then may go through local health authorities or even submitted simultaneously to local and federal reporting systems. As example here are reporting instructions from the US-CDC: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/downloads/php/COVID19-CSV-Case-Reporting-Instructions.pdf
  9. No, as asymptomatic cases can still produce enough viral titer to be tested positive and spread the infection. The massive spread and susceptibility in the population is the reason why we have so many deaths ( as I have mentioned above). Perfect data is a challenge for any disease. However for this one we do have a ton of data with a range of supporting estimates. But note that death rate is heavily influenced by a lot of parameters, such as availability and access to emergency treatment, oxygen, ventilators and so on. As such there is a wide range of estimates, depending on where you
  10. I think some folks, including many students, are under the assumption that as long someone cites something, it somehow becomes more credible. That of course is not true. Assuming the citation was done correctly, it only points out to a fact or observation made by some other group. It does not mean that it follows the argument that one wants to make. I can, for example, correctly cite a paper that shows similarities of SARS-CoV-2 to existing bat coronaviruses, but if the main thrust of my paper is about how lizardmen have released the virus in order to overthrow their pangolin overlords, it doe
  11. The issue is if you make things up, there is no reference point to assess whether something is correct. At best one can check for internal consistency. However, if the made-up concept is not well described either (especially if deliberately so), then even that can be challenging or impossible.
  12. Oh no, this study did not look at cultural factors. The goal was to figure out the high death rates and found a strong association with a) being infected in the first place and b) a strong effect of SES. Other studies have looked at reasons for higher infection rates among black and Hispanic folks and the conclusion from those is that it seems to be strongly correlated with jobs. 75% of frontline workers are POC, they are overrepresented in high-risk jobs such as meat factories and so on. While there might be cultural aspects, the economic ones (i.e. jobs) seem to explain most of the vari
  13. Isn't it true for a vast swath of capitalist markets, though? I mean you can buy and sell debts, bet on increase/decrease of values and so on. Compared to that, a blockchain is almost physical.
  14. ! Moderator Note The topic does not seem to be related to evolution but potentially about how bodies can be preserved? Could be an engineering challenge.
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