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Everything posted by jimmydasaint

  1. Frankly Moontanman, I am surprised you di not mention some of the other Popes who behaved like depraved animals. I was horrified to read about the seriously disgusting actions that they performed whilst in leadership. Was it religious belief that allowed them paedophilia, bestiality and other corrupt actions? That is my central point, and you know it. You did pick on some of the worst examples of human beings if we can call them that. If you had a choice to punish their actions,what would you do? In 2016, come on, what would you do to a paedophile and defiler of innocent human beings? Be honest here. I would have them imprisoned for life. These guys misused religion for personal means. Thank you for your thoughts and condolences on my troubles. I think I have held things in and then stopped exercising leading to my present lamentable demise. However, this is typical of Northern British people who tend to be so tight-assed with their problems that coal becomes diamond in their trousers....
  2. I disagree. The point is more about power than power and religion combined. Christian religious ideology has existed for a couple of thousand years. Were all the Popes as cruel as Pope Innocent IV? Were the two World Wars caused by differences in religious ideology? I am an Abrahamic faith believer and I could pick out examples of religious tolerance and civilisation from religious rulers that conform to the highest ethical ideals. But, if I didn't wish to do so, I could cherry pick religious leaders who have shown the utmost disregard for morality. I am surprised the Borgias have not been mentioned at all yet.... In short, the quintessential ethics that could allow an ordered society to be founded and continue can be found in the Abrahamic faiths. If individuals choose to flout the ethical foundations of their faith, this is a reflection of their own personalities and not due to the religion.
  3. Moontanman Man, I am a bit late to this topic due to a heart attack and subsequent stay in hospital (too much stress and no exercise since my son died in 2014...). However, I could easily pick out someone who is definitely not religious and point out the cruelty and injustice of his rule. For example, and I did not have to look too far mate: IIRC,the 13th century was dominated by the Mongols who were quite happy to kill every man, woman, child and dog who opposed them. Also, IIRC, when Genghis Khan died, every creature who passed by his funeral cortege was slain. At this rate Moontanman, we could quite happily swap these stories all night. Can you please get to the point brother?
  4. Simplicity, Patience, Love - surely these are the keys to a harmonious life.

    1. jimmydasaint


      Enough for me, my friend. I had to learn this the hard way.

    2. StringJunky


      I agree Jimmy, and I would add the freedom that comes from peace of mind

    3. Theoretical


      I'd add balance to that.

    4. Show next comments  33 more
  5. OK guys,I did not sit still and leave it aloe. I watched the following video for clues: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s5smas8uum4 then I watched the following: https://duckduckgo.com/?q=electroytes+in+the+human+body&atb=v10&ia=videos&iai=JhdFkyQBfSY and now I will make a testable and falsifiable hypothesis which you are all free to falsify so that we all move forward to a higher amount of knowledge. I am assuming that: a) the beating of the heart has an effect on calcium and sodium levels in the conducting fibres of the heart but also on Interstitial (or tissue fluid); lymph or blood plasma; b) sodium and calcium ions are extracellular: c) the beating of the heart causes a change in levels of extracellular ions such as sodium or potassium which are "relayed" to the skin where voltmeters or electrodes can detect changes in electronic potential energy which is correlated with ion movements (current). You are all welcome to comment and correct me.
  6. Excellent answers. My question was about the wave of depolarisation conducting down the specialised conducting tissue and then through electrolytes and other tissues until it reaches the skin. I wondered at the mechanism because an ECG would presumably detect changes in electrical potential energy. Is there a concomitant current provided by ion movements which cascades across connective tissues and then permeates for over a metre over the skin? Would this mean perturbation of charge ratios across every cell membrane from the heart to the skin? Which part of the cell membranes in other tissues would be affected by the heartbeat in terms of electrical conductivity? As I have said, this is one of the many gaps in my knowledge and my Internet searches for answers were frustrating. Keep going guys...
  7. This is one of the huge gaps in my knowledge. Can someone elucidate how wave of excitation from a heartbeat reach the skin to be detected? I cannot find a reference so an help would be appreciated.
  8. jimmydasaint

    AQA Biology

    As a Science teacher who "taught" the Biology module in the O.P. I would regard a valid assessment to be both representative and reliable otherwise it is invalid. In terms of percentage of word content over the whole of the Biology Unit (AQA Biology B1 examination), the heaviest emphasis was on Immunology and on Genetic Engineering. However there were nine topics and any representative and reliable assessment could be expected to choose a question from most, if not all, of the topics. However, this was not the case and the examination had a "sneaky" feel to it as if the examiners wanted to catch pupils out using applied knowledge questions (45% of the examination compared to 25% most years). The attitude of most students is summarised by a student's you tube post: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7w7HYNCs-UM
  9. IMHO, it is a basic human right to have a religion or no religion, regardless of the majority beliefs held by any particular country. Nevertheless, a small proportion wish to convert the world to their religion and make it their duty to "bother" others with their views. As a religious person, I don't wish to impose my views on anyone who is an atheist - I just want to get on with my life and not enter into religious arguments with friends or colleagues. If people do bother atheists, a polite reply of "No thank you" normally suffices with an accompanying smile by you as you ignore a leaflet thrust at your face. As a religious person, I want restaurant owners and clubs of any sort to stop bothering ME if I walk down the streets of London. I actually don't mind drunks or homeless people - they are usually interesting and devoid of the soulless stare of a person forced to hand out leaflets and cards to passers-by,
  10. jimmydasaint


    This needs a reference buddy. A paper, blog, anything that others can comment on. Take care.
  11. I scanned your article but I would assume that this is a multifactorial issue as with so many causes of disease. For example wine might have protective effects against heart attacks. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/in-depth/red-wine/art-20048281 So long as a you sit down and hit the bottle, you could be OK. (Joke, Lino)
  12. This is something I have been thinking of for a while and I wonder if there is a simple way to measure the efficiency of bipedal and quadrupedal gait (of animals) in order to compare the relative efficiency of both. Anatomically, I assume it is from the power applied to a moving object or from absolute contraction of muscle to a known standard force. Biochemically, I was thinking on the lines of measuring intramuscular ATP following heavy, standard exercise. However, I am struggling to find material, references, etc... on this topic. Are there any clues out there?
  13. Yep. One of my favourite films. The original poster has disappeared. Buckwheats and boat drinks MigL
  14. Fair enough mate. Can you list some of the mechanisms to reverse ageing with some heavy citations so we can have an intelligent discussion. Also, I wonder, can you also reverse seventy years of accumulated stochastic genomic mutations as well. I would assume that regulatory non-expressed genomic regions would be affected by accumulated mutations. I don't know....teach me.
  15. A clue may be to work out how many carbons enter the Krebs cycle per glucose molecule and then calculate the number of ATP s generated in total from the Krebs cycle and the election transport chain. Then, using these figures, work out number of ATP s for myristic acid which has more carbon atoms than glucose. Come back to us for more clues...
  16. This is one scenario/hypothesis for the short-lived survival period which adds to the answers above. In short, there is a component of self-attack by white blood cells cells which appears to exacerbate symptoms of inflammation (irritation and swelling of tissues) which surface after a relatively long "incubation" period:
  17. I attended a seminar many moons ago which discussed something similar and exposing novel enzyme activities. However, you could cross-reference the following paper: http://www.hoajonline.com/orgchem/2053-7670/1/1
  18. Please read the follwoing and, if it does not make sense, come back and aask some further questions so we can help you to find out the answers: http://oregonstate.edu/dept/biochem/hhmi/hhmiclasses/biochem/lectnoteskga/2kjan14lecturenotes.html
  19. You should start with easy sites then build up to more difficult material. This site may help you. If you need more information, please post again: http://www.s-cool.co.uk/a-level/biology/biological-molecules-and-enzymes/revise-it/carbohydrates
  20. I could be highly thrilled at the breaking of new frontiers by these scientists but this bit worries the hell out of me and I wonder if we will end up with Big Brother in our homes:
  21. A heartfelt thank you mate. My friends have never had a loss such as I have had recently so it is out of their scope entirely to give any advice but they do listen. I am dreading Christmas when I will have time to reflect on things because it will not be a pleasant experience and involve some soul searching. We had good times but I wish we could have had more.
  22. I lost my mother at the relatively tender age of 67 a few years ago. I lost my 24 year old son 3 months ago unexpectedly. I am struggling to cope with the grief and my moods are rollercoasting like a teenager. At least my mother had a reasonably good run but aged 24? How have others coped with grief? Can things get any worse?
  23. I am confused that there is a lack of clear papers from my preliminary search that deal with the calculation of the efficiency of working human or animal muscle. This is important not only from the viewpoint of the effectiveness of exercise regimes but also the efficiency of quadripedal gait compared to bipedal gait. Any references to papers or thoughts welcomed
  24. Hi, I hope you got the answer eventually. I am not allowed to explain the answers. However, I can point you to a website and ask you to read their answer: http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/A-Trihybrid-Cross-Example-Using-Mendel%E2%80%99s-Sweet-Peas.pdf Also, there may be some confusion about incomplete dominance (partial expression from both alleles rather than complete expression from both) from your question so I have this explanatory link: http://biology.about.com/od/geneticsglossary/g/incompletedom.htm Finally, phenylketonuria is autosomal recessive. This means that it is not linked to X chromosomes and is a simple monohybrid cross. The outcomes are probabilities and if the probability of a child inheriting phenylketonuria from 2 heterozygous parents is 0.25, go back to your Maths books and see how to work out the probability of independent events. http://www.stsci.edu/~tbeck/genetics.html I am not allowed to help more, but if this is not helpful, ask me for more vague hints...
  25. I have to be honest and state that both Penrose and Hameroff use a bit of semantic obfuscation and semantic acrobatics to keep the concept of "another world" function causing a conscious thought to occur. However, if I remember correctly, the microtubules in the brain are thought to be quasi crystalline due to the strange arrangement of water molecules around them. Additionally, there are several different hypotheses of what is meant by consciousness and, IMHO, epiphenomenalism or the emergence of consciousness from complex brain chemical reactions in feedback/feedforward loops seems to be the most popular. Hameroff and Penrose state: http://www.quantumconsciousness.org/penrose-hameroff/quantumcomputation.html
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