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Everything posted by LaurieAG

  1. The difference between objective and subjective? From Google
  2. Maybe there are other similar causes. While I don't have Covid 19 I recently had 18 months of medical treatment for a severe lung infection (anti biotics, anti bacterial and steroids) starting 3 years ago in October 2018 and have just started the Infliximab treatment program at my local University Hospital after being hospitalized for 8 days with Ulcerative Colitis and being recently discharged. Since April 2020 I have been lung infection free although this left me with badly scarred lungs, permanent Stage 3 (severe) C.O.P.D. and symptoms almost identical to Long Covid. I suspect I picked up the lung infection from black mold in a shower while traveling in June 2018. While my family has no history of bowel disease or Colitis, I am aged just over 60 and developed light diarrhea in early July 2021 which became more persistent after 3 months. After 2 weeks of this my GP ordered sample and blood/clotting tests which ruled out the usual causes and any association with my 2 AstraZenica injections. Another week later my GP referred me to the GCUH Gastrointestinal program as I had substantial blood loss, mainly from a hemorrhoid, which was masking the diarrhea and the bleeding finally stopped after I voluntarily went on a full liquid diet. The blood tests showed I was anemic and I called an ambulance on Wednesday the 27th October 2021 (1 week later) after losing 17kg in total over 4 weeks and 2kg in a 4 day period (BMI 23-18). After spending a night in the Acute ward I was transferred to the Gastrointestinal research facility where I had a part Colonoscopy without anesthetic, i.e. live, where they diagnosed Chronic Ulcerative Colitis (greater than 1 month of severe diarrhea, 1 in 1000 people with Ulcerative Colitis go chronic) on Thursday October 28 2021. I was admitted to the GCUH Gastrointestinal Ward shortly after and commenced a 7 day Liquid and water diet (8 x 200ml Abbott Ensure Plus per day). I was still losing weight as most of the liquid diet was going straight through my system while also having mineral/saline/vitamin/aqua cortisone infusions (around 40 all up) and many blood tests (around 50 all up). On the afternoon of Saturday October 30 I had my first 2 hour Infliximab infusion, (to block my auto immune system from fighting my body, it is a monoclonal antibody manufactured from my blood) that stopped the severe diarrhea, and my body started actually absorbing the liquid nutrients in my diet. There are 2 main side effects though, increased risk of infection and increased breathlessness and I have 2 more infusions to go over the next 7 weeks. After being discharged on Thursday November 4 2021 I continued the liquid diet for the 7th day and am supplementing my normal diet with the liquid supplements in the mornings due to the number of medications I will be taking over the next 8 weeks on the Infliximab program. (Prednisone reducing weekly, Phosphate, Potassium Chloride, Mesalazine, Colecalciferol D, Thiamine B, and my daily Breo Ellipta). After all of this the only Long Covid symptom I don't have is loss of my sense of smell although, since leaving the filtered air of the GCUH, my sinuses have been playing up as I am allergic to the pollen from winter flowering and native plants. Along with the severe weight and muscle loss, the severe C.O.P.D., the pollen and late spring humidity I feel breathless and exhausted most of the time with difficulty sleeping. I also don't feel anxious or depressed though because I have been living with many of these things, barring the severe weight and muscle loss, for the past 3 years already and I am picking up 1Kg in body weight every 5 days on average so I am on the mend. I have also been socially isolating for the past 18 months because I am in a high risk sub group.
  3. My brothers house burnt down during the 2003 Canberra bushfires, thinning is not the issue. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_Canberra_bushfires Up until recently Australian state/federal governments (of all political persuasions) had adopted a policy of de funding Parks and Forest services and only 'putting out fires'. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_Canberra_bushfires#McLeod_Inquiry
  4. Both examples show that the official max was the same temperature as that recorded at 9am on the next day. It increased the official maximum temperature recorded.
  5. This increased the lowest monthly maximum temperature for 2 consecutive months in one location and the same anomaly can occur in over 800 other places in Australia.
  6. There is one maximum temperature for a day, between midnight and the next midnight, if you look at the half hourly temperature records, as the ABC did, and the official maximum temperature which is measured between 9am on one day and 9am on the next day. Latest Weather Observations for Sydney - Observatory Hill - Half hourly http://www.bom.gov.au/products/IDN60801/IDN60801.94768.shtml August 2021 Daily Weather Observations - for August 2021 http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/dwo/202108/html/IDCJDW2124.202108.shtml Notes to accompany Daily Weather Observations http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/dwo/IDCJDW0000.shtml
  7. Here is another data point from the previous month in Sydney. Please note that the details below are from the monthly summary where the official maximum for the day and the 9am temperature for the next day are both above the 9am and 3pm temps for the day. This was the only way I could identify this anomaly as the complete records of the temperatures recorded every 30mins for Sydney (or all the other 870 BOM weather stations in Australia) are not publicly available after a couple of days. Sydney Australia 2021 Day max day 9am 3pm Next 9am July Fri 09 12.5 09.9 12.0 12.5 August Tue 24 11.5 09.3 09.7 11.5
  8. While it looks like you have conceded that the dates and times on the ABC article that I cited are correct for AEST you appear to be suggesting that one example does not make it true. This anomaly can and will occur to the official daily maximum in Australia whenever you have a series of cool days followed by an increase in temperature to 9am on the next day per the ABC article. As the minimum temperature to 9am is recorded against the day of observation (below) this will not impact official minimum daily temperatures. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/cdo/about/definitionstemp.shtml https://www.abc.net.au/news/2021-08-25/bom-says-weather-bomb-unlilkely-to-go-off/100403638 Yesterday refers to Tuesday August 24 AEST which had a maximum of 10.2 degrees Celsius and was reported by the ABC as the coldest maximum daily temperature since 1984. Today refers to Wednesday August 25 AEST, as in the date stamp on the ABC web address, when the temperature rose to 11.5C at 9am. Tuesday refers to Tuesday August 24 where 11.5 degrees Celsius was reported by the ABC as the official daily maximum temperature for Tuesday.
  9. That is the time on the east coast of the US when it is Wed 25 Aug 2021 at 6:46am, updated Wed 25 Aug 2021 at 10:48am on the Australian East coast. You are currently UTC - 4 and we are UTC + 10 so your local time is 14 hours (8h to midnight + 6h to 6am) before ours and the date and times shown on the ABC website are translated into the local time wherever you are. As I said before it is probably an anachronism from pre electronic recording times that they haven't fixed yet. When the official record is based on the 24 hours to 9am it would impact on low maximums and high minimums. I It would alter the weather statistics measured by day or month and dates of extreme daily statistics, if they are recorded as extremes at all, in the following link. I couldn't find any BOM reports on this matter so we don't actually know how many situations like this occur in any month or year. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/cdo/about/definitionstemp.shtml http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/mwr/
  10. The entire article goes down to where it says "Posted 25 Aug 2021, updated 25 Aug 2021". Below this are Related Stories so you may have confused the sub headings in the article as these. Read the article down to the sub heading "Snow on central Tablelands" below to find the quote as it succinctly explains this anomaly. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2021-08-25/bom-says-weather-bomb-unlilkely-to-go-off/100403638 Please read the article and note that it was posted on the Wednesday, refers to the weather on Tuesday (yesterday in the article) and states that the Official maximum temperature for Tuesday was that recorded at 9:00am on Wednesday (today in the article) so Tuesday's official maximum temperature was the highest recorded temperature between 9:00am Tuesday morning and 9:00am Wednesday Morning. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2021-08-25/bom-says-weather-bomb-unlilkely-to-go-off/100403638 The BOM disagrees. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/cdo/about/airtemp-measure.shtml
  11. This was at the beginning of my post. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2021-08-25/bom-says-weather-bomb-unlilkely-to-go-off/100403638 When you use official temperatures for a day, that omit the first 9 hours of the day, and instead use the 9 hours from the next day you get situations like the one described by the ABC above where official maximums are higher than the actual maximum for the day. This will not impact official maximums if the temperature in the next 9 hours of the next day is below the maximum on the day. I suppose it is some sort of pre electronic anachronism from when people would have had to get up at midnight to take the readings. I'm glad they are doing it now, especially after the 2004 official report made after the Canberra bushfires highlighted the lack of effective forest management practices in this respect. Obviously the policy of just "putting out fires" as they occur, adopted by all the different governments until a couple of years ago, just causes untold damage to people, property and livestock.
  12. Beecee, on Thursday the Al Jazeera weather man said that the 11.5 degrees Celsius recorded in Sydney was the second coolest maximum there in the past quarter century while the ABC article on Wednesday said it was the coldest maximum daily temperature since 1984. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2021-08-25/bom-says-weather-bomb-unlilkely-to-go-off/100403638 I am not saying that man made climate change/global warming is not occurring but am saying that official temperatures that can be 1.2 degrees Celsius above the actual daily maximum temperature are evidence of a systematic bias that could cause problems with rates of change calculations. Incidentally, I was looking for rainfall results in Greenland due to recent reports of record rainfall there and could not find any actual records apart from one site where the details for the 3 days this month were blanked out. I noticed that they also reported their temperatures and rainfall to 9:00am their time so I assume the bias against lower maximums referred to above would be common around the world in similar circumstances to those in Australia. The reason I was looking for the actual rainfalls is because the articles describing this event only talked about 7 billion tonnes of rain in 3 days. So I decided to calculate the average rainfall in millimeters per square meter. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/data-services/content/faqs-elements.html 3 day rainfall = 7,000,000,000 tonnes with 1,000 kilograms per tonne As the Greenland ice sheet size is slightly larger than Greenland itself I used that. Area of rainfall = 1,710,000 square kilometers with 1,000,000 square meters per square kilometer As 1 kilogram is the weight of 1 liter of water and 1 liter of water is equivalent to 1 mm of rainfall for a square meter the calculation is simple. (7,000,000,000 x 1000)/(1,710,000 x 1,000,000) = 4.094 kilograms/meter or 4.094 mm of rainfall in 3 days averaged for every meter of the Greenland ice sheet. I understand the point being made in the articles although Crawford Point had 14mm in 2.5 days (image in link below) so the rainfall must have varied quite a bit over the entire ice sheet if the average total rainfall for the 3 days was around 4.0 mm. http://nsidc.org/greenland-today/2021/08/rain-at-the-summit-of-greenland/
  13. If you write things in terms of tau (2π) universally you just end up with numerology.
  14. That's probably as good a criticism of the show, and it's lack of real balance, as you can get.
  15. The difference between ALT and the other 3 is given in the paper. Essentially it uses a preferred (absolute) reference frame based on gravitational centers.
  16. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/minimum-wage-15-dollars-amendment-fails-covid-relief-bill/
  17. So the rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer has nothing to do with the 'free' market and taxation systems? You are aware that the end 'user' pays the tax for the 'polluter'? Any system that was fair and equitable across all levels of materials, manufacturing, import/export and all nations involved would do, otherwise you have grey areas to exploit and massive profits to be made.
  18. Have you considered that cynicism about the way the 'free' market operates is sufficient a reason to not support a tax that will most likely deliver a healthy profit and not provide the desired environmental outcome? There's not really much point if the user pays the full cost and businesses exploit countries, who are not part of the 'system', and pocket the difference.
  19. The presumption of innocence is a fundamental principle of the common law. The UN Human Rights Committee has stated that the presumption of innocence imposes on the prosecution the burden of proving the charge and guarantees that no guilt can be presumed until the charge has been proved beyond reasonable doubt.
  20. It's not that clear cut from the Ipsos poll on November 18. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-election-poll-idUSKBN27Y1AJ
  21. If your summer was hot and humid you may have an uneven buildup of dust and moisture on your blades.
  22. While I studied calculus at high school we didn't cover infinitesimals until university. https://www.math.wisc.edu/~keisler/calc.html
  23. Dark matter and dark energy are most likely non local cosmological phenomena that arise because our current scientific method cannot conceive anything (balancing energy/mass) existing outside of the big bang/CMBR bubble and as a result looks solely for a solution inside that bubble while our local conception of the Milky Way and other galaxies don't have that restriction. This appears in the difference between the virial overdensity constant, Δc, in the universal ΛCDM model and that typically assumed locally for galaxies. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virial_mass#Virial_radius
  24. It's probably just due to the critical overdensity constant, Δc, being used for the dm halo. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virial_mass#Virial_radius The Milky Way's dm halo radius is approximately 10 times the baryonic matter radius (according to Wikipedia) so the dm volume is approximately 1000 times that of the baryonic matter volume (1^3 vs 10^3). If we keep the dm to baryonic matter ratio the same, as that derived with the ΛCDM model from the PLANCK data, we get a critical dm overdensity in the Milky Way that is half the average dm overdensity (i.e. 200 in 1000 times the baryonic matter volume) compared with ΛCDM (i.e. 100 in only 500 times the baryonic matter volume)
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