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Everything posted by paulsutton

  1. As with any source of information if you are going to use anything in your own research it needs to be cited properly, from a academic viewpoint it would be viewed as plagiarism which will reflect badly on you. By citing you are backing up any claims, and if there are issues with the source. There are tools that make this much easier, esp if you use LaTeX and a bibliography file. Paul An example (probably not very good, but I just tried to think of a quick example) if you were writing an essay on Star Trek for example. Spock suggests "The needs of the many, outwe
  2. Prior to the pandemic, poverty and inequality was hidden to some extent, the pandemic has really put this in the public eye, a UBI could perhaps address issues such as food poverty, allow people to buy basic IT kit the rest of us take for granted and kids could study on their own devices. This in some cases, if they are not turned off from education will help kids achieve more in school , eat properly and produce better outcomes, too many people of all ages seem to be falling through cracks in the system. I am not working, back in January I attended training for a Lego WeDo sessio
  3. Ok sorry about that, As I have written the article about this website I am going to send it hopefully it will generate a few more members. On the forum. Regards Paul
  4. I put it on my blog (still draft) so it is easier for me to share the document as a draft review of this science forums website, I want to promote this forum, as it is really useful and helpful as a discussion platform. I have already mentioned it lots of times in various posts to direct people here for further discussion, ( I can't think of many places where I can ask stuff on cutting edge physics or science) I can get hopefully get said article / blog published locally (Torbay) if it sounds ok, so hopefully attract more users here, so i am not intending to put my website link at
  5. I am not a expert in immunity and immunology but I think you make a good point here, exposure to dirt / germs helps build the immune system.
  6. Given that the permafrost is also melting in many regions, there has also been warnings previously that there could be very old viruses / bacteria in that permafrost, which are dormant when frozen but as that permafrost melts are released. We just don't know I guess.
  7. As in this? https://edition.cnn.com/2019/04/10/world/black-hole-photo-scn/index.html If the article says this was taken with 8 telescopes. I guess it is not a photo in the traditional sense, and definition (as with a camera) as radio telescopes work with radio waves rather than light and this is a combination of different instruments with data combined. Still cool, even though all the memes were of donuts, which I think is the analogy model for a blackhole anyway (well sort of). if you look at the curve of a donut (the sort with the hole in).
  8. If you are interested in Astronomy and Space I suggest In the Night sky : Orion, which is part of OpenLearn ( http://www.open.ac.uk/ ) from the OU, that covers a lot about stars, planets, star life cycles, and searching for exoplanets, there is a lot of crossover with other courses, which is sometimes a good thing, But as this is longer then you will cover what is also in the shorter courses such as The Sun. And if you need to discuss something further you could always ask here on the forum. Paul
  9. Hi In an effort to try and promote Scienceforums more widely I have tried to write a review on my website url deleted This isn't published yet as it is still draft, but is still viewable, I am posting here for some feedback, my intention here to promote this website as I find it really useful, friendly and engaging, hopefully we can attract more people to take part in discussions. So firstly is it ok to do this, ? and how does it sound so far ? I am not a fan of Facebook (not on it) so welcome any forum such as this where discussions can take place. Thank you
  10. Cool thanks, so i guess I must have moved up at some point and not noticed. Paul
  11. Not quite too sure what to search for here other than 'Ranking' which doesn't seem to return a list, , I seem to be a Meson at present, but others are molecule, atom etc, is there a list of these ranks somewhere please. Just for interest. Thanks Paul
  12. In terms of anti poverty, Would a universal basic income be far better for society, ? If you increase taxes then you get accused of punishing the rich. This is from Jan 2020 World’s billionaires have more wealth than 4.6 billion people https://www.oxfam.org/en/press-releases/worlds-billionaires-have-more-wealth-46-billion-people I wonder what the Covid 19 pandemic has done to these figures, we know that Amazon and Facebook have done very well from the news. But the cost is to the millions facing job losses, evictions, and poverty. In other news Both Bill G
  13. A child learns from the parent or their environment, and this seems to apply to the animal kingdom too, a adult chimp for example uses a stick to get food (termites) from a hole in the ground or tree, the youngster copies the adult. I think we are finding animals and their social structures are far more complex than first thought but in a way they are also remarkably similar they can feel loss, grief, and well as happiness. I can't find the reference to what I may have refereed to earlier, (it's on a poster somewhere) I did find this https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/researchwee
  14. I will need to look that up, but may be we need to make some tough decisions somewhere. Like how do we fund social care and adult education, if that means higher taxes, or other funding streams these are tough decisions, that may be unpopular unless people see results from these policies. Maybe it is people and their needs that are different,if we are all unique and different needs and level of needs then we all need help in different ways. hence the complexity.
  15. Agreed, if not jail, there are for example complexes of secure housing, and secure, perhaps sheltered communities, they are not locked up as such but are in a secure / safe environment. Where they have access to the help they need.
  16. Well that is why the justice system needs hand out justice that fits the crime or crimes that have taken place. One size can't fit all. If you look at the 3 that killed PC Harper, we are looking at burglary, theft of a car, and dragging PC Harper behind for over a mile, causing horrific fatal injuries. Odd how none of them noticed. Then they just laugh about it, showing contempt for everyone including the family and friends of the victim. So while I agree with longer jail terms, surely those who show remorse, or admit their crime (say they do the same thing) that remorse and or
  17. How about red light, much better for Astronomy. Seriously, however, would daylight be too bright you just need a level to illuminate the path below or we need to work out the purpose of the street light and find a mix of colours to suit. Street lights maybe one colour but those illuminating roads may need to be brighter or different colour, perhaps diffused would be better in some situations.
  18. Good point, maybe we would see any energy / matter ejected from the white hole being drawn towards the black hole but interesting idea, there would certainly probably be a lot of energy involved, it depends on what is meant by close, esp in terms of space distances. Incidentally, there is no known mechanism for forming a white hole. Yeah as we know the mechanism for a BH is a collapsed star, a supernova is a exploding star, so a white hole would have to be some other process, which as you said we don't know yet. Fascinating to think about really, even if complex.
  19. I think Gabriel on Swordfish (movie from 2001) he suggests Mis-direction, at least in the case of Houdini.
  20. So what are some solutions to this?, it seems change is needed on both sides.
  21. It could be that is because as civilians you expect if you get pulled over you will be met by an officer with gun drawn or at least one of them can open fire at a seconds notice, hence you show hands at all times. so the situation is tense from the start, where as here, and watching police programs where they pull people over the situation is a lot less confrontational. On the other hand look at what has happened here with PC harper being dragged for over a mile by 3 people in a stolen car, only for them to be charged with manslaughter, what is worse they got what was it <10 years
  22. It does seem in a lot of cases these people are 'known' to the police which does raise the question of how well the Channel /prevent programme is funded, or maybe more to the point how well partner agencies are funded. Anyone referred has to give consent but also can be referred to say youth services (if under 18) to provide more positive activities, of course funding for which has been cut right back. I sort of understand the process from undergoing the online awareness training for prevent and channel processes.
  23. Indeed as with the case in the Westminster bridge attack, which I have mentioned elsewhere in this thread. I am guessing your from the UK, I watched Dom (Dom Littlewood) Does America this morning, ( 18/8/2020 ) he was working with the Texas police department, they carry spray, taxers and guns of course, but go in to every situation as if it is hostile, even a routine car stop, and they expect to be shot at and maybe killed.
  24. In the UK we have what was called the IPCC independent police complaints committee it is their job to look in to situations if a police officer opens fire it can be referred to the IPCC or the police can refer the matter so it is investigated and the facts gained as to why. Even with the Westminster bridge attack last year, it was the people that held down the terrorist and the police shot him dead, he had already stabbed two people to death. I think the police referred themselves.
  25. The police here in the UK try and diffuse situations, very rarely do the police open fire and kill people, a very low percentage of UK police carry Guns. Those that do are specialist units. Police carry Tazers . I think most have access to CS gas (or is it pepper spray).
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