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About Alfred001

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  1. I'm looking at a job advertisement from the Indian embassy and the pay is listed like this: Salary (Per month): - Pay Scale (In Euro) - 1225-50-1975-65-2625-3375 - Basic Salary at the Minimum of Scale: Euro 1225 Does anyone have any idea what the heck "1225-50-1975-65-2625-3375" means??? Also, do you suppose this is gross or net? EDIT: Found another ad of theirs and apparently this is something to do with annual increments and max pay.
  2. I was reading an article and this bit was in there: I don't think I've ever read such a think piece and I'm not familiar with what exactly these arguments are. Could someone link to such an article, if you happen to remember one, or give me a bit more details on what the criticisms are?
  3. Alfred001

    How do people defend utilitarianism?

    Well, I would have thought it's obvious what I mean by folk ethics. It's the ethical judgments that most regular folks will make when using only their innate moral sense, rather than some philosophical and rationally defined moral principle like utilitarianism. In brief - what regular folk think is moral. Don't you agree that that outcome is superior to the utilitarian outcome of killing people to harvest their organs? No, not on one specific thought experiment. We had the trolley problem and the issue of harvesting people's organs. One is a contrived thought experiment, the other is a situation that would happen every day. You could spin out all sorts of scenarios that logically follow from utilitarianism that I'm sure we'd all acknowledge as problems (for example, one creditor with 10 debtors struggling to pay off the loan, so you just tell the creditor to go fly a kite - net happiness has increased), but we don't even need to go there. The organ harvesting one is sufficient. You'd just have people getting put down so others can have their organs left and right. That's a bigger problem, as it would be an everyday occurance, whereas the trolley problem is a contrived philosophical thought experiment that never actually happens.
  4. Alfred001

    Old fathers - beneficial or deterimental

    It could be guys who have the very kind of mental problems that they confer a larger risk of in the offspring, or at least guys who have tendencies in the direction of those problems. So guys who are to a milder or more severer degree autistic, schizophrenic or socially inept in other ways that have connection to mental problems.
  5. Alfred001

    How do people defend utilitarianism?

    I don't think that holds up at all, because, again, the logic of utilitarianism licences you to kill an innocent person to harvest their organs and save multiple people. A non-theoretical, intuitive folk morality prohibits that and is, therefore, better than utilitarianism. And also, this shows you that no utilitarian really acts or thinks as an utilitarian. I don't know what to tell ya on the trolley problem. I don't know what I'd do and I don't know what I'd endorse. I maintain that folk morality is better than utilitarian morality, but I admit that folk morality fails to give an answer here. But, rather than discuss alternatives, I'd prefer to confine the discussion to how utilitarians work out these problems, because if we open up another subject that often derails a thread and I'm very interested, given the popularity of utilitarianism, in how people resolve these issues.
  6. Can anyone recommend any online mags that cover exclusively or primarily math and physics? Something like Quanta. Not exclusively math and physics, but heavy emphasis.
  7. Alfred001

    Was Feynman a ladies man?

    If I can wrangle us back to the topic, what I meant by ladies man was was he someone who was successful with girls and had a lot of girlfriends/flings/lovers and let's not judge either the behavior or my way of expressing it, let's just try to get to the facts.
  8. Alfred001

    Was Feynman a ladies man?

    I heard two science journalists say that he supposedly was. I was kind of surprised, because I remember reading something he'd written where he talked about, if I remember correctly, being in a frat where there was a dynamic of jocks helping the intellectuals with girls and the intellectuals helping the jocks with school and he was receiving help with girls. Is anything known on this important topic?
  9. Alfred001

    Dynamics of a cell - explainable in terms of physics?

    What I'm really curious about is whether there are emergent phenomena in the cell that cannot be explained in terms of lower level laws - laws of physics that govern the constituent elements of the cell. So, if you take something like CRISPR (or any other more complicated and purposeful dynamic in a cell), I can't imagine that that very purposeful behavior can be explained in terms of laws of physics. It seems to me it's an emergent phenomenon. Now, to be clear, my question is not whether we can explain it RIGHT NOW, with our current knowledge of physics, rather I'm saying that it seems to me that those kind of behaviors CAN'T be explained in terms of the physical laws that describe the behavior of atoms which make the cell up. Is that so?
  10. I'd appreciate some help here from US or UK folks (especially UK). Is there a name for an exam that a person has to take from some state body to be able to work in a certain profession. I often hear reference in the US to a "bar" in the context of law. The context I need it in is a person passed this test for being a librarian. Is there a name specifically for that?
  11. Alfred001

    How do people defend utilitarianism?

    I'm not sure what the distinction here is. You seem to be saying that you require a net increase, but not a maximum increase, but that seems odd. You say there are different varieties, but what variety resolves the problem I mentioned?
  12. In the West and, ideally, disaggregated by country.
  13. Alfred001

    How do people defend utilitarianism?

    I've noticed recently a lot of people describing themselves as utilitarians and I'm always puzzled by this, because there are old objections to utilitarianism and I'm not aware that anyone resolved them. Utilitarianism being the maximum amount of happiness for the maximum amount of people would permit killing an innocent person for the purpose of harvesting their organs and saving 3 dying people. This would increase the amount of happiness in the world. How do utilitarians defend from this?
  14. Ideally, I'd like to see liberal, conservative and libertarian, if it were sliced down to a more granular level, though, that would be great. I'd prefer to see IQ test results, I don't think education is a good measure of intelligence (though I'm sure there's some correlation).