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DrmDoc last won the day on September 16 2018

DrmDoc had the most liked content!

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About DrmDoc

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    Neuroscience, Neuropsychology, Oneirology, Brain Evolution,

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  1. I had a look at the article and agree with its position on the inaccuracy of the Triune Theory of brain evolution. I also agree with its position and most neuropsychologist that brain evolution was not and is not a linear process. However, I believe the ideas this article appears to support isn't very clear or convincing. As I prepare to author a book on the subject myself, I believe I've uncovered more convincing evidence of our brain's stages of evolution based on neural and functional developments we find in comparative species with humans from fetus to birth as the brain matures. What I'm suggesting is that if our brain followed some contiguous functional path of evolution, some remnant of that path should be discernable in brain structure. For example, I intend to show in my next book, with sufficient peer reviewed metadata, how cortical dependency on subcortical neural projections and stimuli suggest a linear stage of development concurrent with the survival demands and functional needs of ancestral animals. Still, the article provided here was a very interesting read.
  2. In my opinion, if I'm not too late to this discussion, most of what we think we understand about the nature of lucid dreaming--and dreaming generally--is based on misinterpretation of the research. Most notably, the implications of Stephen Laberge's research I believe have been profoundly misunderstood. Specifically, continual reality checks may lead to psychosis involving profound doubt in the nature of your true reality and experience. A person cannot truly navigate reality and enjoy life without trust in the reality of their experiences. All of what is misunderstood about the nature of dreaming in research is based on a void of understanding on how our dreaming brain evolved, which really isn't very difficult to track if one has a mind to study. Nevertheless, all levels of unconscious brain activity, including lucid dreaming, are responses to stimuli our brain has received either prior to, during, or as our brain cycles from unconsciousness to conscious arousal. Dreams are how our sleeping brain interpret the stimuli it believes it has experienced amid its cycles of unconsciousness. Lucid dreaming is a response to real stimuli and primarily occurs as a result of stress. Lucid dreaming interprets the true nature of an experience that has or will have a significant mental impact. Although easily accessible, lucid dreaming is not an inconsequential playground and I do not recommend its pursuit as such because of its deep association with mental stress.
  3. There are two important clues in your comments that suggest to me what might have occurred. First, you said you had a "throbbing headache" when you awoke. This suggests to me that you were likely experiencing a hangover, which further suggests you may have been drinking before slumbering. If you were drinking, then you may have been in such a deep state of unconsciousness that you could have experienced some measure of physical trauma without waking. Another possibility, if you were drinking, is that you could have experienced such trauma before going to sleep but have now awoke without memory of the experience. The second clue is in your husband's description of your bruises as knuckle imprints rather what is obviously a foot imprint across your upper breast and shoulder. Someone, likely a heavy adult, stepped on you while you were sleeping and rolled a bike across your arm as can be seen by the imprint of slim rather than wide tire tracks. If you were not drinking prior to sleep when these injuries occurred, then you are obviously a heavy sleeper who was injured by someone while your were sleeping. In my opinion, this is not a case dreams causing injury but more certainly a case of injury effecting a dream experience. I hope this helps.
  4. You're quite right, I don't know everything. Also, I believe you are sincere in your memory of what occurred many years ago; however, belief in the possibility of an impossibility is not why you posted your dream related experience to a science forum. If I'm not mistaken, you posted here because you were seeking an explanation in science for an experience you had as a child. The explanations we've offered here are those within the realm of scientific possibility. The impossibility of experiences like yours remain that way because science has produced verifiable, replicable evidence that they are not possible. Conversely, consider what belief in the possibility of the impossible implicates relative to the nature of dreams, which is that they can cause real physical harm. That possibility would make dreaming more dangerous than true physical experience, which is contrary to the evolutionary basis of dreaming that provides a survival advantage among dreaming species. Dreaming is an integral aspect of the sleep processes that promote healthy brain function, which is why such brain activity persist among species with complex brain structures. If the impossible were possible, then every conceivable and inconceivable injury and death in a dream would be possible and result in very clear physical evidence of their dream association. By extension of this notion, gunshot and drowning dream victims would be discovered with bullet holes in their bodies and water in their lungs. This possibility of imagined experiences being physically harmful is not conducive to the nature of survival at the foundation from which dreaming has evolved. You may want to reconsider that the memories of trauma we experienced as children changes upon reflection as we mature into adults regardless of our certainty.
  5. I want to put to rest this notion that our dreams can cause real injuries. Sleep is primarily a passive state of brain/body activity except when the brain is dreaming and when we sleepwalk as a result. Definitively, dreaming is activity our sleeping brain engages as a response to stimuli. The key descriptive word here is "response", which means something has to happen before some other thing occurs. Unless your experience involves sleepwalking, your dream and dreams in general cannot be the source of injury because they only occur as responses or reactions to something else. Your Freddy Kruger dream experience was a response to an injury you likely sustained through physical trauma prior to the onset of your dream. Dreams are essentially effects rather that causes of trauma, physical or otherwise. Additionally, to reiterate iNOW's comment, no mechanism for the precision splitting of skin has been shown to exist in the psychosomatic dynamics of our mind/body connection. Skin splitting could be caused by various maladies that causes dryness and cracking but you've made no mention of having a skin condition 20 years ago. Memory isn't a fixed medium; it becomes more malleable as time passes. More than likely, time has altered and embellished your recollection of what occurred when you were a 9 year old 20 years ago.
  6. I see...now you recall scars? Did you also awake in a fright and do you recall your parents reaction to your injury? After nearly four decades of private study in pursuit of understanding the nature of mind, consciousness, and dreaming, I can confidently say that the injury you described was likely caused by some influence within your sleep environment rather than your dream. Dreaming is how our sleeping brain synthesize or interpret sensory stimuli it perceives during the periods of arousal caused by its metabolic needs amid sleep. Our brain is the largest consumer, about 20%, of our body's overall energy uptake. Its persistent metabolic needs in sleep causes arousal, which is why dreaming is a kind of consciousness or wakefulness amid the sleep process. Our sensory experiences during sleep can precipitate a cascade of neural activity leading to imagery very much like familiar fragrances that vividly invoke a cascade of mental imagery or long forgotten memories. Cut marks on your body with the precision of a knife was likely produced by something or someone in your sleep environment, which your sleep brain then interpreted as relative to your recent scary movie experience--IMO.
  7. This might be possible, if I may offer an opinion, for any number of reasons not apparent form the perspective of an 8-9 year old 20 years in retrospect. It's possible that your vivid recollection of what occurred 20 years ago isn't quite what happen. Time alters our memories and can create false ones that merges imagined experiences with those that are real. If your experience was real and you actually sustained "3 deep knife marks", scars of that experience would likely be visible somewhere on your body today, 20 years later, if they were truly as "deep" as you say. However, you've made no mention of such scars, which could suggest that the sleep injury you sustained was likely not as severe as you might have then perceived 20 years ago, which was likely precipitated and enhanced by the persisting fear an 8-9 year old could have experienced after a night of watching "scary movies". 20 years hence, your memory of the experience was embellished by time. Although, there's strong scientific evidence for the psychosomatic connection between mind and body, which can produce real physical injury, I do not believe this was likely your experience as a 9 year old child particularly without evidence of lingering scarification. I hope this helps.
  8. If I'm not too late to this discussion, I'm familiar with studies involving the brain and magnetic fields and I've reviewed the study summary you've provided here in context with these other studies. Like you, I could find nothing overtly disputable in the article"s referenced finding. Notwithstanding, a credible theoretical foundation for this area of science might be found in how magnetic fields resonate or otherwise interact with the metals and minerals essential to our cellular function--IMO.
  9. Your question is now unlike the perennial conundrum "Which came first, chicken or egg?" For psychosis to occur there must be a cause that alters brain function, chemistry or structure. Rather than a cause, psychosis is primarily an effect of some influence on brain function, chemistry or structure, which may lead to further functional and structural deterioration. The key is to determine and address the functional or structural cause of a psychosis--a determination of whether the disorder arises from some environmental, social or physical cause.
  10. From the article: "In contrast, functional brain imaging studies locate the contents of consciousness mostly within the cortex, in ‘cortico-cortical’ circuits." Although not the focus of the article, a mention should be made that the "content of consciousness" --meaning, in my view, the sensory experiences and memories comprising our conscious behavioral responses to stimuli--arrives in the cortex initially via the thalamus and that no activity occurs in the cortex without neural relays from the thalamus. What I believe the researchers have discovered in the L5p neuron is where conscious integration occurs, which is where afferent stimuli from the thalamus merge with efferent cortical responses to produce our overall behavioral responses. Thumbs up for the article.
  11. Although I've cited Wikipedia often in this forum as a convenience, I don't particularly consider it a sacrosanct resource for scientific studies and definitions. My perspective, understanding, and definitions are primarily based on my assessment of the available metadata and peer reviewed research on the subject of the topics I've explored here and in other science forum discussions. What I've learned from the metadata and research regarding the nature of instinct, mind, and consciousness exceeds what some may consider current or reliable in Wikipedia--IMHO.
  12. Yes, you did as follows: I agree that your definition (above) is poor. The following, from prior comment on this topic, is mine: "...as I define, instinctive behaviors are those behaviors a species engages without the appearance of a thought process; whereas, mentation behaviors are those a species engage that appear to involve a thought process...". I made no statement of instinctive behaviors being defined as "animal like behaviors" nor did I define "mentation process" as "neural activity that enables human like behaviors." These are your words and definitions and, indeed, they are poor. Clearly, I've made no such admission as you believe, hope, or imagine by your statement above. Perhaps you misunderstood my definition but the comments you are attempting to ascribe to me comprise your words and definitions, which do not carry nor convey my perspective, meaning, or understanding. Devolving into inane commentary and deviations will neither support your position nor serve the furtherance of this discussion. Fundamentally, we cannot understand anything about the nature of other species without references relatable to human experience and understanding. As my final entry in support of the position I've tried to convey, we cannot even understand each other as humans of different nationalities without references relatable to our individual nationality, experiences, and understanding. For example, a person of French nationality, who does not know or speak English, will not understand the words we have used in this discussion without translating these words into his or her language. Applying references relatable to humans to the behaviors of other species is how we, as a separate species, translate those behaviors into a behavioral language we are able to quantify and understand.
  13. What you consider "sensible and useful abstract notions" must be specifically relatable to human references and experiences to be understood by humans. Unequivocally , you cannot know what is understandable by other species without references relatable to experiences you understand as a human being and have acquired through your human experience. Using your example, you wouldn't know other species understood sensible and abstract notions such as numbers without first observing behaviors, which you can identify and reference from your human experience as proof of their understanding. I agree; the way you define instinct behaviors in contrast with mentation process here is indeed poor. However, as I define, instinctive behaviors are those behaviors that a species engages without the appearance of a thought process; whereas, mentation behaviors are those behaviors a species engage that appear to involve a thought process. Essentially, it is a distinction between automatic and controlled behaviors. Rather than an abstraction, it's useful tools for assessing species that engage in thought processes and those that do not.
  14. Your should understand that our "scientific rigors" for assessing qualities such as intelligence, memory, and consciousness are definitively based on the only perspective we as humans are fully capable of experiencing, referencing, and understanding. To be clear, it is neither "biased" nor "irrational" to acquire knowledge and insight of other species based on definitions and references that you, being human, can only understand from your human perspective and experience.
  15. If you can answer within the context of this response, isn't your "confidence" and what you "saw" in apes based on your very human references for what identifies and defines "memory"? Isn't your assessment of a "fast and accurate" ape memory based on a human reference for what determines memory that is fast and accurate? Given your prior comments, is your statement here "biased and irrational." Relying on references relatable to human experience should not be discounted for objectivity. Such references are the only window of insight fully open to our comprehension of other species. In congruence with our prior exchanges, references relatable to human experience are integral to our understanding of how qualities such as consciousness manifest in nonhuman species.
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