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DrmDoc last won the day on September 16 2018

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About DrmDoc

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    USA (eastern)
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    Neuroscience, Neuropsychology, Oneirology, Brain Evolution,

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  1. DrmDoc

    What is faith?

    There's a subtle distinction between belief in something that isn't true (delusion) and belief in something without evidence of truth. If you are deluded, you believe in something that is provably false. Conversely, if you're a person of faith, you're a believer in something that isn't proved. Admittedly, this distinction is slight but it remains the difference between evidence and lack of evidence.
  2. DrmDoc

    What is faith?

    DrmDoc said: "...some of you do not seem to have a clear perspective of what distinguishes faith from science.  Most often arguments against science are used as justification for faith; however, those arguments do not appear to define a basis for your religious faith." For clarity, I've highlighted the portions of my original comments pertaining to the origin of this discussion. Certainly one may have faith in science--which is confidence in its methodology without any real objective evidence or experience or need for same--but then that would be a type of religion and not science in it's purest form as generally understood in this forum--IMO. Faith, in its purest form is religion, which is a believe system that does not need or require material evidence or support as science methodology requires or demands for validity. To have faith, IMO, is to have confidence, trust, or belief without any real or reproducible basis in material evidence or experience. Although it doesn't offer the legitimacy of science, faith appears to be a useful tool to individuals engaging the uncertainties of life with inadequate awareness, experience, understanding, or curiosity. Of these, I think inadequate curiosity does the most harm because of the doors to profound insight a lack of curiosity could leave unopened.
  3. DrmDoc

    What is faith?

    Not a cure but a placebo that's more of a testament to the seemingly miraculous abilities of the mind than the benevolent intercession of some unseen omnipotent entity.
  4. DrmDoc

    What is faith?

    My comments were meant to be neither judgements nor condemnation. They were merely observations I've posited for those of us here who may be less self aware. As I perceive, faith is the emergence of humanity's inherent desire to maintain the love, protection, and guidance of its deceased ancestors, parents, or village elders. It emerges from one of humanity's most useful survival tools, which is fear. Faith allievates the fear, doubt, and confusion the faithful would suffer without it. Further, I suggest the greater the fear they harbor, the greater the faithful's efforts to justify and protect their faith--hence the faithful's willingness to engage hostile environs (e.g, scienceforums.net) that potentially erodes faith.
  5. DrmDoc

    What is faith?

    Clearly, it appears some of us can't.
  6. DrmDoc

    What is faith?

    Remarkably specious and certainly without basis in science and study of the aging. Quite the contrary, one may find several studies and articles, some scholarly, on how routines that show "pensioners" (i.e., aging) who engage social and physical activities away from home are actually more healthy, have a better quality of life and, thereby, are much safer than those who stay home. Faith, as I've found, services the insecure who seem without courage to face the unknown and unfathomable without a virtual parent holding their tiny hands throughout their adult life. Life is inevitable and one should be willing and able to confront its uncertainties resolutely without the veil of some immaterial force that offers no real protection beyond one's own imagination--IMO.
  7. DrmDoc

    What is faith?

    I agree; but why, in many cases, declare one's belief needlessly in a hostile environment? In other words, why test your faith if you're convinced of its validity? My perception is that testing suggests some seed of non-belief exist within believers that isn't satiated by their faith. If the faithful is truly confident in their faith, why expose your faith to challenge if not to prove something to yourself that shouldn't require proof?
  8. DrmDoc

    What is faith?

    Perhaps, but all they required was trust in their years of investigation and hard work. Trust that their material investigations, evidence, and reproducible experiments would produce results consistent with their prior experiments, contemporaneous objectives, and future aerial expectations. By definition, faith isn't founded in what science consider materially tangible or reproducible. Faith is having belief or trust without any basis in investigative, tangible, or reproducible evidence or fact--if faith was otherwise, it would be science. I began this discussion as a way to explore what drives people of faith to science discussion sites where they would likely find and confront views and opinions overwhelmingly opposite and, often, hostile to their own. Increasingly, I'm of the opinion that it maybe a type of "Daniel in the Lion's Den" complex; wherein, the faithful confront overwhelming odds to fortify their spiritual ideas. If true, their pursuits in this way suggests an effort to abate some measure of personal fear and insecurity they may hold about their beliefs. Here, I believe, is where some of the faithful may come to prove their piety to themselves.
  9. How depressing to find the people you talk to outside your home are not as smart by some measure of your own expectation. Smart people say and do what appears to be thoughtless and dumb things but that doesn't necessarily suggest low intelligence, IMO. What Watson says and believes regarding the ethnic basis of intelligence doesn't suggests he's dumb, just misinformed by his personal bias and interpretation of what he perceives as evidence. IDK, perhaps what may be true for Watson might be true for you. As to whether I'm insane, that seems to be a discussion best suited for our Speculation Forum rather than here in Science News.
  10. Either that or he's trolling.. Trolling.
  11. What people and by what measure? What is the basis your opinion?
  12. Watson's clearly racist theories, supposedly based on his genetics and intelligence test perspective, is a prime example of how a scientist's social bias--perhaps a product of his era many decades ago--influences and hinders his investigation and acceptance of thoroughly researched and generally accepted evidence in science contrary to whatever support he endorses. Humanity, regardless of skin pigmentation or geographical origin, share an equal capacity to learn, anticipate, and innovate, which I believe are truer measures of intelligence.
  13. DrmDoc

    NDE, OBE & Dreaming

    Hello All, I'm going to open a can of worms here with what the science suggests about the dreaming brain and how it might relate to near-death (NDE) and out-of-body (OBE) experiences. If I recall correctly, it was Michel Jouvet's decerebration experiments in the late 1960s that suggested no activity occurs cortically without a subcortical neural connection. Although the goal of his experiments were to determine the neurophysiological mechanisms of dreaming, the lack of spontaneous neural activity in the cortex without a subcortical neural link was significant in that it suggests all brain activity is a result of subcortical stimuli, which appears to confirm and conform to the suggested hierarchal nature of brain evolution, wherein, the functionality of relatively recent brain and neural developments are dependent on the function of earlier developments in our brain's evolution. Now, if I've laid the proper foundation for this speculation correctly, Jouvet's experiments appear to suggest that, at the very least, cortical activity is a response to subcortical stimuli, which suggests the possibility that hallucinatory aberrations such as NDE and OBE are indeed responses to stimuli. As I understand the dreaming brain, dreams are how our waking brain interprets what it believes it experienced during its sleep process and amid those occurrences of cognition and perception arising from our brain's metabolic activities and processes in sleep. Both NDE and OBE occur amid an unconscious state we might equate with dreaming and, if true, then both NDE and OBE are interpretations of what our unconscious brain believes it is experiencing. Consider, could NDE, for example, be how our dying brain interprets subcortical stimuli suggesting that it's experiencing death...as proceeding to a place or state where other deceased individuals have gone or, possibly, reside?
  14. When humans develop a means or method that is more efficient at filtering or removing interstitial cell waste from our brain than that provided by millions of years of brain evolution. By relative volume of our total body weight (about 5%), our brain is the largest consumer of our overall energy uptake (about 20%). That sizable uptake produces cell waste that must be removed from the brain for it to function efficiently. Sleep, as the least active state of brain function, has evolved as the most efficient state for cell waste removal. NREM, specifically, is that state when our brain produces little to no cell waste. During NREM, our brain volume shrinks about 6% as its ventricles widen to facilitate the process of extracellular waste removal (Glypmhatic System). If we think more clearly, have better concentration and memory after a good sleep, it's because our brain functions better when unobstructed by the byproducts of its metabolic processes. Therefore, insomnia and lack of proper sleep is very much like physical constipation and all the deleterious connotations and brain effects that implies.
  15. DrmDoc


    Apologies for this delayed response. Although our dreams may seem profoundly significant, dreaming isn't the most significant aspect of the sleep process. Actually, what occurs before and after each cycle of dreaming is more important to brain health and mental acuity than understanding what your dream experience or content may signify. Wakeful brain activity, which is both consciousness and dreaming, requires energy that produces cell waste. For our brain to function efficiently that waste must be removed, which is what occurs more efficiently during the sleep process when the brain is not dreaming. We experience several cycles of dreaming that increase in length as the sleep process progresses. During the earlier cycles of this process, we experience longer stages of non-dreaming (NREM) sleep as our brain works to remove the extracellular waste produced by wakeful brain activity. Dreaming cycles are shorter during this period as sort of a neural test of our brain's sustain connectivity after each period of waste removal. This connectivity test effectively increases blood flow and oxygen to the brain, which arouses our brain's cognitive and perceptual centers. Our dreams are a narrative of what our brain believes it is perceiving during these periods of cognition and perception. Although you do not believe you were stressed when you were experiencing your lucid dreams, your dreams suggest that you were. Understand that dreams are unconscious interpretations of experience; therefore, they are interpretation of experiences that may not have reached your conscious awareness...like being stressed and not being consciously aware that you were.