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  1. Today I Learned

    Hello, Drk. I stumbled across two new words recently: one was " catachresis ", which is relevant to " phase " and " faze "; the other is "ultracrepidarianism " which could apply to a few people in these forums ( not including you, of course..ha,ha.. but definitely including me ). You may already be familiar with these words but, if you aren't, and knowing your interest in Greek and Latin, i think you might be interested in their etymology. http://www.dictionary.com/browse/ultracrepidarianism
  2. Consciousness and Evolution

    This too: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herd_mentality
  3. Today I Learned

    Sorry, A. I think there has been a bit of miscommunication here - two countries separated by the same language. When i wrote " on railway-line " that was my pun. Here in little England, we don't say " railroad tracks " but we do say " railway lines ". If you were English you would probably have thought that my pun was the greatest, funniest pun ever invented! Can i give you another great pun: ....... it seems we had a crossed-line. Do i get the prize now, or will i be "punished " for not being funny?
  4. Interference vs. Lensing

    Thanks again - especially for the great link.
  5. Interference vs. Lensing

    Thank you both. May i also ask, is it possible that light from a very distant source could be affected so many times by lensing ( a sort of slalom effect ) that it would be very difficult, if not impossible, to trace that light back to its source?
  6. Interference vs. Lensing

    Could gravitational lensing be the same effect as described by Fermat's principle, or by refraction, as both describe the deflection of light passing from one medium to another of a different density? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fermat's_principle P.S. I'm sure you both don't need the link but someone else like myself might.
  7. Welcome to the upgraded SFN

    Thanks, Cap'n. All's well that ends well. ( I'm using my smartphone now).
  8. Welcome to the upgraded SFN

    Ha, ha. Thanks.
  9. Consciousness and Evolution

    Thanks, dimreepr. I must admit i felt as though i was walking into the lions' den with my post. Anyway, you are right, culture does involve us all and can become a common feature of the consciousness of each individual, but there are differing elements to consciousness that are unique to different people. If all goes well, each human brain is born with roughly the same psychological apparatus required for developing and sustaining consciousness, and if i could liken this apparatus to a suitcase, we all have a similar suitcase and lots of things we pack into it are things that everybody else might pack, but some things we pack are unique to ourselves: an Inuit grandmother wouldn't have packed exactly the same things as a Korean dictator. I think that's where the individuality comes into the equation. At the moment, Gees and i hold different opinions as to whether it is consciousness per se that evolves or it is the capacity to be conscious that evolves and then accumulates consciousness. In other words, as i presently see it, the suitcase evolves but the contents of the suitcase accumulate. Either one of could be right or wrong. Thank you too,Tar. Even if i'm wrong, we can sometimes see the truth by seeing what is false.What i've underlined in your quote above is exactly what i was trying to get at. However, i have to add that i don't think that that is the be all and the end all of the matter: identity/self also needs examining further, ( especially that word " separates " ), but i think i have gone far enough into the lions' den just now.
  10. Consciousness and Evolution

    Although i agree with Gee that it is more important to understand consciousness rather than try to define it, i'll act as a guinea-pig and, just for arguments sake, offer-up this short attempt at one subjective definition: The content of my consciousness is all my life-experiences: my upbringing, my education, my environment, and all the other influences brought to bear on me, and this creates my sense of identity. Without that content there is no self-consciousness, and that content is my consciousness so, at the risk of being ridiculed, i will here define consciousness as identity. Be gentle with me.
  11. Today I Learned

    Shouldn't you have said " on railway-line " pun?
  12. Welcome to the upgraded SFN

    I think it was most likely caused by what i've underlined in your quote above - apart from the problem with the SFN Homepage, the rest of the phone was perfectly fine and, after all, the problem did start the first time i used the phone, then still with W8, after the latest SFN update.It would be interesting to know if anybody else is still using W8 on their phone and having the same problem that i did. Thanks again SJ.
  13. Welcome to the upgraded SFN

    Re the ScienceForums Home page crashing the browser on my Windows8 phone. Thanks again, StringJunky. As a last resort, i followed your advice, updated to W10 and everything is back to normal. Re the ScienceForums Home page crashing the browser on my Windows8 phone. Even though all the software on my phone was up-to-date, StringJunky, who also has a Windows phone, advised me to upgrade the whole OS to Windows10 and that solved the problem right away. Still don't know what caused it though. Thanks to you both for your readiness to help.
  14. Welcome to the upgraded SFN

    Thanks. Seems like the " Who's Online " problem might just be fixed now. I'll sign off right away and see if my name does disappear from the online list. Edit: Yes, my name does vanish now when i sign-off. Just that phone now! I'll post here again if i ever solve the mystery of the crashing browser.
  15. Welcome to the upgraded SFN

    Done that, iNow. And, believe it or not, i managed to make things worse for myself! Last night, i downloaded something called " SurfCube 3D Browser " (for free ) and it actually worked for a while until that crashed too - before i had time to sign-out from the SF website! Now my name is permanently on the Who's Online list! I've e-mailed the Administrators about this so we'll see what happens. What is very strange is that the browsers only crash when i try to get onto the SF website Home page - every other website loads as normal. Weird. As i said to StringJunky, it looks like a new phone is needed - maybe i'll try Android this time. I shouldn't really be complaining about something so trivial though, seeing what's happening to people in your part of the world. The weather here in England is pretty bad but it's nothing compared with Irma.