# Buffer solution

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the mole ratio of acid: salt in production of an acidic buffer solution is between 1/10 to 10/1.

5mol HCOOH + 5mol KOH isn't a buffer solution, why?

1mol HCOOH + 1mol HCOOK is a buffer solution, why?

Edited by mundane
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What happens if you mix both. In first case what do you get and in second case what do you get. Compare the two results.

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A buffer solution is an equilibrium mixture of either a (weak) acid and its conjugate base or a (weak) base and its conjugate acid.

So firstly you need to identify the acids, bases and conjugates in the two situations and whether they are strong or weak ?

Have you done this ?

Edited by studiot
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On 10/17/2020 at 8:52 PM, mundane said:

the mole ratio of acid: salt in production of an acidic buffer solution is between 1/10 to 10/1.

5mol HCOOH +Tell us more about what your goals are regarding buffers, then we can maybe get to some conclusion.  5mol KOH isn't a buffer solution, why?

1mol HCOOH + 1mol HCOOK is a buffer solution, why?

Who said that the above is true?? I make buffers every day. Tell us what your goals are regarding buffers then we can get somewhere.

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• 3 weeks later...
Quote

A buffer solution (more precisely, pH buffer or hydrogen ion buffer) is an aqueous solution consisting of a mixture of a weak acid and its conjugate base, or vice versa

On 10/18/2020 at 3:52 AM, mundane said:

the mole ratio of acid: salt in production of an acidic buffer solution is between 1/10 to 10/1.

5mol HCOOH + 5mol KOH isn't a buffer solution, why?

1mol HCOOH + 1mol HCOOK is a buffer solution, why?

In first case will be a neutralization reaction between a weak acid and a strong base

5 mol HCOOH+5mol KOH=5 mol HCOOK+5 mol HOH

Products are a salt (a conjugate  base  of a weack acid )and water

6 mol HCOOH+5 mol KOH=1 mol HCOOH+5 mol HCOOK+5 mol HOH  is a buffer solution

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