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Everything posted by CharonY

  1. For that, it is important to look at per capita emission. Every person is going to contribute, but how much depends on the system they are in. High-income countries tend to have a higher carbon footprint, but certain countries, such as Canada, Australia and US are pretty high on that list, as are certain Middle Eastern country. An important driver seems to be the source for electricity, where many European countries have done more to reduce emissions.
  2. I think the issue is that we have known that it was coming for decades. With some sort of addressing the issue back then the impact could have been larger with modest changes. The urgency now is really driven but the fact that weather patterns seem to change within our lifetime whether it is true or not. Sure, we likely can leave it to future generations to sort out. However empirically we have seen that without urgency we won't do anything. And heck even with, we barely care. I mean, who notices 6 million or more deaths, nowadays anymore?
  3. Here is the report on the analyses: https://zenodo.org/record/7754299 with a preface from the authors, discussing the unusual situation. In addition to potential pressure from the Chinese government, there is also the possibility of issues with data sharing. In an ideal system, open data sharing in science would be the norm. The issue is that it puts researchers with heavy data generation components at a distinct disadvantage and I think that worldwide there is no funding system that I am aware of that really takes that into account.
  4. OP asks about biology. There is no way that biology can be used to determine nationality.
  5. Both, very young women as well as older women are at higher risk. However, in larger studies the highest risk groups appears to be in women above 30. The risk in younger women, has been shown to drop with better care. I believe a study referred to the risk as a "J" shape (as opposed to an "U" shape). I think that varies a lot, depending on country and associated care. I do not remember the details very well, so I would have to check, if interested. But I believe that on average in the US the first and second deliveries had lower risk than a high number (five or more). However, it has since then be argued that high number of pregnancies are associated with factors that also correlated with lack of health care access (e.g. income and region). In part this is supported by the observation that first pregnancies in low care settings (but I do not recall whether it was a US study) is also associated with higher mortality.
  6. It should be noted that a international group of folks looked at the data and found racoon dog DNA.
  7. Moreover, regardless of obesity, maternal death is mostly preventable. Additional care is often needed for obese mothers, but lack of access to this care is ultimately the key element. And although I presume that this is not the rationale behind the post, these line of reasoning have often been used to explain care discrepancies (i.e. putting the onus on the individual), whereas the effect of structural elements are much more pertinent.
  8. Psst. I am old. I probably would have added myspace, too.
  9. Oh no, the US system is bad however you look at it. It is just shows that it is disproportionately bad for certain disadvantaged folks. I.e. there is extra badness baked into the issues on top.
  10. I am focusing on infant mortality as I recall at least the rough order of magnitudes. In some US states (again, before the pandemic) black infant death rates in some states (e.g. Kansas, Lousiana etc.) were up to 16 per 100 (average around 10 or so). That is roughly in the range of countries like the West Bank, Honduras, Mongolia etc. However it is way lower than e.g. India, South Africa or Eritrea for example (around 30ish, as a side note, many Island countries, including African ones are doing remarkably well relative to their wealth). Overall Africa is probably not a good comparison for these measures, as a while back they were topping the list in terms of infant mortality, but by now they also have countries with the highest improvements in that measure. I.e. the infant mortality does not yet seem to flatten out. In contrast in the US the numbers have been flat for a long time. There have been some increases in infant mortality which might be correlated with economic downturns (again, before the pandemic). Also, another study I read showed that highest income black women had similar birth outcomes as the poorest white women. This gap has been well-known for quite a while and quite a few have historically taken the stance that it is because of genetics (certain folks were heavily promoting the perceived physiological differences of black folks). As it now turns out, and a bit related to the Academies of Science report I linked elsewhere, much of it is down to underservicing especially black communities, but to a worrying degree the quality of care specifically black women receive. There are quite a bit of stereotypes out there, ranging from race-based assumptions of pain tolerance, drug abuse and other myths, resulting in some cases wrong treatments. It is one of the reason why EDI in research is getting so many voices, as these issues can creep into day to day activities that are hard to measure. I mean, certain folks get threatened by black folks, regardless of their political leanings (socially black folks tend to be more conservative, but obviously many do not want to align themselves to slavery apologists or consider them thugs). But at the same time they used to be more disenfranchised and were less likely to vote. Among certain younger folks that might be changing, but I rather think that folks just overall don't care them and like to put the blame on genetics or just general inferiority (making bad choices or something like that). That would also explain the hatred for CRT, despite the fact that this framework actually reduces the view on individual racism and points more to structural failings (e.g. under resourced hospitals in black communities).
  11. There were several initiatives from the Chinese CDC to look for sources in 2020 and they took various samples from the market itself, including animals. Why they have been released and then removed is anyone's guess at this point. Whether they found animal DNA, well that depends on which traces have been found and matched to racoon dog, if they looked for wrong markers (or not at all) they may have not found it in the first place. I.e. it could simply be sloppy work, which is not unheard of in high-throughput sequencing, and considering under which pressures the initial analyses were done. The issue with authoritarian and non-transparent government is that it is often really difficult to distinguish malice from incompetence (also note that during that time of initial sampling lab-leaks were not high on list of likely scenarios yet).
  12. What is mortifying to me, when I saw those data years back is the discrepancy between black and white women, even if accounting for income (I think it also incorporated infant deaths). I don't recall the exact numbers anymore, but essentially the outcome were not very different from many developing countries. The pandemic then made it worse.
  13. What I find fascinating is that the tactics of creating these alternate realities is straight up from Goebbel's strategy book. And this includes terms and tactics like isolating folks from "mainstream media (Luegenpresse)", rile against social Marxism (whatever that is) and so on. There is barely a change in wording. It is so weird that with all the knowledge of our past, we collectively forget things just like that.
  14. New analysis of SARS-CoV-2 positive swabs indicated heavy presence of racoon dog DNA, suggesting that those (illegally) sold animals adds weight to the suggestion of the market as a possible spillover source. https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2023/03/covid-origins-research-raccoon-dogs-wuhan-market-lab-leak/673390/
  15. Thank you for that. Now I have the idea of Florida as a kind of porous East Germany in my mind. I doubt that control will be anywhere near that level, but at the same time I think it will galvanize a certain subset of folks who want to believe (like the hardcore communists in the East Bloc). And following iNow's line of thinking it is likely more about getting folks emotionally riled up to show up to elections (especially local ones, I would guess). But I do like the change in perspective inasmuch that even a fully authoritarian government can only do so much to brainwash folks. And to be fair, facebook is probably doing the heavy lifting here.
  16. The governor of Florida (who is likely going to be a presidential candidate) has banned what he essentially called "woke" topics from textbooks. Often with rather unclear guidelines https://abcnews.go.com/US/textbook-publishers-left-dark-florida-rejects-long-list/story?id=84244697 After math textbooks, apparently social studies are next on line and publishers are trying to sanitize US history https://www.nytimes.com/2023/03/16/us/florida-textbooks-african-american-history.html including removing mentioning of race in the account of the arrest of Rosa Parks. Overtly, this is of course an attempt to galvanize the base, but also a clear attack on academic freedom (which is far more limited in K12 ), using authoritarian tactics. To me, it also seems like an attempt to brainwash the youth into a narrow mindset that would make them amenable to GOP ideology. I am now wondering if folks have any thoughts or insights into how effective (and lawful) these tactics are going to be?
  17. Can you provide an example? The report focuses mostly on race and adjacent factors as there is a well-documented history of issues. The general thrust of the argument is to incorporate more detailed measurable parameters rather than pre-classifications. So a study would try to factor in things like income or perhaps other well-studied wealth indicators, rather using a more vague classifier such as "working class". Unless, of course it is well defined via other parameters. There may also be good ways to incorporate ethnicity, it is just that the practice has been highly problematic resulting in non-reproducible outcomes (in good scenarios) to devastating misunderstandings and resultant harm in medical practice.
  18. Recently we had a discussion on nature vs nurture in this forum and I have mentioned the difficulties of looking at complex traits as directly and firmly genetically linked. Specifically I mentioned the misuse of race and ethnic groups in this context. Now I cam a cross a publication of the National Academies which elaborates on this issue: https://nap.nationalacademies.org/26902 A summary can be found here: https://www.nationalacademies.org/news/2023/03/researchers-need-to-rethink-and-justify-how-and-why-race-ethnicity-and-ancestry-labels-are-used-in-genetics-and-genomics-research-says-new-report Much of it is a call for more precision, but also highlight the harm of misconceptions which can arise from sloppy work.
  19. Which is basically the situation as it already is. So much noise that the signal is lost (for many).
  20. I think it has become part of regular media diet at this point. During the height of the pandemic we had a roundtable and a lot of the discussions were based on youtube videos. These videos are basically designed to make you feel that things are plausible or that you have learned something, without really conveying any factual information. And I think that very few folks are equipped to deal with it. I see that increasingly also among college students. It almost seems that folks around GenX and older millenials are a tad more critical, while social media consuming baby boomers and GenYers seem more vulnerable to believe the most outrageous nonsense.
  21. I think the COVID-19 pandemic has shown that reality does not matter much anymore. What is one more person on that heap? In the olden days there may have been a discussion to be had, but at this point one might as well yell at clouds.
  22. Actually studies show a marked difference in the causes of homelessness based on age. Those that became homeless at an older age (suggesting that they had security before), cataclysmic events seem to be most associated with homelessness. In younger folks, enduring household and other systemic issues (abuse, conflict with parents, neglect, being placed out of home etc) are more common. common. https://doi.org/10.1176/ps.2009.60.4.465 That is to say, the pattern of elderly homelessness seems to be more heterogenous. I think the question is probably a bit vague, but there are likely studies looking at financial issues and the impact of social security systems in preventing homelessness. Edit: but I think there some level distinction that need to be made. There is evidence that buffer programs, where safety net provide fast financial relief have a big impact on likelihood of homelessness https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aag0833 However, some elderly have trouble adjusting to significant changes in their life that may not be financial in nature. In these cases, a supportive social environment or e.g. counselling might have a stronger impact to prevent further spiraling.
  23. I would think that it depends a lot on the individual. We moved a lot when I was young, so for a while there was no real sense of a real home. My memory is quite detailed, though, mostly because it was fairly cold. I think studies suggest that elderly folks who become homeless often suffered from some event that makes them spiral into homelessness. I think some of the frequent factors include loss of partner or job.
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