Gamma ray bursts fully explained:
The explosion is driven by the energy in the gravitational field when the material becomes massless! (100% mass defect!)
A "neutron" star is >11.5 km in radius. This is <6900 times smaller than Jupiter.
This is what would be expected if it were made entirely of material with atomic mass<13800
It's also possible that the neutron star has a dense core of atomic mass 16384 surrounded by a material of atomic mass 8192.
atomic mass 8192
atomic number: 1215
Density: 2.35 * 10^14 g/cm^3
Pressure: 3.1 * 10^28 bar
atomic mass 16384
atomic number 1808
Density: 1.55 * 10^15 g/cm^3
Pressure: 3.35 * 10^29 bar
Atomic mass as a function of atomic number:
atomic mass = (Atomic number)^2/256 + 2 * atomic number + x (x goes rapidly to zero after element 96)
G * (density g/cm^3 ) * (4/3) * 3.14159 * (radius km) in g = 9.4 * 10^10 g
Pressure at top of dense core:
0.5 * 11 km * (3.1 * 10^14 g/cm^3) * (9.4 * 10^10 ) * (9.8 m/sec^2) in bar = 1.5 * 10^28 bar
The density of a neutron star = 3 * 10^14 g/cm^3
Gravitational binding energy of a neutron star is one tenth of its rest Mass
3 * G * (1 solar mass)^2/(5 * 10 km) = 0.1 solar mass
A typical Quasar emits 1 solar mass of energy per year. The biggest emit 100 times more.
Over a billion years about 10^10 solar masses.
Thats the gravitational binding energy of a 100,000 solar mass 900 meter neutron star.
( 3 * G * (10^5 solar mass)^2/(5 * 900 m))/c^2
If the quasar is made of element 65,536 (7.55 * 10^22 bar) with atomic mass 16,777,216 (2^6 in size) then it would be expected to be 9 meters and 0.122 solar masses.
The density might be 10,000 times less than expected due to the mass defect.
That would allow it to be 100 times bigger therefore 10 solar masses but with the active gravitational mass of 100,000 solar masses
The last 10 solar masses might be released in the final gamma ray burst.
The resulting material would be massless and unaffected by gravity.
Being massless it would explode outward releasing the energy stored in the gravitational field (10^10 solar masses) and turning itself into a 2 dimensional sheet.
The sheets kinetic energy is converted to matter and antimatter.
The final size of the sheet might be around 1000 au.
Surface area: 10^22 times earth surface area
It does not emit light even at extremely high temperatures.
It does however emit considerable thermal energy as gravity waves.
The final orbitals may well be infinitely incompressible.
All matter within the sheet is attracted very strongly toward a remarkably flat central plane.
Very much like a liquid membrane.
It is as though there were a tiny drop of liquid at the very center of every proton or neutron.
The strong force pulls everything (matter or antimatter) toward the surface membrane of that drop.
When the final core collapse occurs all of these liquid drops merge into one giant drop.
The entire core of the quasar now finds itself inside one giant drop.
The sheet ends up only one particle thick with the particles straddling the fluid membrane and therefore experiencing zero force,
Left to itself the fluid forms a very nearly perfect sphere.
This means that like repels like for active gravitational mass just as it does for electric charges.
Passive gravitational mass on the other hand does the opposite of what one would expect and completely changes the nature of gravity