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Everything posted by cladking

  1. I once had a TV that I had needed to repair several times. Like so many such things it was highly "quirky' and required experience to even operate. When it went out "completely" the picture was replaced by two narrow horizontal lines across the center. The sound still worked so before I bought a new TV I would continue to use it once in a while for old movies or the like. One day an ad I had never seen before was on and before they said the phone number I knew what it was. It took me a while to figure out how I knew but if I looked at the bottom of the screen and quickly looked upward I'd get a pretty good image of the entire picture. So I got a piece of glass and flipped it up and down in front of the screen rapidly and it worked. I even motorized the glass for optimum viewing. I bought a new TV anyway.
  2. It's always been assumed that there wasn't a single Ancient Language as is suggested in some ancient sources and necessary for my hypotheses about pyramid construction and why the evidence hasn't been seen despite it's ubiquitousness and vast array as to type. "Proto-indo-european" languages may well have all arisen from a single vocabulary that I call Ancient Language which like animal languages was representative, digital, and lacked abstractions. There is growing reason to believe our interpretations of the oldest writing is misinterpreted and mistranslated. There is growing evidence that there was a single global language with very few words. https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg23230990-700-in-search-of-the-very-first-coded-symbols/ We don't so much experience "evidence" as we see what we expect to see. Ancient people simply didn't think like we do. "the second moment after he saw N (the dead king) , the second moment after he perceived N (the dead king)." The Pyramid Texts: The Pyramid Texts: 6. Mostly Serpent Charms, Utterances 226-243 (sacred-texts.com)
  3. I heard an unsubstantiated report that a B17 flying in formation suddenly glowed and disintegrated. It was reported lost to enemy fire. I've watched for ball lightning under all sorts of conditions my entire life. Ironically I was only a few hundred yards away when a machine operator told me he had just seen what looked like a bright ball bounce off a metallic pile and then settle back and disappear.
  4. Finally something on which we can agree. If I can say that.
  5. There are numerous ways to "cheat" gravity. We can throw ourselves forward and using our legs to convert the momentum to lifting. Essentially we can use most of our muscles to lift ourselves rather than just those designed for the task. As you get older you find that such tricks are less a luxury and more a necessity. Where you were once able to leap to your feet from a prone position in one single movement you'll find that six or eight movements become needed. They say if you can get up in two or fewer movements you won't die for five years. It's been a long time though since I could do it in two. I don't believe there are "laws of physics" but I certainly believe a set amount of work is required to left weight and this amount is fixed. Efficiency can vary widely though no matter what means is employed.
  6. I can not properly address these questions in someone else's thread. I have threads around in which I'd be happy to address them. So far as ancient technology; it is everywhere. They didn't invent agriculture based on Darwinian beliefs. They didn't use first year physics to calculate the ideal angle for "ramps". They made fantastic shapes like the tri lobed disc of Sabu by unknown means and for unknown reasons. While they had almost no words in their language most of the nouns (which all invention would need) have no known referent. It is hardly logical to assume they lacked sophistication and used primitive means when the artefacts are mostly mysterious. This goes many times over since most of the surviving artefacts are stone clearly implying objects made of more perishable materials are lost. Other than a few lines from Sumeria that Might be more hyperbole and fiction than reality there is no recorded history from prior to 2000 BC. All this missing writing about science, technology, and history are necessary to understanding ancient technology. Ancient technology may be only explicable in terms of ancient science and this does not survive. Instead we have mostly incomprehensible writing like the "book of the dead" from many centuries after the invention of writing, the advent of history, or the end of the era after which all these mysteries and artifacts arose. How did ancient people before written history exist? How did they survive and most importantly, how did they accumulate the knowledge which is clearly evident in archaeological excavations? This is the question here.
  7. Yes!!! We are exceedingly arrogant. We see our beliefs preferentially to everything and mistake these beliefs for omniscience.
  8. We are led by our beliefs and the beliefs that we are exactly like our ancestors has led us for centuries. It did not lead the inventors of modern science and it did not lead early scientists. If we are wrong then we are off the rails. I believe the subject of this thread is critically important to the continuation of the human race. Perhaps you think that because I refer to us as "homo omnisciencis" that I have no respect for us. Far from it! Our ability to survive (and eventually prosper) despite knowing everything shows a great deal of character and countless positive traits. YOU believe that the ability to survive is good genes and fitness but I do not. I believe that for us it is science and before science was invented it was ancient technology. I believe looking for the science that gave rise to this technology is a very important endeavor and I await Einy and The Greeks' interpretation of evidence. Just seeing what his focus is will be exceedingly interesting to me.
  9. This is Einy and The Greeks thread so I'm not going to get into science based on logic and observation instead of experiment and observation. But the technology is everywhere. "Agriculture" was a very highly complex and multidisciplinary technology. They didn't cultivate a few crops or animals as non-human animals have but dozens of different types of plants and animals. They mined and refined metals and created alloys. They worked all sorts of stone with results that are impossible to duplicate today. They invented cities and built megaliths all over the world. Most of their accomplishments are unknown as to the means, metaphysics or science. Little survives from before 2000 BC because it has all rotted away so we can only imagine the technology that might be in evidence had it not. Ancient people all believed their ancestors were wise and powerful and that their science and technology had been lost. All that survived were crafts and those things that could be passed down father to son or journeyman to apprentice. If there were any science then there was necessarily metaphysics. It is impossible to know highly complex science simply by being expert or through observation, trial and error, or referral to authority.
  10. No. No experiments because experimental science hadn't been invented yet. The Greeks were successful because they were free and were excellent observers. Yes, they obviously staged observations which is extremely similar to experiment but it misses the mark. Ancient people left numerous clues to how they invented their technology but we don't think as they did. They invented agriculture using a different kind of science that generated a different sort of technology. It is very difficult to see because all our assumptions are wrong and we can't think like they did. We are for all practical purposes a different species than homo sapiens. I call us homo omnisciencis because we are so different even though anatomical differences are slight. Seek the metaphysics and you can find the basis of the technology. I'm not sure of your meaning. I believe all knowledge is "good" and leads to "understanding" which allows "creation". Ancient science would just be another tool we might use; perhaps a very valuable tool. It should at the very least lead to a much better understanding of natural systems and the prediction of outcomes we cause. Sounds interesting. Nothing interests me more than finding ancient knowledge buried in ancient texts or right in plain sight. It's funny how until a few centuries ago everyone believed ancient people were wise and powerful. Somehow they became stinky footed bumpkins today.
  11. "Technology" today is an outgrowth of things seen in lab experiments. The Greeks had no experiments so any technology more complex than the observation that water runs downhill was unlikely for them. If you want to find ancient science you need to look for the source of ancient technology. Unfortunately all your sources appear to be corruptions of original writing so the science would be very difficult to see here. Any science you find will necessarily correspond to ancient technology and ancient knowledge, not to modern experimental science.
  12. No. It's most probably not true. Newton studied the pyramids largely because he thought the builders knew the size of the earth (probably true) and he needed the data to test his theory of gravity. While he never found it he did ironically translate the Emerald Tablets of Hermes from Syriac to English. He was truly a remarkable man. He couldda moved heaven and earth if he had google. 😎
  13. I can't defend the idea "intelligence" exists on earth but the word appears (per Mercer) in the oldest writing known to man; 1701a. To say: Nun has begotten N. on his left hand 1701b. a child; the intelligence of N. is not. 1701c. N. is freed from the evil gods; 1701d. N. is not given to the evil gods. https://www.sacred-texts.com/egy/pyt/pyt47.htm It appears twice in fact; 411a. N. is disgusted when he licks the emetics which are in the red crown, 411b. (but) he is delighted when their magic is in his belly. 411'c. The dignities of N. shall not be taken from him, 411d. (for) he has swallowed the intelligence of every god. 412a. The lifetime of N. is eternity, its limit is everlastingness While the text dates only to ~2400 BC it is believed by Egyptologists to have been composed many centuries earlier and might even pre-date writing. "Intelligence" may have meant something just a little different to the writers of this work and they certainly used the word "heart" in many instances we'd use the word "head". Some individuals simply think a great deal faster than others and some are more adept at coming up with useful ideas. I should think even animals display and note differences in the speed and importance (accuracy) of "thought".
  14. I don't rebut that. My point is that we don't know everything about anything. This leaves open the possibility that our ignorance is far broader and deeper than anyone can imagine. Even a butterfly can use hot air rising from a fire to gain altitude but that hardly means he "understands" any kind of scientific theory whatsoever. Yes. Additionally to not being able to predict the future due to chaos and subtle effects we obviously don't even know all the fundamental "laws" which govern any event.
  15. To quantify an "event" and then predict what are its effects it is necessary to quantify every effect of that event including the trajectory of each subatomic particle.
  16. Thank you for taking the time to explain that but you lost me early. By "not being able to quantify anything at all" I merely meant that no event can occur in which all variables will ever be quantifiable. We quantify conditions or possibilities using as much knowledge as we can. But words and thought are much more events than conditions. Good luck in your work.
  17. If I understand you correctly (I'm not at all sure) then our positions are not so very different. In light in the fact that we essentially exist as individuals by virtue of our ability to recognize patterns then how could it be possible to not have philosophy? So long as we use words to think how could it ever be possible to quantify words? Our primary agreement I think is that we see the quantifiable as the basis of reality but, then I don't believe we'll ever have enough knowledge to quantify anything at all.
  18. I'm a big fan of science as well. It is the chief means by which we can arrive at true knowledge; visceral knowledge. Any philosophy that denies free will or the life, liberty, and happiness.In practice there are always trade-offs but this is politics, not philosophy. Only individuals think or come up with new ideas. Only when an idea becomes theory can it benefit science or people. Of course we do! If our models were identical we'd come to the same conclusions and make the same predictions. There are even sexual differences such as women tending to navigate by landmarks and men routes. Many scientists believe philosophy is irrelevant (different models). Yes, we explore roots and meaning but most of this exploration is really uncovering language. A perspective from outside of language can not be found easily. Even when we look at something from a new angle or step outside the box we take language with us. In very real ways "I think therefore I am" is the root of science but thought as we know it doesn't exist outside of language. Seen from this angle philosophy becomes navel gazing and science just so much lint. I'm surprised you'd dispute the idea that scientists believe in laws of nature. Logic is logic. It behaves no laws per se but rather just is. Math is the same thing but is quantized rather than manifested logic.
  19. "History warns us that it is the customary fate of new truths to begin as heresies and to end as superstitions" I am not suggesting that real science is wrong about everything or anything. I am merely saying that science looks at everything from the same perspective which is reductionistic and dependent on definitions and axioms. Since all ideas and all progress are individual it is also dependent on models and language for all practical purposes. Just because 2 + 2 = 2 x 2 does not make our models correct or like one another. Each of us has a unique model and each of us sees the interrelatedness of scientific and mathematical knowledge but this can't make any of us correct about anything either. Philosophy falls by the wayside because everyone's understanding is solid, so who needs mere words to ruin the wonderful symmetry found in nature? Of course the problem is we have no roots in anything except beliefs, language, and ephemeral definitions and meaning of language. We have no roots except our models constructed from our interpretation of the reality disclosed by proper experiment. "Philosophy" becomes irrelevant when our understanding is complete. I am saying that philosophy could contain a broader perspective if it had a vocabulary with fixed definitions but mostly I am saying that any philosophy that marginalizes individuals is evil.
  20. Just as for most people who believe all of reality behaves laws of nature, is mathematical, and reducible to/by induction, I believe none of this. Just as they believe that these "laws" must underlie all of science and philosophy I believe that the laws are illusory and a laboratory manifestation of the logic which underlies existence itself. Just as they believe observation, experiment, and history all support their beliefs, I believe they are misinterpreting everything and failing to see the role of language in data acquisition from the earliest times through today. I came to Wittgenstein's conclusions largely from another direction but more importantly I found extensive direct evidence that our perspective is not only unique but also highly limiting. "Science", our science, requires few definitions and axioms but all our philosophy at this time require extensive givens and premises. For this reason philosophy often doesn't dovetail with experimental results and state of the art. It is often irrelevant to most scientists who tend to have nuts and bolts philosophys. Nobody cares about why an equation works but when I point out the failings and shortcomings of beliefs in laws of nature or the role of thought and language which underlie these beliefs it is considered off topic. "Philosophy" and applied science have largely failed to keep up with the times and this is largely caused by the failure to build on the work of previous greats. This failure is, I believe, the result of the inability of language to accurately reflect very highly complex inductions or complex thought. It's impossible to build on what isn't properly understood while every listener has a different understanding. Such problems can be redressed but this won't happen so long as we each believe we understand or so long as it is believed that philosophy is irrelevant.
  21. The whole modern conception of the world is founded on the illusion that the so-called laws of nature are the explanations of natural phenomena. Thus people today stop at the laws of nature, treating them as something inviolable, just as God and Fate were treated in past ages. And in fact both were right and both wrong; though the view of the ancients is clearer insofar as they have an acknowledged terminus, while the modern system tries to make it look as if everything were explained. — Wittgenstein, Tractatus, 6.371-2 I could expand on this statement but, oddly enough, it would all be considered off topic. My point remains that there is good and bad philosophy regardless of whether any part of it is inductive or deductive. It is simply irrelevant that science and/ or philosophy can be "strictly" deductive. There's a whole nother world beyond reductionism and induction but it lies outside of the way people think. It's not necessarily better or worse but it is different and provides a broad spectrum of different perspectives. Wittenstein apparently could see this world and arrived there principally through deduction.
  22. It is the crux of my every argument. There are no two cats alike so therefore it follows not more than a single "cat" can exist. "Cats" can't exist because there can be no hard and fast definition to put all things into the categories of "cats" and "not cats". For instance at what exact point does a pregnant cat become "two cats"?
  23. I remember when I gave it up as a child. That it was hard was certainly known to me but had little to do with why I quit it. Certainly intuition is orders of magnitude faster and easier though honing that intuition required far more effort than I'd have ever predicted. I gave it all up principally because I realized that none of life's important questions could ever be addressed through science in my lifetime but also because I never wanted to believe something that wasn't true and it's quite apparent that induction can lead straight to such beliefs. I don't believe that any amount of poison that might or might not have been consumed can possibly have any effect at all on the population of felines because there's no such thing as "cats" and the question lies outside my metaphysics. While inductive reasoning has been around for only 4000 years, science has been around for only 400. I am not rejecting "science" but merely the interpretations based on taxonomies. Reality can be seen through experiment though only the narrowest spectra at a time. The real irony here is that I believe we can't see 40,000 years of deduction based science that was supplanted by induction based on taxonomies that led us through many centuries of dark ages and may now be leading us back into a new one. Again though the subject is good and bad philosophy. False taxonomies, bad science, and poor metaphysics can easily drive a bad philosophy; So, too, can beliefs that are not consistent with the point of philosophy; to better humans and to better understand our humanity both collectively and individually. I am holding out certain yardsticks and definitions against which almost any philosophy can be measured and adjudged. All philosophy is not created equally and much of it ruinous to not only the philosopher but to everyone. One can't practice real science by means of any sort of philosophy but I do agree that at this juncture our science is still highly dependent on inductive reasoning. This will remain true until we know a great deal more but in the meantime, I believe it is critically important that we each consider the degree to which our thinking is dependent on definitions and axioms.
  24. I don't like inductive reasoning but that's NOT the point. I don't like it for myself because I don't believe in taxonomies. I wouldn't mind it in others except almost invariably they lose sight of the definitions, axioms, and premises upon which the results depend. But this still isn't my point neither is the fact that many other including the Nacenes believe the Tree of Life is the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. My point is merely that "good Philosophy" must be logical and not contradict known fact. It MUST serve man and his needs. It must hold people up as the sole good and all that works against people and individuals as EVIL. Any other philosophy is harmful, unimportant, incorrect or some combination of these. My own philosophy is deductive and presumes the fewest possible axioms and avoids taxonomy and induction. I am excluding "look and See Science" and science by consensus. I am excluding all expert opinion and poorly designed experiment. I am excluding experiment that can be interpreted in ways that don't conform to theory. A great deal of what we call "science" simply is not. Explaining observation is not "science"; interpretation of experiment is. We can define the world as flat if we don't mind the math. Reductionistic science works but it might not be the ONLY science.
  25. The ability to use things seen in nature, the lab, or in the bathtub do not confer understanding. Of course if observation does not conform to theory the cause must be reconciled but when observation does conform to theory it does not mean that theory is correct. If I put bird food out and observe what birds come to feed it is hardly an experiment at all and hardly can say much about what types of birds and animals live here or how they interact. Like all words the referent for "experiment" is a continuum from good solid relevance to hardly experiment at all. Experiment design is one of the hardest parts of science and interpretation of experiment is necessarily dependent on the design and axioms. People and animals have been employing and building counterweights for countless millions of years yet we still don't understand the cause of the gravity that allows them to work. Yes and no. Just because we don't notice an anomalous property or find a way to explain the unexpected; just because we can justify all observation with theory don't mean that the axioms are necessarily the simplest ones to use to understand experiment. Since axioms can't be proven or disproven the task isn't to justify them but rather to select the set which explain experiment in the simplest terms. There are red pills and blue pills just as there are red and blue pills. It's also possible to have a single red and blue pill that some might see as red and others as blue. Any pill, every single individual pill, has many names. Why do you suppose a tree would be known by a single name? People get hung up on ideas that come from language and the models they engender. "Philosophy" is no different at all. Just as "experiment" lies on a continuum so too does "philosophy. We each take many beliefs as being axiomatic and then generate an entire "philosophy" around it. We each see what we expect and believe until in time we become those beliefs, never realizing that every individual has a unique perspective that he believes is justified by experiment, religion, or common sense.
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