# Skaffen

Senior Members

34

1. ## Multiple Dimensions

'Dimensions', beyond the intuitive, are mathematical constructs - I have used a conserved (symmetrical) geometric illustration to try and retain a sense of intuition....hopefully to improve communications to further the discussion....a la Feynman - Me making it up (hypothesis) - The Universe is 'conservatively connected' (Tiled) - a spherical object moving through Time traces a torus (or it's 'unstable') e.g. electrons, moons, planets, stars. Only stable systems can underpin/define 'higher' systems/dimensions/geometries/fundamental forces....take your pick...I prefer geometry To 'conservatively evolve' spatial geometries - 1 'multiplies through division' (i.e. half it), rotate through next 'higher/spatial dimension' (e.g line - circle, positive & negative hemispheres), aka 'mathematically squared'. If we 'half n square' up to 6 times from a point we get an 'hourglass' - human observation has recently technologically observed this on a cosmological scale, however it pervades all scales IMO. As for a prediction from my hypothesis - Dark Energy is the angular momentum of the observable Universe and will tend from current estimations of 74% to 75%.....a half squared is a quarter
2. ## Multiple Dimensions

Time is not the 4th dimension - within your concept it is the 1st....without Time there can be no movement and consequently no 'space'. Geometrically 1. Point Particle (Potential) 2. Straight line 3. Circle 4. Sphere 5. Torus 6. 'Hourglass' 7. 'Hourglass' (Wider with less height)....also known as the future. Observation 1. Electron 2. Electron Radius 3. Electron Orbit 4. Atom - Planets/Stellar Objects 5. Galaxy (Hole orbited by Spheres) 6. http://www.physorg.com/news189792839.html Geometrically the translations are performed by halving/dividing and rotating (maintaining conservation). Rotation is a squared function - a half squared is a quarter, which is why Dark Energy is observed to be (currently) 74%...they will find the missing 1% when the measurement improves. Dark Energy is the spin of the observed Universe - just as matter is localised energy through angular momentum.
3. ## time as a condition is space

Time is simply potential - it does not 'require' space (it is the 1st 'dimension'). - Only our observation/measurement of it requires space. Time is only direction, which is why we can only travel through it at varying speeds but not against/counter it. (Travel to the past)
4. ## David Hume

Hume was a Reductionist - later expressed as a recognition in the field of Mathematics by Dirac as 'elegance'. The backdrop for the Scottish Enlightenment was a shifting away from Religious doctrine, in part due to our history with the Vatican. (Vatican supported English dominance over Scotland and at one point threatened the whole nation with ex-communication!) Scottish history is the ideal illustration of the negative effect Religious thought has on individuals and Society via it's removal.
5. ## General Relativity Theory

Complementarity - elaborated in this post: http://www.scienceforums.net/topic/52738-relativity-principle/
6. ## Skaffen

Enlightened Neo-Darwinist

Relativistic Buddhist

Misanthropic Humanist

Lonely Mutalist

8. ## Relativity Principle

from wiki - -"Published by Werner Heisenberg in 1927, the principle means that it is impossible to determine simultaneously both the position and momentum of an electron or any other particle with any great degree of accuracy or certainty. Moreover, the principle is not a statement about the limitations of a researcher's ability to measure particular quantities of a system, but it is a statement about the nature of the system itself as described by the equations of quantum mechanics. Consistency is not the same as objectivity, unless you reduce the Universe to a state of potential. Einstein hinted at the "nature" of the system (Universe), however he did not like the implications and did not accept the probabilistic derivative that is QED and the essence of the Uncertainty Principle. - Key is, however, that he could not offer a better counter point. Furthermore (wiki) - In March 1926, working in Bohr's institute, Heisenberg realized that the non-commutativity implies the uncertainty principle. This was a clear physical interpretation for the non-commutativity, and it laid the foundation for what became known as the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics. Heisenberg showed that the commutation relation implies an uncertainty, or in Bohr's language a complementarity. Copenhagen Interpretation (wiki) - In the earlier work of Planck, Einstein and Bohr himself, discrete quantities of energy had been postulated in order to avoid paradoxes of classical physics when pushed to extremes [bold for chronological emphasis] also from wiki The results of their own burgeoning understanding disoriented Bohr and Heisenberg, and some physicists concluded that human observation of a microscopic event changes the reality of the event. (bold: emphasis of the common misunderstanding)
9. ## Relativity Principle

It is the inability to derive consistent/accurate (physical laws) from an objective frame of reference, as no such state exists. Einsteinian Relativity is the precursor to the Uncertainty Principle (you get to UP via RP). Einstein jumped off the bus but wasn't able to refute Heisenberg....and he tried. The implications of Relativity, such as the Principle of Uncertainty, and consequently QED is hard to take in a single lifetime. We know it to be accurate due to our good fortune of being told so and having it demonstrated throughout our lifetimes.
10. ## Relativity Principle

I won't change semantics as it won't accomplish anything (re "witnessing"). It does mean that objective reality doesn't exist or if so considered can only be reconciled as a potential. This conforms to a Godlike (Infinite) viewpoint which is not evident in our Universe and is addressed in my initial post. The Uncertainty Principle was an implication of the Theory of Relativity - an implication that even Einstein revolted against yet could not counter effectively....we are the tumbling dice that will never come to rest.
11. ## Relativity Principle

A singular frame of reference as we must experience it at any given moment or location. It is not different from anything else it just has profound implications such as; we can only infer the dynamics but never witness them (Uncertainty Principle). The analogy is limited and only in a limited way illustrates our limits.
12. ## Galactic Pairs

Thanks Sisyphus, cool diagram Seems from that diagram that pairing occurs along the Galactic plane . It is obvervable that Galaxies are related along 'superstrings' as measured by the COBE satellite as an aspect of the Universe 'expanding'. It is the nature of this relationship between Galaxies that prompts the question.
13. ## Relativity Principle

When it is reduced to a single point of view, in this case yours, it is similar to adopting a preferred reference frame. A bit like taking a snapshot - you can see everything but the dynamics. I appreciate you can move and take a number of snapshots at different times and infer the dynamics however no single snapshot will give evidence of it.
14. ## Galactic Pairs

I know it doesn't postulate all galaxies come in pairs - that's what I'm trying to find out. It says they often do based on direct observation, which is a limited set. Susskind says all but 1 is moving away from ours - this suggests IMO our galaxy is paired. The Holmberg Effect is a relationship between pairs, considering he was using old tech I was hoping to gain a contemporary view. Preferably building in Dark Energy and the implications it may have for eventual equilibrium.
15. ## Relativity Principle

No, it implies consistent. When you define it as result between 2 points you have objectified it at the expense of all other frames of reference. This limitation is inherent in us and indeed necessary to function on the scales practical to us...it is only an approximation however. Good enough to last 300 years without anyone noticing.
16. ## Galactic Pairs

http://www.astro.uu.se/history/holmberg.html - "A study of double and multiple galaxies" (1937) he showed that galaxies often appear in groups and pairs and he also realized that it would be possible, using statistics, to determine the masses of pairs of galaxies knowing the radial velocities of the components and this method has been very important in extragalactic research. The observations also resulted in the discovery that satellite galaxies often move in certain orbits, the "Holmberg effect". -"Conservation of what?"- Of the amount of space. You can stretch an elastic band, it doesn't infer there is more. Opening an umbrella doesn't increase anything because I can conserve by closing it again, it is a reconfiguration. The principle of conservation is axiomatic, when you talk in terms of more space it is due to oversimplification.
17. ## Relativity Principle

I appreciate that words as definitive concepts are inadequate to express Relativity. Objectivity requires a fixed frame of reference or at a minimum implies a preferred frame of reference. This viewpoint has been shown to contradict the nature of our Universe. It is the counter intuitive aspect which Heisenberg illustrated with a cat in a box - the cat is both probably alive & probably dead. Humans are discreet constructs and require discreet measurement, however nothing is discreet (absolute/objective), everything is defined by everything else. Curvature of space and Time dilation are the consequences and are evident. Give an example of an Absolute that exists in our Universe and I will reconsider.
18. ## Galactic Pairs

I don't like the term 'space is increasing', seems to defy conservation. 'Reconfigured' perhaps? There are after all forces we are only just beginning to encounter, never mind understand. (ie Dark Energy) Further reading led me to the 'Holmberg Effect', which does strongly suggest a correlation (pairing/grouping of Galaxies)
19. ## Relativity Principle

Must be consistent in all reference frames. Don't fret though, your reaction is common when faced with the understanding there is no objectivity...pretty scary! Science illustrates the consequences on a human level by never asserting Truth....only Theory. No doubt it is the closest to truth we can achieve....absolute Truth doesn't even come into it. Heisenberg & QED also demonstrate the correct framework (ie Probabalistc)....spooky
20. ## Intelligence of Evolution

It is survival of the most adaptable, not fittest. This immediately confers recognition of the environment as the driving force and is why all life is a composite of smaller scale organisms. The volume of non-human dna which is responsible for our digestion is well catalogued. In this context punctuated equilibrium is a 'bolt on' attribute that fits well into the lower order (microbial) and increases adaptability on the macro scale. Consider the Caucasian ability to digest animal milk. As humans migrated into different environments they come into contact with different microbes, due to uncertainty in environmental changes in higher latitudes this ability 'had' to be found or there would be no Caucasians....but humans would go on.
21. ## Relativity Principle

Relativity is the 'opposite' of objectivity. The formulation is built on recognising there is no absolute background/frame of reference (demonstrated by Michelson & Morley). The consistency of mass and energy behaviour/interaction in all reference frames is achieved by the curvature of space and Time dilation. Which is to say they have to be there for everyone to agree.
22. ## Galactic Pairs

I was watching a Susskind lecture where he pointed out that all but the nearest Galaxy to ours (Andromeda?) is moving away from us - It was a lecture on Special Relativity, which is the main context behind my question. Do Galaxies come in pairs? Is Andromeda of a similar magnitude to the Milky Way? Any help much appreciated. Rgds, Skaff.
23. ## One way to explain the Universe

Are you saying everything is related? If so, you have reached the basic principle that has underpinned science for the past 100 years. Although this would put you at the start of the quest for deeper understanding...not at the end.
24. ## Relativity Principle

Apologies you are correct. Many have tried to refute it as you state. Point being that even those familiar with it's implications have great difficulty accepting it due to it's dismissal of objectivity.
25. ## matter does not exist

Relativity is congruent with subjectivity, so Einstein claims the prize on this one. That is to say if someone can potentially hear the tree fall then it will make a potential sound. Making the scenario objective (without potential observer) is where it becomes nonsensical and thus confusing. Potential by definition is Relative (positive to negative), aesthetically everything is a shade of grey with black and white forming the absolutes/boundary. The present is the potential/boundary between past and future, the past or future has no mass or meaning without an observer.
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