interested

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  1. A clear understanding of what space is, is required to answer the question, I do not think one exists. space time includes ER / EPR bridges which have wormholes around space time. Inside a wormhole distance/volume are not an issue. Could an absence of spacial volume be regarded as the inside of a wormhole, or another dimension where space and or time is not required. Could the universe exist inside a wormhole or another none spacial dimension. ? As a kind of superposition thereom could we exist inside a wormhole which exists as a result of a MECO BH / WH interaction.
  2. In order to keep a wormhole open, exotic matter or energy is required that repels ie it is the opposite of gravity. Dark energy repels it therefore fits the requirement to maintain a wormhole. Matter inside a wormhole would cause it to contract, out of existence, exotic matter(dark energy) keeps it open and allows it to expand. Space expands and contracts like a wormhole migt do, due to gravity and exotic energy. Leaving me with the impression that we exist inside a wormhole , Over layered with space time,. I In terms of a control system space appears to have developed from an unstable system which can be achieved by allowing +ve feedback, which could easily be achieved with an extra dimension.. You put the idea in my head. A BH is the exact opposite of a WH connected by a wormhole. LMGTFY http://www.andersoninstitute.com/wormholes.html yes that is not an answer to your question, but some of it is interesting Entering the throat of a worm hole in space time caused by a BH of sorts, mass less or otherwise and emerging from the other side seems a little difficult. You may just get stuck in the wormhole. never reaching the surface of the white hole. Nikodem Popalaski has something to say on this matter https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikodem_Popławski but he may be getting carried away. You did on the quantum fluctuation thread I started and you alluded to a none spinning mass less BH and gave me the Popalawski link, which put ideas in my head. This may have sent me up the garden path Sorry BUT we might exist inside a mass less BH/WH combination being expanded by a wormhole, which appears as space time in our reference frame. etc Edit Just reading down the response to mark E, I might change my mind.:)
  3. Yes I recognised it was a magnetic shunt and regretted posting the link about 6 months before I posted it, when I first saw the claim. I should have referenced EPR and ER bridges and not complete crap, which I had been reading on another forum. You keep claiming this, without ever backing up your claim. Exotic energy is required to keep a worm hole open, this has the same characteristics as dark energy, ie it repels whereas gravity attracts. There is absolutely no mathematical or philosophical reason why a worm hole should connect two points/singularities in a universe except in science fiction. You are trying to connect two singularities at opposite sides of the universe. An EPR allows quantum tunneling of particles , an ER is on a larger scale and allows flow from a singulrity to all of space time via an ER bridge requiring dark energy to keep it open to all of space time. (I mighty extend this idea to all particles/energy in the universe not just singularities, the math is terrible probably ) There is madness at the end of the tunnel Yes it is, it is obviously correct. Space time is 4 dimensions, not 3 , EFE allow additional dimensions can be included. The various string theories have many more dimensions. Einstein played with them view EPR and ER one month later. Einstein was not a dummy. Dark energy and the cosmologioal constant are fact according to standard theories what are you referencing. What is +ve to one is negative to another, mathematically it is only a point of reference . If dark energy is +ve ,gravity is negative energy. and vice versa. In the end they are simply differences in potential energy. What is classed as zero energy is a bit interesting at points in between dark energy and gravity. The Swarzchild black hole assumes mass that is not spinning, a primordial black hole is something else. Do you have an opinion ref what space time was before the expansion of space time as implied by Alan Guth or possibly the BB which I understand is now a little dated.
  4. You are ALL making assumptions about the shape of the universe, and assuming it has an edge, which may not be correct. It has now been shown in the lab that wormholes / extra dimensions exist. https://www.sciencealert.com/magnetic-wormhole-that-connects-two-regions-of-space-has-been-created . These can connect a point in space to every where else in space. The concept of space just existing in space time coordinates with nothing else is a bit old hat. Having said that Einstein and co predicted ER and EPR bridges over a 100 years ago, along with things like white holes, which could be the source of dark energy and the expansion of the universe. etc. In a zero energy universe -ve energy + +ve energy = 0. This could be mass/energy + dark energy = 0 . or gravity + dark energy = 0(same thing)
  5. Quantum Fluctuations/Foam

    http://bigthink.com/paul-ratner/why-the-braneworld-theory-says-our-universe-began-from-a-white-hole At least one extra dimension?
  6. Quantum Fluctuations/Foam

    An ER bridge between a WH and BH occupies what part of space time? How would you define space time inside an ER bridge? What would the output of an ER bridge look like in space time? Fundamental features in flatland might be best explained via the HUP, adding an extra none spacial dimension might explain how an ER bridge works, how wave particle duality allows instantaneous wave function collapse, and how entanglement works. Plus loads more. I have lot of things to do, so will not be online for a while. Thanks All for the input.
  7. Quantum Fluctuations/Foam

    HUP yours explains an effect not a cause. A WH still expanding in space time from the original BB inside a mass less BH, may have been interesting to explore and be a cause of Quantum fluctuations, perhaps eminating from gravitational waves in BH's etc.
  8. Quantum Fluctuations/Foam

    Would you or anyone like to discuss Popalawski mentioned by Mordred earlier as a possible source of dark energy/quantum foam driving the expansion of the universe. http://www.thespaceacademy.org/2017/11/every-black-hole-contains-another.html
  9. Quantum Fluctuations/Foam

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wormhole Eternal Blackholes have no spin.
  10. Quantum Fluctuations/Foam

    You are probably correct as usual. BH's forming inside existing space time and rotating inside space time which formed after the BB or White hole is a ludicrous idea especially if the expansion of space is driven from ER bridges and a White Hole instead of dark energy. I was thinking incorrectly all BH singularities may feed one big WH via an ER bridge, which is of course a ludicrous idea and a complete misunderstanding. The idea that all points in space may be connected is ludicrous and brought on by instantaneous wave form collapse, quantum entanglement and wave particle duality, which if an additional none spacial dimension connecting all points in space existed may go some way to adding to my confusion, and line of questioning. If quantum fluctuations are the cause of dark energy and drive the expansion of space, what drives the quantum fluctuations. It just seemed reasonable that a WH might be behind it. It just goes to show how wrong I can be. I may take up Swansons suggesting and go back to school.
  11. Quantum Fluctuations/Foam

    Radiated at all points in space from a wormhole/non spacial dimension. How can a none spacial dimension have vectors? A wormhole is a theoretical none spacial dimension, how would this rotate. It is interesting to look at, even if it is only theoretical.
  12. Quantum Fluctuations/Foam

    I am not proposing anything of the sort. What I am proposing is in line with the Big Bang expansion of space. You appear to be are asking me to speculate. My line of thought is as follows You stated that a White Hole is the opposite of a BH on this thread. If this is true then Hawking radiation may have an equivalent on the surface of a white hole this may manifest itself as Quantum foam and or the expansion of space. I am thinking that a worm hole / none spacial dimension from a white hole connects all points in space via an ER bridge. The energy radiated from the White Hole drives the expansion of space, and possibly appears as Quantum foam. The white hole could be the source of zero point energy and of dark energy. As was mentioned above some people have been looking at the possibility that our universe is a white hole. You stated on another thread words to the effect of, " the waves in wave particle duality pass through all points in space before manifesting them selves as particles at a specific point in space". If the wave is passing through all points in space, why could this not be by a non spacial dimension connected to all points in space.
  13. Quantum Fluctuations/Foam

    I fully recognize your expertise. If a White hole is accepted as the source of the BB, dark energy and all of space time, quantum fluctuations etc does it change any of Einsteins theories. Why would the output from a ER Bridge from a or multiple BH's to a WH have to be non homogeneous. If a ER bridge exists at a singularity to all of space time does it not explain questions like those raised in this link http://www.preposterousuniverse.com/blog/2010/02/22/energy-is-not-conserved/
  14. Quantum Fluctuations/Foam

    It seems you cant answer my questions and you have done some physics courses I do not wish to learn outdated ideas I want to know the latest. Another way to go, would be to get a good picture of what is happening, and then develop a mathematical model based upon a plausible explanation of all the observations. White Holes are plausible, and are a reasonable explanation of why the universe is expanding and a plausible origin for a big bang. For anyone to stick there head in the sand and deny this is moronic. The reason I mentioned the strong force is that Dark Matter could just as easily be explained away by an additional long range force not affected by distance the same as gravity. There are many extant theories whereby Quantum fluctuations or Dark energy are the cause of the expanding universe, and of gravity.I seem to be getting more useful answers from wikipedia, than I do from this forum. The maths in many instances does not explain why something is happening. I have learned quite a lot on this forum, and realized some time ago when an answer is not forthcoming a straw man debate is started, so I will thank you all and be on my merry way
  15. Quantum Fluctuations/Foam

    Yes, I agree (mostly). But many models are put together to explain observations, without observations the maths is meaningless. The strong force does not decrease with distance. Could it being transmitted via a wormhole/other dimension? How would one put together a mathematical model to suggest hawking radiation from a BH might be mirrored by its opposite a WH and appear as dark energy causing the expansion of space. White holes are plausible, and would be connected to Black Hole's via ER bridge. One causing the contraction of space time and the other the expansion of space time. Could an ER bridge be the source of the Big Bang.