# vacuodynamic

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http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

## Profile Information

• Location
Thailand
• Interests
fundamental physics
• College Major/Degree
B.Eng.
• Favorite Area of Science
physics
• Biography
born in 1947
• Occupation
retired electrical-communication engineer

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## vacuodynamic's Achievements

10

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Dear Friends, Now, we will talk about improving the conventional (non-ether based) special relativity theory to be vacuum medium (ether) based one! And the first crucial step which we have to do is to derive “Lorentz transformation”! Here, according to the diagram (a) below, we will show shortly how the derivation could be done by using “k-calculus”. A and B are the world–lines of two relative motion observers. A is at rest to vacuum medium, while B is moving with constant velocity v. Let P is an event at a coordinate (t, x) relative to A and (t’, x’) relative to B. When A send out a light ray (c = 1) at time t-x to illuminate P at time t and also receive the reflected ray back at time t+x. Similar remark applies to B, where we use primed quantity. Assuming A and B synchronize their clock when they met. Then by some arrangement and using the definition of k-factor, we get is equation (1). Next, by combining (1) to the space-time coordinate relation (2), then what we got is the Lorentz transformation as in (3) or (4)! It is interesting to note that in the conventional derivation, two pure basic “assumptions” were used, (while our derivation is the based on “measurement” only), so, what was got from this derivation is just only an “abstract mathematical formula without any physical meaning”! In contrast, we could interpret “physical meaning” (of the Lorentz transformation) from our new derivation as follow; Let us start with Galilean transformation, x’ = x – t, t’ = t … (3’), in which Newton classical mechanics was based on! This is the concept of instantaneous action (any action between two separate bodies could be taking place by require no time, even they are infinite distance apart) and universal time (i.e. time is the same anywhere), but why? The reason is that in Newton concept, vacuum space is an empty one, so it means that light speed must be infinite, and then the Lorentz transformation (3) or (4) will change to the Galilean (3’) one! By the way, it is usually misunderstood that a physical medium which act as the carrier for light wave must be very rigid in order to bear such a high speed. But this is not quite right because if we assumed that vacuum medium is something like earth atmosphere air, and if we compare it (air) to something like hydrogen gas which has a thinner density than air. Then we would found that wave speed in hydrogen gas is faster than normal air, i.e. for air’s mass density ~ 1.2 Kg/m^3 and its sound speed is 331m/s, while hydrogen mass density ~0.089 Kg/m^3 and its sound speed is 1284m/s! In conclusion, we could get physical meaning of Lorentz transformation as “the relative distance and time between two relative moving inertial frames measured by using light speed c via vacuum medium space (while Galilean transformation deal with imaginary infinite light speed via empty vacuum space)! More detail please sees CSTR in my website. Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

Dear Friends, Up to now we have seen (from several former posts), “how the existing of vacuum medium (something like the old ether) could improve the conventional (non-ether based) modern physics theories (i.e. EMT and QMT), and could solve the unsolved problems in them too”! Anyway, before going further, it would be nice to talk some detail about the “vacuum medium” (which we have referred to it several times) by comparing to the old ether. But, unfortunately, there is no much detail about the ether; what we known is that it is a physical medium filled vacuum space, in which its properties gives rise to electric and magnetic phenomena including the propagation of light wave. In short, we may say that vacuum medium look like the ether, but the crucial difference is that it is not something which filled vacuum space as the ether does; instead it is a new kind of substance that each of its infinitesimal part holds each other together (by its internal contraction force) and forming to be the “physical fabric structure of our vacuum space”! For vacuum medium’s mechanical property; it is a continuous isotopic homogenous medium which has very thin in mass density (< 10 ^ -26 Kg/m ^3), so it is permeable by all matters almost without any observed resistance! Anyway, it has very large elastic coefficient and sensitive to shear force (rotational force) while not to compressive or longitudinal force. Finally (after learning some basic concept of vacuum medium), in the next post, we will come back to consider more detail about improving the conventional (non-ether based) relativity theories (special & general relativity) to be ether (vacuum medium) based one! Also we will see how the modified theories (which I called them as “Completed Einstein special theory of relativity, CSTR” and “Completed Einstein general theory of relativity, CGTR”) could solve the problems of the conventional ones! Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

Dear Friends, Now we will show another example of how the vacuum medium based QMT could solve the problem in the conventional QMT, i.e. the problem with hydrogen atom model as shown in the diagram below. All of us may familiar with Bohr model of hydrogen atom as shown in diagram (a) in which the circular motion of electron for the stationary state is at Bohr radius (calculate by using classical mechanics) and it was criticized that it would radiate energy and spirals into the nucleus! In conventional quantum mechanics, where what we got is a better model of hydrogen atom as shown in diagram (b). It has shown the probability location of the electron around the proton nucleus for the ground state in atom which was calculated using Schrödinger equation. And in diagram © shown the radial probability density which is maximum where the radius r equal to Bohr radius. Anyway, even in the model of quantum mechanics, there is still NO explanation why electron can stay separate from the proton nucleus, and it still depends on Bohr assumption (the postulate of stationary state)! Instead, the problem could be explained by using the concept of “vacuum medium space” (instead of conventional empty vacuum space) and “electron and proton are something like tiny black holes of vacuum medium” (Please see detail in VMTE). Armed with the concept of “quantum vacuum mechanics” (vacuum medium based QMT) we could use the model shown in diagram (d) for explanation why “electron can stay separate from the proton nucleus and having the probability density” as in (a) and (b). Normally electron can move freely (even at absolute zero degree temperature) in “Bohr shell” for the reason that, it is the place where the “Coulomb attraction force” (between electron and proton) equal to the repelling force of the “vacuum medium” in between! (Detail could be seen in CEMT) Finally we also knew that there is always a small vibration in any atom, except at absolute zero degree temperature! So any electron in any atom in (d) could not stay only within Bohr shell, instead it has the probability to move to other location out of Bohr shell when time goes on. So what we got now is a better explanation for hydrogen atom model which is more realistic and understandable! Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

Dear Friends, In the former post, we have talk about electron wave (i.e. the co-moving wave of electron particle), but someone may ask what the electron wave look like? So we will now explain some more detail by comparing it to light wave (packet) or photon, as shown in the diagram below. Let us first we start with the summary that explain what a photon is! (Please see detail explanation in CEMT.) In diagram (a), when an electron in an atom was exited by external energy and move from its normal state (of lower energy) to excited state of higher energy. Immediately the exited electron will jump back from unstable (excited) state to its normal (stable) state! Because the “transition time” is very short, so the jumping back electron will transfer its impulse force’s with energy back to the surrounding vacuum medium. This makes the disturbed vacuum medium oscillates and radiate out as a “wave packet” of photon from the atom. Now for electron (particle) wave, when an electron moving through vacuum medium (remember that electron is immerged in vacuum medium), it will rotate while disturbing the medium around. The disturbed vacuum medium will adjust itself by creating standing (co-moving) waves in front and around as shown in (b). Note, both electron wave and light wave are rotational transverse wave of vacuum medium, while there are some differences between them. First, while photon is a free wave packet which propagates with the velocity of light, particle wave is a standing wave packet moving together (co-moving) with the particle. Next, both photon and electron wave were created by a moving electron! If the moving electron is accelerated, then photon was generated, while a uniform moving electron creates particle wave. By the way, we often called photon as “acceleration or far field”, in which it will radiate after created. While electron wave was usually called “velocity or near field”, which will not radiate, but co-moving with the moving electron! Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

Dear Peron and friends, Let us referred to Peron’s post # 60 p.3 in which he commented about my solution for the collapse wave interpretation problem in quantum mechanics (by using the concept of the disturbance of vacuum medium created by the moving electrons as in the diagram repeated below), and I have answered some of his questions in my post # 64 p.4. Now we will continue by going back to the beginning (of what we will talk) by reminding us that actually the conventional quantum mechanical theory is non-ether based theory. But unlike Einstein conventional theory of relativity which is really non-ether based theory, quantum mechanics based on something which we may be called as MAGIC ether based theory! For someone who familiar with quantum field theory (an extended quantum mechanics) would found that its “vacuum” concept is not an empty vacuum space, instead it is full of infinite number of virtual particles – antiparticles which create and annihilate at any instance in all time! Nowadays, one of the main aims of the LHC mission is to find Higgs boson. According to the standard model theory, Higgs boson was created from “Higgs field” by Higgs mechanism. But the interesting point is that conventionally, Higgs field was postulate to be “matter field” which is existed by pervading in vacuum space. In one sense, the Higgs field plays the role of a new type of vacuum, analogous to the old ether! In conclusion, we could see that at first, quantum mechanics concept start with non-ether based theory. Then in quantum field theory, vacuum space is not empty space anymore, and finally it is an ether based theory. So it is interesting that the concept is changing, how could it is something like that! By the way, for someone who was involved in detail with quantum mechanics theory, would found that there are many unsolved problems by using the conventional non-ether based concept! For an example, the problem of collapse wave interpretation we mentioned early. From now on we will talk in detail “how the ether based concept could solve” the conventional non-ether based concept, please follow in the next post. Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

Dear Friends, Now we will show how to solve another problem (which can not explain by the (non-ether based) in the conventional electromagnetic field theory) by using vacuum mechanics (the mechanism of vacuum medium) concept. The problem is about Poynting vector (the energy flow of electromagnetic wave in the conventional theory) which is very interesting but not quite popular. Anyway, we could found it in a famous “The Feynman Lectures on Physics”. Vol. 2 text, and even in a popular “Physics” text by D. Halliday, R. Resnick, and K. Krane Vol. 2! (a) Charging a capacitor. (b) Electrons flow in a conductor wire. According to the diagram, it was explained by Poynting vector concept that the energy appears in the resistance of the conductor wire (b) does not enter from the connecting wire but from the surrounding space around the conductor! Also in (a) the energy stored in the capacitor does not enter from the connecting wire but from the surrounding space around the capacitor! How vacuum mechanics could solve these crazy problems is because of the new concept charge particles, i.e. electron and proton are condensed vacuum medium, and which are something like tiny black holes (please see a scientific prove in the paper “Vacuum mechanics: a new approach to the theory of everything” in my website). While stream of electrons (electric current) flow in the conductor wire in (b), they attract and rotate the surrounding vacuum medium which appeared as magnetic field. And when we calculate the total energy around the conductor by using Poynting vector concept, we would found that it is equal to internal energy in the resistance (of the conductor). The reason is because that actually the attracting force acting to the surrounding vacuum medium is the same thing as the Poynting vector! In case of capacitor in (a), plenty of electrons stored in the negative plate (and protons in positive plate), both electrons and protons attract each others and also attract the surrounding vacuum medium! In conclusion, the feeding of the flow in energy to the capacitor is the stored of charges in both plates and in turn the stored charges will create internal stress of vacuum medium which appear as the Poynting vector around! By the way, some more examples could be found in “Completed Maxwell electromagnetic field theory (CEMT)”, indeed we could solve any problem in conventional electromagnetic field theory by using vacuum mechanics. In the next post we will see how vacuum mechanics could also solve the problem in quantum mechanics theory too! Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

Dear Friends, Once we have a mechanical model for electromagnetic field theory, i.e. electric field is a polar vector and magnetic field is a rotational vector occurred via stress-strain relation in vacuum medium, and then we are ready to solve the problem and explaining how electromagnetic wave was created and propagate (which was mentioned early) by following the diagram below. Radio power source in (a) is transmitting stream of electrons in the antenna conducting wire. While the electrons are moving they will rotate and drag the surrounding vacuum medium and creating the rotational stress in vacuum medium which is appeared as surrounding magnetic field B. At the same time, the vacuum medium was twisted, so the generated torsion wave will propagate along the wire at a speed of light. And this is appeared as electric field E. Next, because radio source is an oscillating generator, so the flowing up and down of electron’s stream (from generator) will create waves in vacuum medium around the antenna conductor and then moving away from the wire as shown in (b) and ©. This is the radiation process of electromagnetic waves! Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

Dear Friends, Now we will show how to improve the theory of Maxwell electromagnetic field by using the new concept of “vacuum medium”, and we will start with a new physical model of the theory, derivation of the Maxwell equations, and finally solving the problem of the conventional theory. First, we create a reasonable and suitable physical (mechanical) model by using the guideline of “the quasi-elastic body model of ether” (fig.(b)) developed in 19th century by professor Arnold Summerfeld , in his famous text book “Mechanics of Deformable Bodies”, p.108 – 111. This could be done because both of them have the same medium’s mechanical property that is they are continuous elastic mediums which are sensitive to rotation. Our new model proposed in fig.(a) is the flowing stream of electrons (-i) pass through the conducting wire with negligible resistance. This was done by electromotive force provided from battery and which also maintaining potential difference for the wire. Because the moving electrons are rotating and dragging the surrounding vacuum medium within and around the wire. This will create the rotational stress in vacuum medium which is appeared as surrounding magnetic field B. At the same time, the vacuum medium was twisted. So the generated torsion wave will propagate along the wire at a speed of light. And this is appeared as electric field E. Next, we could derive Maxwell equations from the proposed model above by relating the electromagnetic field parameters (i.e. E, B, permeability and permeability of vacuum) to the stress-strain relation parameters and properties of vacuum medium (i.e. translation, rotation, deformation, twist modulus and density of vacuum medium). Anyway, we will not go into technical (mathematical) detail, one who interest could see detail in “Completed Maxwell electromagnetic field theory (CEMT)” in my website. In summary, we could derive Maxwell equations from the mechanical properties of vacuum medium in the proposed model above! Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

Dear Klaynos, Why? How? How it involved in this matter? Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

Dear Klaynos, Do you mean something which I have talked with Rockman in the post # 13 p. 1, would you please look back to see it again? What is the novel EM device and how it was involved with this matter? Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

Dear Friends, While waiting for the answer from D H, I will talk about the consequence of the new idea of the existence of a new kind of ether (which I called it as vacuum medium) upon Maxwell electromagnetic field theory! For someone who familiar with Maxwell electromagnetic field theory would know that when James Clerk Maxwell first created the electromagnetic field theory, he also invented a mechanical model of elastic solid (ether) called a granular model of space for its philosophical concept. But after Einstein had created special theory of relativity (STR) which no need the ether concept, then people have ignored the proposed model and only the equations were used until now. This seems to be alright, but something badly followed, i.e. the problem of how electromagnetic wave was created and propagate! In the next post, I will show scientifically how “vacuum medium” could solve the mentioned problem. Further more, the new concept will also solve the existing problems in the conventional theory. Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

Dear swansont, Indeed, I am not quite clear about your word, would you please explain in detail, is it right or wrong, polite or impolite, or anything else? Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

Dear Modulators and friends, Up to now, I am not quite sure what should I going to do, does anyone has any suggestion? Thanks in advance! Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com

Dear D H, Where are you? Up to now, do you have any other questions about my “new idea” which was thought as “speculation or pseudoscience”? Would you please reconsider it again? Sincerely, Nimit ------------------- http://www.vacuum-mechanics.com
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