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About FrankM

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    engineer electrical
  1. There is a 2014 paper out of LLNL http://www.scirp.org/Journal/PaperDownload.aspx?paperID=50035 The Introduction cites a 2005 Russian study and they note a conclusion from that study. "In 2004 Adushkin and Soloviev studied the generation of electric and magnetic fields from above ground, surface and underground explosions [5]; Academician Adushkin concluded that the actual mechanism of RF generation was not known." I want to see the EM power levels at various spectral ranges, but the LLNL study does not provide this information.
  2. The researchers haven't reached a consensus as to the mechanism that creates the broadband EMP. The researchers know that it is the motion of charged particles that create an EM wave; this is the way it is done in a wire antenna. The LANL paper referenced in my paper presents several theories as to what is causing the charged particle motion. The process is complicated by the double EMP noted by several researchers. Even though there is an abundance of ions produced by a chemical explosion, I see no mention of their motion and contribution to the EMP. A researcher published a paper in an
  3. There is a difference between the massive current flow produced by a lightning strike and that produced by am EMP. The current produced by a lightning strike is non-selective, it damages many different structures. I am sure there are pathology reports you can read to see the type of damage a lightning strike causes. Think electrocution. The damage produced by an EMP is frequency selective and there will be no obvious entry and exit points.
  4. Now that you mention it, I have never watched fireworks reasonably close where I had an AM radio turned on and it was not tuned to a station. For those that can get fireworks anytime, you can determine if there is a sharp static response when a fireworks goes off; the sound of the fireworks will be delayed depending upon distance. It would be desirable to have enough distance between the fireworks explosion and the radio to be able to note the static in the radio before before hearing the fireworks sound. The LANL report cited in my report discussed the mechanism that creates an EMP. It is
  5. I know what the SAR regulations pertain to. I also know that a brief exposure to a very high intensity EM source will do the same damage that a lower power source would do in a longer time period. Just what part of physics makes my idea impossible?
  6. The FCC Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) regulations are there to limit the human body to EM radiation. The damage to mammalian brains noted in ref.(11) of my vixra.org paper indicates it doesn't take much EM power to cause damage. I would like to know how much of the 20 billion watts per centimeters noted in the LLNL report is within the spectral range of the GSM phones. What is known in specific technical circles may not be known outside these groups. I suspect those involved in nuclear non-proliferation detection know a lot about the EM spectral characteristics of chemical explosions, b
  7. You do not have to have ionizing radiation to damage body tissue.
  8. Every chemical explosion produces a broadband electromagnetic (EM) pulse (EMP). A Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) report states, "The emission of electromagnetic radiation from a chemical explosion is well established." However, it is difficult to find reports that identify the intensities in the various spectral ranges. A Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories (LLNL) report states, "In the brief instant of a high-exlosive detonaton, some remarkable events take place: the shock wave produces pressure up to 500,000 times that of Earth's atmosphere, the detonation wave travels as fas
  9. In 1975, an article was published titled, "Chirality". Many more examples have been found since then. Chirality The article stated there was a left-hand bias. The final paragraph contained the following: "Thus there are indications that the role of chirality in the universe, or at least on this Earth, may be greater than has yet been understood. This accords with the view often put forward that greater attention should be paid to asymmetries as the necessary initiators of processes."
  10. I don't know the actual current across the worms body. I did find that there are two types of worms, those that burrow vertically and those that burrow horizontally, and I do not know which type(s) I have. I did observe some worms exiting vertically but I don't know if that has anything to do with the manner in which they burrow. I don't have a video camera, which would have allowed me to record and replay the worm exits to get counts and their exit points relative to the positive and negative terminals, there seems to be a slight difference. One really needs something like a variac or a
  11. On the amateur science experiments thread I posted a few of my observations where I subjected earthworms to AC and DC electric currents. http://www.scienceforums.net/forum/showthread.php?t=26312 An image of an earthworm responding to an earthquake is available at a USGS site. http://folkworm.ceri.memphis.edu/ew-doc/
  12. I read an article that discussed a Japanese physicists observations about earthworms exiting the ground before one of their big earthquakes. http://animalsandearthquakes.com/ikeya.htm Electric currents have been used for earthworm extraction going back many decades (worm getters), but I could not find any studies where their sensitivity to specific currents levels was measured. I have raised garden beds which are prolific with earthworms so I decided to see if I could get them to respond with fairly low electric currents. I used #12 solid copper wire as electrodes, starting out
  13. The title of the .jpg and the character of the circuit board are clues. That was 20+ year old technology and it was a telephone circuit loop control card. The big gold plated contacts are a giveaway to the era. Either way, the +5 or the +42 volts were relatively high current sources. It is not known which one did the major zapping. I believe the individual identified the victim as a "rat snake". Although video cameras can be used to observe critter reactions, there is a problem of constantly monitoring them visually. The Chinese did not note the use of any kind of motion detector, thu
  14. The lightning safety article stated that you "should not lie down" as this puts you in continuous surface contact, thus you have a greater change to be in contact with "potential points" that are high enough to break-down your resistance, thus creating a damaging current flow. It is simple Ohm's law, a small current across a high resistance results in a high potential difference. This snake crawled across a circuit board until he extended across a potential that exceeded his biological resistance. The individual that took the picture and replaced the board did not note which board po
  15. Yes, we definitely have contradictory positions. The action that is creating the in-earth currents is not caused by piezoelectric action. http://www.scec.org/news/01news/es_abstracts/Freund.pdf An underground snake den is just a small cave and is subject to the same "physics" as being experienced in those large enough for humans to enter. http://www.nols.edu/resources/research/pdfs/lightningsafetycavers.pdf I do not know what snakes do when they are exposed to conditions wherein there could be nearby lightning strikes, but humans caught outside in such a condition are suppo
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