I had a random idea recently that popped in my head out of nowhere.
The Idea itself is that mass such as Earth is occupying space.
The space occupied therefore is now encompassing the mass in layers evenly around it. Space is not a substance and cannot exert pressure downward on mass. However space has been proven to constantly expand, Expansion is a form of movement which I could assume would also be a form of energy however undefined that energy may be. So if that energy of space expansion exists, Than the closer you are to the layers of space the stronger this energy becomes. I propose that the expansion force does exert constant flow towards all mass due to space attempting to expand to the position in which the mass is occupying. Not in a pressure form but a flow of constant and consistent energy cause by the never ending and uniform space expansion.This would also mean that smaller objects would be pulled toward larger objects. The space layers surrounding an object on earth such as you would also be the cause. The layers of space created by you pushing toward you would be vastly smaller. The layers of space pushing against you that are flowing exactly in the opposing direction of the downward force cause you to be forced down due to the space encompassing you more or less sucking you downward from the current of the larger "flow" of space. You can never be separated by the space layers encompassing you therefore if it moves, So do you. So in turn, mass doesn't pull together, space does.
This on a larger scale would be an idea of black holes.
I believe that a black hole is more or less an incident where the "singularity" within has achieved enough density to cause true space displacement (no space within the singularity mass). I believe this would cause the layers around the black hole to become infinite in number. Space literally crushing the area. Since space is believed to be infinite there is no reason to believe you can"t have an infinite amount of space encompassing an area. Which of course light could never leave an infinite space regardless of speed.
This I believe could answer time dilation as well because the more layers of space available could cause time to slow due to these layers.
If no matter existed the only measure of time would be the expansion of space itself if for instance it was visible at that point to be measured, This could truly be our only base line for time. That being said, If we now introduce matter, Each layer of space encompassing the matter would now cause time to slow minutely due to the extra layers causing resistance to the baseline flow of time. The larger the object the more layers and the more resistance. Which back to black holes said to have stopped time would be true if there is infinite layers of space causing infinite resistance to the base line flow of time. So everything from an outside observer, If we could see within, Would appear to stop but light would still be traveling at the speed of light constant and only appear to be stopped due to our perspective of our relative space around us at that time. which now would make Both Einstein and Hawking 100% correct with their theories
The distortion of light around massive objects could also be answered by this due to the light being distorted oddly due to the number of layers changing from close to surface to further away from surface resulting the light to appear to bend due to it being slowed at different rates due to the different layers of space the light must travel trough. Meaning your eyes would receive the same light at different times which would also means the photons that left the source at the exact same time reach your eyes at slightly different times causing a distorted view.
This could also mean that each layer of space is actually dimensions which may help string theory out a bit, if layered space is layered dimensions that would mean that the missing dimensions in which string theory is based upon could be this. The base line flow of time of course, mentioned earlier, would make space without matter one dimensional and matter folding space into layers is creating many additional dimensions. Furthermore if your in space you would not feel any tug because your surrounded by one dimensional space even though your body is more than one dimension so you will be pushed away from at this point from the closest object (to clarify for positioning one dimensional space would be way out between galaxies not between stars and planets and other stars or even perhaps well beyond our universe and matter itself) with ever increasing velocity due to space expansion being constant and the faster you go the more massive you get and the more dimensional energy to increase velocity in which the speed limit would now actually be countably infinite given enough time since the expansion force will never stop increasing your mass to countably infinite in which countably infinite could never be a black hole.
So I am not good with math but I will try my best to use numbers for this.
lets use empty space as a baseline of 1 dimensional expansion pressure. Let us now say that Earth is 100 Dimensional expansion pressure due to it containing 100 extra layers (more than likely a much more vast number) to keep things simple to use earth as a percent marker. The moon is said to be 1.2%of earths mass which should equal to 1.2 dimensions however size to mass ratio would now come into play so that the size per mass is much higher for the moon this would mean the spatial dimensions would be pushed further away from the mass by size ratio than the earths so the dimensional flow of space is stronger than earth resulting in higher gravity yield per layer of dimension causing it to have more than 1.2% of earths gravity. now a neutron star for example would be much smaller and much higher dimensional pressure of course resulting in an incredible expansion force but since it is much closer to its destination the pressure would be slightly lower ratio to earths dimensional expansion force to mass size. I would believe If you used earths gravitational pull being equivalent to its mass only and attempt to compare that with gravitational pulls of objects of varying size it would not scale in line due to this fact.
And to end an argument before it starts, the volume increase would push these dimensions further like an outer shell because all the space between atoms and neutrons and other smaller matter is filled with space already. Space itself would not be able to occupy itself only matter can occupy space so the space would naturally form a perfect uniform layering of dimensions to compensate for literally nowhere else for it to go.
The creation of the universe would to me make a lot more sense because of this as well
For this next area I would like you to imagine on a scale where our observable universe is the size of this "o" compared to your monitor this will be our countably infinite existence area.
If we consider that space itself in the beginning is what did not exist. For example perhaps bosons encompassed all to countably infinite existence since these particles can overlap with each other theoretically they could all be over lapping a countably infinite amount of times which would mean space could not exist anywhere in infinity. somewhere some how due to possibly entropy and probability the movement of bosons led to a point where nothing was touching each other at a singularly small point and created, space, or maybe negative mass? Since this space or negative mass could not and should not exist the force trying to right itself out of existence and back into matter causes this to expand infinitely due to the nature of negative energy. this would cause a massive and unending, ever-accelerating collapse which would not be uniform due to the number of countless bosons (bosons being used as a reference not as actual certainty) in one area to the next would cause this collapse to spider out and start to make circles and begin to collapse those circles, creating a universe. This would continue to infinity creating countless universes some possibly with much different elements than ours due to the initial bang having much more mass and energy to start with. the big bang being created by the infinitely faster than light collapse of "our" universe creating the massive energy to cause the big bang from such an enormous force, since the collapse would be infinitely faster than the speed of light the explosion would be infinitely faster than the speed of light which would not make this small point of collapse a black whole and in turn creates a universe which would slow its acceleration due to the vast outside expansion still flowing toward it and then begin to increase velocity again because of this inward flow.
A bubble in water for instance is being pushed down which forces it up. in the case of the universe this would cause "up" to be in all directions so the never ending negative expansion force attempting to move inward would constantly expand the universe until literally everything is perfectly evenly spaced. This would technically make our universe Finite but existence itself infinite which makes sense on all levels. We can not see anything before the big bang happened due to the fact that light simply didn't exist within "our" universal area of negative mass/space
I don't know what you all think of this stuff but I think these are much more plausible than a lot of other explanations and even answers a lot of unsolved questions and theories.