Hello. This is not even a problem but an example my book gives, but I want to understand it in order to do the exercises. It is as follows:
A light L is being raised up a pole. The light shines on the object Q, casting a shadow on the ground. At a certain moment the light is 40 meters off the ground, rising at 5 meters per minute. How fast is the shadow shrinking at that instant?
Then the book gives the answer that I don't understand. It reads: Let the height be y at time t and the lenght of the shadow be x. By similiar triangles, x/10=(x+20)/y; i.e., xy=10(x+20).The explanation goes on but I only want to know about the similar triangles part. I don't know where the equation and the 10 and 20 come from. Just that, I have no problem with the rest. Thank you in advance.