Latest ambitions of one of the leading countries in space science is building bases on the moon high technology and turned the place into a living for humans.
It has been over 45 years since the first human to set foot on the moon on July 20/7/1970, the world's only known American first nations people to set foot on the moon. But since the country shifted to explore Mars, birch powers to select lunar plans are based build future life for humanity.
In 1969, the Russian (then Soviet Union) each autonomous robot car launched Lunokhod 1 name of the space program Lunokhod moon to explore the surface. Unfortunately the first attempt failed because the satellite does not go into orbit as planned. A second attempt later in the month 1/1973 continued failure. Since then, Russia has not conducted any activities other lunar exploration costs and the risks too great.
Although failure but the latest announcement of Roscosmos (the Russian Space Agency), they are looking to establish a high-tech facility with science labs and technology, launch pad and landing a spacecraft , even an astronomical observatory on the moon.
With this latest plan, Roscosmos hopes to restart the program by sending the robot probe named Luna 25. The agency expects Russian Luna 25 will be on the south pole of the Moon in 2024.
Model probes Luna 25
The new spacecraft will include 8 camera orientation, help take pictures and observe the drill ship. Luna 25 powered by radioactive plutonium fuel source 238. During decomposition, plutonium-238 will generate heat and boat batteries will have the task of transformation into electricity.
According to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), plutonium-238 is not a dangerous radioactive substance can be harmful to human health (plutonium-238 in uranium-234 alpha radiation and no penetration). However, the world is gradually exhausted its fuel supply and the space agencies of the country are looking for alternative materials. Unknown Russian reserves available plutonium-238 or they had other technological secrets.
Radioactive material plutonium-238 self-luminous decay by alpha
However, Russia will not be a "loner" on the moon by the European Space Agency (ESA) said they also decided to return to the Moon exploration program.
But as mentioned, the US is moving his attention toward Mars. Some experts universe and the engineers of this country have criticized the US did not go and build bases on the Moon before approaching Mars. According to them, the direction the moon before - after Mars will cost at cost (total) and more dangerous for NASA.
Even former astronaut Buzz Aldrin repeatedly been voiced about NASA's Mars mission. He also put forward a proposal for the NASA should consider building both bases on the Moon and Mars instead of just focusing on a current destination.
Russia's ambitions had been mentioned in a speech by Igor Komaro, head of the Russian Space Agency (Roscosmos) in June. He said that the mission of exploring the moon in the period 2029 - 2030 as one of the top priorities of Russia.
A concept of the base on the Moon
In any matter, but Russia's plan is also a good sign for all humanity. Because, in fact, not many countries have the ability to set foot on the moon and the Apollo Program is a very expensive program. Besides, Americans despite presence there over the last 4 decades, but they have not really exploited this place but only conduct scientific exploration.