# transgalactic

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1. ## differentiation proof question...

f(x) and g(x) are differentiable on 0 f(0)=g(0)=0 calculate $\lim _{x->0}\frac{cosf(x)-cosg(x)}{x^2}$ ?? it looks like cauchys mean value theorem F(x)=cos(f(x)) G(x)=cos(g(x)) what to do next??
2. ## integral/continuety proof question..

function f(x) continues on [a,b] suppose that for every sub part $[\alpha ,\beta ]\subseteq [a,b]$ we have$\int_{\alpha}^{\beta}f(x)dx>0$. prove that f(x)>=0 for $x\in[a,b]$ if its wrong give a contradicting example?? i dont have a clue from here to start or how to go. from the given i can conclude that if the sum of all subsections gives us a positive result then the total sum from a to b has to positive too.inte
3. ## prove these inequalities..

i got the idea that its the function is bigger then the polynomial by the members with powers higher then "n". but its only a logic how to formulate it into mathematical equations?? the remainder formula is 0<c<x $R_n(x)=\frac{f^{n+1}©}{(n+1)!}x^{n+1}$ so i guess that for x>0 its: $R_n(x)=\frac{f^{n+1}©}{(n+1)!}x^{n+1}$ for x<0 $R_n(x)=-\frac{f^{n+1}©}{(n+1)!}x^{n+1}$ should i prove it by induction?? if so then if n=1 then $e^x=1+x+ \frac{f^{1+1}©}{(1+1)!}x^{1+1}$ but i dont know whats the value of c?? and still it depends on the values of x ??
4. ## prove these inequalities..

so my general function are bigger then their taylor series by the remainder of Rn the functions are greater than the Taylor polynomial up to power n by the members which are in a higher powers then "n" this is the logic how to formulate it into equation??
5. ## how many times can we differentiate this function??

this is not an induction what is the full proof?
6. ## differentiation proof question

f(x) is differentiable twice at x_0 prove that: $f''(x_0 ) = \mathop {\lim }\limits_{h \to \infty } {{f(x_0 + h) - 2f(x_0 ) + f(x_0 - h)} \over {h^2 }}$ i tried to solve it but i cant get to the asked expression $g'(x_0) = \lim_{h \to 0} \frac{g(x_0 + h) - g(x_0)}{h}\\$ $g''(x_0) = \lim_{h \to 0} \frac{g'(x_0 + h) - g'(x_0)}{h}\\$ $g''(x_0) = \lim_{h \to 0} \frac{\frac{g(x_0 + 2h) - g(x_0+h)}{h} - \frac{g(x_0 + h) - g(x_0)}{h}}{h}\\$ $g''(x_0) = \lim_{h \to 0} \frac{{g(x_0 + 2h) - g(x_0+h)} - {g(x_0 + h) - g(x_0)}}{h^2}\\$ $g''(x_0) = \lim_{h \to 0} \frac{{g(x_0 + 2h) - 2g(x_0+h)} { - g(x_0)}}{h^2}\\$ ??
7. ## how many times can we differentiate this function??

how many times can we differentiate this splitted function on point x=0 ?? $f(x) = \{ x^{2n} \sin (\frac{1}{x}) ,x \ne 0$ i know i need to prove it by induction $\dfrac{\mathrm{d}^r}{\mathrm{d}x^r}\big(x^{2n}\sin(x^{-1})\big)= \begin{cases} (-1)^rx^{2(n-r)}\sin(x^{-1}+\frac{1}{2}r\pi)+x^{2(n-r)}g_{n,r}(x) & x\neq 0\\ 0& x=0 \end{cases}$ for all r≤n, where g_{n,r}(x) is continuous at 0 and vanishes there. what to do next??
8. ## prove that this function is differentiable endless times

i tried to prove for the first derivative but i dont get a final limit here $f(x)=e^\frac{-1}{x^2} \\$ $f'(0)=\lim_{x->0^+}\frac{e^\frac{-1}{x^2}-0}{x-0} \\$ $f'(0)=\lim_{x->0^-}\frac{e^\frac{-1}{x^2}-0}{x-0}$ Merged post follows: Consecutive posts mergedthe makloren formula is $f(x)=\sum_{n}^{k}\frac{f^{(k)}}{k!}x^k+o(x^n)$ how to take the n'th derivative from here?? where to put the formula in and get the n'th derivative?? this function is for approximating so in order for me to get to the n'th members approximation first i need to do manually one by one n times derivative so its not helping me ?? Merged post follows: Consecutive posts mergedi was told "once we can express the function as a power series around zero and it is differentiable at zero, we know it is infinitely differentiable" differentiable around zero part: $f'(0)=\lim_{x->0}\frac{e^\frac{-1}{x^2}-0}{x-0} \\ =\lim_{x->0}\frac x{2e^{1/x^2}}$ i know that exponentials grow faster then polinomials but the power of the exp is 1/x^2 so the denominator goes to infinity but faster then the numenator so the expression goes to 0. power series around zero part: the power series of e^x $g(x)=e^x=1+x+\frac{x^2}{2}+\frac{x^3}{6}+O(x^3)\\$ i put -1/x^2 instead of x $g(x)=e^x=1+\frac{-1}{x^2}+\frac{x^{4}}{2}+\frac{-x^6}{6}+O(-x^6)\\$ what now??
9. ## find the nth differentiation of these

for the second question: $(|\sin x|^{n}||\sin x|)^{(n)}=\sum_{k=0}^{n}C^k_n (|\sin x|^{n})^{(n-k)}|sinx|^{(k)}\\$ what to do next??
10. ## find the nth differentiation of these

1=<k=<n find $f^{(n)} (x)$ of: the first : $f(x) = |x|^{n + 1}$ the second is: $f(x) = |\sin x|^{n + 1}$
11. ## prove that this function is differentiable endless times

if i will prove this for the first derivative and the second derivative and the third derivative but its not prooving for the next endless derivatives its only proving for these cases ??
12. ## how many times can we differentiate this function??

how many times can we differentiate this splitted function on point x=0 ?? $f(x) = \{ x^{2n} \sin (\frac{1}{x}) ,x \ne 0$ on {0,x=0}
13. ## prove that this function is differentiable endless times

prove that this function differentiable endles times on x=0 ?? if i will write the definition of the derivetive i could prove that it differentiates on x=0 how to prove that for endless derivatives of this function ??
14. ## i tried to prove this equation in differential way..

sorry forgot the minus $\frac{{d^{} }}{{dx^{} }}g_n (x) = \frac{{( - 1)^n {\rm{[}}e^{1/x} ( - \frac{1}{{x^2 }}{\rm{)}}x^{n + 1} - (n + 1)x^n e^{1/x} {\rm{]}}}}{{x^{2n + 2} }}{\rm{ }}$ what to do next?? Merged post follows: Consecutive posts mergedwe assume that f_n correct so the f_n+1 is correct too(except the derivative part) but when we take deriavative n+1 we get a different equations the we supposed to get ?? $\frac{{d^n }}{{dx^n }}f_{n + 1} (x) = ( - 1)^{n + 1} \frac{{e^{1/x} }}{{x^{n + 2} }}$ $\frac{{d^{n + 1} }}{{dx^{n + 1} }}f_{n + 1} (x) = ( - 1)^{n + 1} \frac{{ - \frac{1}{{x^2 }}e^{1/x} x^{n + 2} - (n + 2)x^{n + 1} e^{1/x} }}{{x^{2n + 4} }}$ Merged post follows: Consecutive posts mergedhow to interpret this prove into d/dx symbols?? Note that the commutator $[D,x]=Dx-xD=1$ and so $[D^n,x]=D^{n-1}[D,x]+D^{n-2}[D,x]D+\cdots+[D,x]D^{n-1}=nD^{n-1}.$ Thus we have Merged post follows: Consecutive posts merged$D^{n+1}x^n\exp(x^{-1}) &=[D^{n+1},x]x^{n-1}\exp(x^{-1})+xD^{n+1}x^{n-1}\exp(x^{-1})\\ &=(n+1)D^nx^{n-1}\exp(x^{-1})+xDD^nx^{n-1}\exp(x^{-1})\\ &=(-1)^n(n+1)x^{-n-1}\exp(x^{-1})+xD(-1)^nx^{-n-1}\exp(x^{-1})$ by the inductive hypothesis. Now do the differentiation and you get $D^{n + 1} x^n \exp (x^{ - 1} ) = ( - 1)^n (n + 1)x^{ - n - 1} \exp (x^{ - 1} )\quad + ( - 1)^n x(( - n - 1)x^{ - n - 2} \exp (x^{ - 1} ) - x^{ - n - 3} \exp (x^{ - 1} )) = ( - 1)^{n + 1} x^{ - n - 2} \exp (x^{ - 1} )$ \\ \end{array} which finishes the induction step.
15. ## One-sided differentiation proof

this is the only equations i can construct $\mathop {\mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to x_0 - } \frac{{f(x_{} ) - f(x_0 )}}{{x - x_0 }} = \mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to x_0 + } \frac{{f(x_{} ) - f(x_0 )}}{{x - x_0 }}}\limits_{} \\$ $\mathop {\mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to x_0 - } \frac{{g(x_{} ) - g(x_0 )}}{{x - x_0 }} = \mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to x_0 + } \frac{{g(x_{} ) - g(x_0 )}}{{x - x_0 }}}\limits_{} \\$ "if u(x) = f(x)) then there exists an $\epsilon > 0$ such that u(y) = f(y) for all $y \in [x, x + \epsilon)$. So then $u'(x)_+ = f'(x)$." i dont know how to apply this this to my question i showed the differentiation equations i dont know how to continue. Merged post follows: Consecutive posts mergedso u(x) and v(x) around x_0 have to pick different functions because if one is bigger then the other is smaller. so if f(x)=u(x) then g(x)=v(x) and once again because f(x) and g(x) are differentiable then we have one sided derivative. i dont know how to write it thematically but here is a try $\forall x_0 \in R$ ${\rm{ }}\exists \delta {\rm{ > 0 |x - x}}_0 | < \delta {\rm{ }}\mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to x_0 } u(x) = \mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to x_0 } v(x)$
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