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Trigonometric Function Problem


gwiyomi17
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During high tide the water depth in a harbour is 22 m and during low tide it is 10m(Assume a 12h cycle).
Calculate the times at which the water level is at 18m during the first 24 hours.

My solution:
I found the cos equation: H(t)=-6cos(π/6t)+16
then..
Let π/6t=Θ
18=-6cosΘ+16
18-16=-6cosΘ
Θ=1.230959417
Let Θ=π/6t

π/6t=1.230959417

Then I don't know what's next....

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Alright -- your function [math]H(t)=-6\cos(\frac{\pi}{6} t)+16[/math] (where [math]t[/math] is in hours) seems like a good model.

 

Mathematically speaking, we'll want to restrict the domain to [math]0\le t \le 24[/math] since we're only dealing with the first 24 hours of tide. If you don't make the restriction, then solving for [math]t[/math] will give solutions outside the time frame the problem wants. We'll keep this in mind throughout the problem.

 

You started right by substituting [math]H(t)=18[/math].

 

So now we have [math]18=-6\cos(\frac{\pi}{6} t)+16[/math].

 

You can make another substitution if you want, but that might complicate the problem. We're just trying to find solutions for [math]t[/math], by getting it by itself. At least try to get it down to where we have the [math]\cos(\frac{\pi}{6} t)[/math] part alone on one side. See if you can continue from there.

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Alright -- your function [math]H(t)=-6\cos(\frac{\pi}{6} t)+16[/math] (where [math]t[/math] is in hours) seems like a good model.

 

Mathematically speaking, we'll want to restrict the domain to [math]0\le t \le 24[/math] since we're only dealing with the first 24 hours of tide. If you don't make the restriction, then solving for [math]t[/math] will give solutions outside the time frame the problem wants. We'll keep this in mind throughout the problem.

 

You started right by substituting [math]H(t)=18[/math].

 

So now we have [math]18=-6\cos(\frac{\pi}{6} t)+16[/math].

 

You can make another substitution if you want, but that might complicate the problem. We're just trying to find solutions for [math]t[/math], by getting it by itself. At least try to get it down to where we have the [math]\cos(\frac{\pi}{6} t)[/math] part alone on one side. See if you can continue from there.

Thats what I did (above), I calculated for the "t" but it says on the problem "Calculate the times at which the water level is at 18m during the first 24 hours." so it means that there's more solution... but i don't know how to find the others.

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Thats what I did (above), I calculated for the "t" but it says on the problem "Calculate the times at which the water level is at 18m during the first 24 hours." so it means that there's more solution... but i don't know how to find the others.

 

There are 4 solutions. Look at a graph of the function.

 

post-79174-0-72325600-1371334105.png

 

Where the line crosses our cosine function is where the solutions are.

 

Once you find the first, call it [math]t_a[/math], you can find the other three. Your calculation seems correct.

 

I'll give you the second solution: [math]12-t_a[/math]. Do you understand how this works out?

 

EDIT: Better image.

Edited by Amaton
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There are 4 solutions. Look at a graph of the function.

 

attachicon.gifCapture.PNG

 

Where the line crosses our cosine function is where the solutions are.

 

Once you find the first, call it [math]t_a[/math], you can find the other three. Your calculation seems correct.

 

I'll give you the second solution: [math]12-t_a[/math]. Do you understand how this works out?

 

EDIT: Better image.

so the next solution would be [math]12+t_a[/math] and [math]24-t_a[/math]??????

 

 

then i'll just substitute...

 

 

thanks!

Edited by gwiyomi17
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