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What exactly does the pull force of a magnet mean?


Shinok87
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Sorry if this is in the wrong section, I am new to the forum.

 

My question is about magnets. I am looking at a few, pull force is about 40 lbs. What does this mean, and how does that relate to the repulsive force?

 

Is there and equation to find out how much two magnets (40 lb pull force) will repel at different distances?

 

Thank you.pixel.gif

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Pull force is going to be based on some standard material with a given thickness and permeability. I don't know if it is an industry standard, or if various manufacturers might use different standards.

 

According to http://www.kjmagnetics.com/glossary.asp

 

Pull Force - The force required to pull a magnet free from a flat steel plate using force perpendicular to the surface. The limit of the holding power of a magnet. The pull force listed is actual data acquired by testing using our state-of-the-art force test stand.

(They go on to provide a table of pull forces for magnets they sell.)

 

 

Magnets are dipoles and their field drops off as 1/r^3 The torque you get from two dipoles is given here

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetic_moment#Forces_between_two_magnetic_dipoles

 

 

You should be able to discern the force if you know the geometry of the magnet since T = r X F

 

 

Magnetic calculator based on material and size

http://www.magnetsales.com/Design/Calc_filles/PullAndPushBetween2DiscMagnets.asp

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[Latex]Pull Force =~ \frac{HPF * Pole} {R^{3}}[/Latex]

 

Where HPF is the Head Pull Force

and Pole is peculiar to each substance (magnet or magnetic) and depends upon magnetization and permeability volume, density and shape.

 

This is on the axis of the magnet, and deviates much more away from the axis.

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