# Electromagnets and voltage

## Recommended Posts

How does an increase in voltage with a constant DC current affect an electromagnet? Is the increased voltage just transformed into heat, or extra strength in the electromagnet?

For example, at start there is an electromagnet with a current of 5A at 6V.

The current is shut off, and a new supply of 5A at 30V is applied to the same electromagnet.

How does the electromagnet react?

##### Share on other sites

Is this homework or can you specify what you mean with a "constant DC current" (a DC current or one that is constant under change of voltage)?

##### Share on other sites

It's not homework; it's my own curiosity. What I mean by constant, is that in the example, the two different supplies provide the same current of 5A. I'll clarify my example.

Stage 1. There is an electromagnet with a DC current powering it. The current is a constant 5A, and the voltage is a constant 6V.

Stage 2. The electromagnet is disconnected from the power source.

Stage 3. The electromagnet is connected to a second DC power supply. The supply provides a constant current of 5A, and a constant voltage of 30V.

Now, will the electromagnet be stronger in Stage 3, as opposed to Stage 1. Will more heat be produced in Stage 3 than Stage 1? Is there a significant voltage drop in an electromagnet? Will this drop be significantly larger in Stage 3 than Stage 1?

##### Share on other sites

what is the resistance of the electromagnets windings?

##### Share on other sites

It's the same electromagnet. Would it not have the same resistance? If you need a number, let's just say it's 1 ohm.

Edited by battousai
typo
##### Share on other sites

It's the same electromagnet. Would it not have the same resistance? If you need a number, let's just say it's 1 ohm.

V=IR

You can't dictate that the current and resistance remain constant and have a different voltage.

##### Share on other sites

Ok, I think I see where this is going. I thought with a power supply, you could set both the voltage and current magnitudes. For example, on an AC adapter it says there's a DC output of 7.5V, 5.7A, but that's with respect to the resistance of the machine it's designed to power.

In my electromagnet scenario, it would be :

Stage 1. The power supply is set to 6V, and the electromagnet has a resistance of 1 ohm, therefore the current is 6A.

Stage 2. The power supply is set to 30V, and thus the current is 30A.

I'm sorry for my mistake. Thank you for helping me solve this.

##### Share on other sites

It can do either or, DC current will most likly heat up and loose alot of the potental energy that would help with the magnets attraction, there is a lot of resistance in that wire

## Create an account

Register a new account