pioneer Posted August 13, 2007 Share Posted August 13, 2007 Here is a mind example to ponder in psychology. It has to do with how reality can be seen differently, depending if one is a specialist or a generalists. A specialists will narrow their focus so they can see things close up in all its details. The generalist has a wider view and sees more of the picture, but because of the wider field of view, often misses out on the details. Both are important, providing both details and context. Here is an illustration of this contrast. We have a photo. The specialist will use a narrow beam of light to focus on one part of this photo. This will allow him to look at its many details. As we zoom it, we notice a female who, by her pose and thin athletic build, looks like a dancer. Being close, we can see the anguish on her face. We also notice, by the label on her sweats, that she is wearing bargin mart. Based on this data one may logically conclude she is a struggling dancer who appears to be practicing, with her anguish suggesting her losing her motivation. Next, we open up the field of view to see more of the picture. We lose some of the tiny details but now we can see more of the picture. What now appears are other dancers. Some are sitting and talking. Others are stretching. Many appear more stylish than are original dancer. Based on this wider field of view our logical conclusions now change. Now she is not practing but maybe she is at a dance try-out, with the calm stylishness of the other dancers, suggesting her new, not that good or even having a bad day. Next, we open the angle of view, to see the entire picture. The details are fuzzier still but now we can see the entire picture. We notice that our dancer is now at a premier dance theatre. We also notice there is a man in the front who is yelling at her. She is the center of his attention. That explains the anguish on her face. It turns out she is the prima dancer who is being pushed to her limit by her coach. Maybe her bargain mart sweats reminds her of her early days when she was hungry. If the person with the widest view (generalists) was to suggest to the person with the narrowesr view (specialist) the girl in their sight was a prima dancer, they would think that he was off his rocker. The two different views of the same picture, close or far, lead to different things. Both are consistent with what they see but both see different things. We live in a world of specialists who can see the details of closeness. Often theory is created based on this close-up view. A generalist may see a different picture, but may be too removed to see the details. There should be more emphasis in the generalist view, since it can help get rid of some of the logical bias created by looking too close for too long. But there is not really a good generalist track in science to help this along. What we have may require much improvement. Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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