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acid amide and nitrous acid


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I am looking forward for the most plausible mechanism of the reaction between acid amide (derivative of carboxylic acid) and HNO2.

although i know the general reaction ar written in my book ie.



R-CONH2 + HNO2 == (HEAT) == >R-COOH + N2(evolved)+H2O


mechanism would hel me identifying which kinds of acid amides and participate in such reactions.

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R-CONH2 + HNO2 == (HEAT) == >R-COOH + N2(evolved)+H2O



Looking at the final products from the equation, I think the reaction mechanism may be somewhat similar to the reactions of primary amines with nitrous acid


So if that's the case, then the mechanism would be something like this:


Reagent: sodium nitrite, NaNO2 + HCl (aq)



Since the diazonium salts is not stable, it decomposes readily to form nitrogen gas and a carbocation.



The carbocation then reacts with water to give the carboxylic acid.



Overall equation:



I am not really certain, so do correct me if i am wrong. :)

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thanks for your valuable effort the mechanism seems to be correct.

one thing i also wanted to know if u can clear my doubt,



while drawing the resonating structures of chlorobenzene how can we show partial double bond character on chlorine though it cannot expand its octet?

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