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Anders Hoveland

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  1. There will indeed be electrical current (or in this case movement of ions) induced in the water. A static magnetic field can only induce eddy currents, and no useful electrical energy can be extracted. There are actually quantum mechanical reasons that these eddy currents are not subject to the type resistance relating to common electric current which produces heat. These eddy currents have very physical effects (Lenz's law, diamagnetism), but in some ways they do not behave like normal electric current. But so far, no useful energy has been derived from a stationary magnet. As incredible as it sounds, a stationary magnet will indeed induce the movement of ions in salt water, and this will essentially exhibit superconducting/superfluid-like phenomena. The specific reasons involve some calculations and science that are too complex for me to get into here. But the basic explanation is that, as frustrating as you may find this, "work cannot be extracted from nothing".
  2. I believe that the biggest change affecting the future of the United States will be changing demographics. Significant racial differences do indeed exist, and this will have a big impact on the country. Poverty and crime will increase, and the country will sink further down in world educational rankings. Someone sent me this response in another forum:
  3. I would be considered far-right on most of my social political beliefs, and I am generally not a supporter of "women's rights". But I still do not think employers should be able to ask this about women. There are some questions that people should be protected from having to answer, especially when it concerns matters of privacy not very relevent to the job. I suspect this came from the religious conservatives. I think progressive women should recognise that it is not the whole Republican Party they have a problem with, but mostly the conservative religious ones that "want to regulate female sexuality".
  4. I do not understand. Why can you not just be happy with who you are? If you like to wear boy clothes and do male types of things, why can you not do that as a woman? Why did you feel a need to alter your natural body? Wait, you said and Where you born physically male or female? I am confused. And are you attracted to other males or females?
  5. this is a science forum, you are all supposed to be geniuses... Did any of you wonder why this story received attention throughout the entire country from the media? There have been plenty of other shockingly violent attacks of gangs of black youth on older men from an outside race. Rapes and murders are not uncommon in these types of incidences. But these stories are generally confined to the local regions. Even people within the same state never hear what goes on. Obviously this was a case of a black youth being racially profiled, which led to his death as a result. But the fact that we are even discussing this story in this forum is just more proof that the media is pushing a political/social agenda by being selective about what it does and does not show on televission. Even Florida is a very populated state. There are around 40 murders in the city of Orlando alone every year. We never hear about those. And we never hear about who commits these murders... http://jacksonville.com/news/crime (my point is that if you found this link offensive, perhaps you should ask yourself why you did not find it offensive that the media has been making such a big fuss about the story being discussed in this thread, this was a racially motivated murder also) Here is just one example of a story Americans never saw in their national media: http://mylifeofcrime.wordpress.com/2007/03/03/melissa-missi-ann-mclauchlin-murder-123092/ I think we all know what would have been in the media had the a gang of white men done the same to a black...
  6. Action of Iodine on Gold. At ordinary temperatures pure dry iodine is without action on gold ; between 50° C. and the melting point of iodine combination takes place with the formation of amorphous iodide; above that temperature crystalline aurous iodide is formed. The direct reaction is always limited by the inverse decomposition of the iodide formed, but in the presence of excess of iodide pure aurous iodide may be obtained; this in excess is then best removed by subliming the mixture at a temperature of 30° ... In the presence of water, gold and iodine react in a closed vessel to form aurous iodide, but the reaction is limited, and, at normal temperatures, if the iodine can escape, the iodide is entirely decomposed. F. Meyer (Comptes rend., 1904, 139, 733). Pharmaceutical journal; A weekly record of pharmacy and allied sciences, Volume LXXIV, Great Britain, 1905 So apparently iodine can reversibly react with gold in an equilibrium reaction. This might potentially be an useful way to extract gold from discarded electronics.
  7. In above picture, 6.12 g KOH (flakes), 3.12 g Mg, 50 ml Shellsol D70, and 1.02 g 2-methyl-2-butanol are being heated in a sand bath to 200 °C, such a reaction (conducted in the absence of oxygen) can produce globules of metallic potassium after 2 hours. I have been thinking about the possibility of reducing sodium hydroxide with aluminum foil. So a calculation of the expected enthalpy of formation of such a reaction may be helpful, to get some idea as to whether such a reaction would be expected to be favorable. The enthalpy of formation for Al2O3 is -1669.8 kJ/mol, while the value for Na2O is -414.2 kJ/mol. As Al2O3 contains 3 times as many oxygen atoms per mol, 3 times 414.2 equals 1242.6, which is still less than 1669.8, so aluminum has more affinity for oxygen than sodium. And indeed an exothermic thermite reaction between sodium hydroxide and aluminum powder can produce sodium. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=908rjHQ5mmc The enthalpy of formation for AlCl3 is -705.63 kJ/mol, while the value for NaCl is -411.12 kJ/mol. As 3 times 411.12 equals 1233.36, sodium has more affinity for chlorine than aluminum. And indeed, the reduction of aluminum chloride by elemental sodium was first done by H. Sainte-Claire Deville, although H. C. Ørsted had previously used potassium instead. But of course the interaction with the alcohol would affect the enthalpy of formation, increasing the affinity of sodium for oxygen. A quick estimation of this effect can be made by comparing the enthalpy of formation for sodium hydroxide, which is no doubt even more favorable than sodium alkoxides (sodium alkoxides vigorously hydrolyse with water). NaOH -425.93 kJ/mol H2O -285.83 kJ/mol Na2O is -414.2 kJ/mol So the hydration of sodium oxide to anhydrous sodium hydroxide should release 151.83 kJ for each mole of Na2O reacted. Na2O + H2O --> 2 NaOH So it can be inferred that the presence of tert-butanol would not significantly affect the affinity of sodium for oxygen, meaning that the reduction of a sodium alkoxide by aluminum should still be energetically favorable. The competing affinities between sodium and aluminum for fluorine apparently is more complicated:
  8. Much of the chemical industry is being outsourced to China, where the wages for highly educated chemists and engineers are much lower.
  9. remember that there is a relationship between mass, space, and gravity. The phenomena of space arrises from mass. The phenomena of mass arrises from the potential energy of gravitational force. "Space" is a very long wavelength type of energy, so long that the flux is imperceptible. The "vacuum" energy (responsible for radioactive decay) is more of a rogue wave phenomena. In the absence of space, matter would move infinitely fast, simultaneously occupying an entire linear path, which is the same effect that would be observed if the matter was without mass. Neutrinos have a much lower cross section interaction, so it is possible to exceed the speed of light because there is less coupling with the vacuum energy. The coupling between light and vacuum energy is analogous to the coupling between a photon of light inside a transparent dielectric medium. (Photons are, in fact, statistically transiently absorbed into their medium, but they are reradiated in synchrony due to interference phenomena, rather than scattered) The original reason for discounting the theory of the "aether" as a medium for the propagation of light did itself become obsolete after the theory of relativity, but theorists never went back to reexamine their justification for the non-existence of aether. In other words, it is a logical fallacy to infer that the Michelson–Morley experiment disproves the theory of aether while at the same time accepting the theory of relativity. The "aether" itself is electromagnetic radiation subject to relativity, so any possible confirmation of the Michelson–Morley experiment would be contradictory to the theory of relativity. The behaviour of a high-density collection of very long wavelength photons will take on many of the properties of coherence, because the energy will be able to couple with intermediate transient vacuum particles. The delta distribution is only the "lowest" energy state possible within the confines of uncertainty, which is itself due to vacuum fluctuations! It would be completely meaningless to describe the vacuum energy (at least the coherent equilibrium)itself in terms of uncertainty. "Non-existent" particles are referred to as "vacuum energy", which can more accurately be described as fluxuations in extremely long wavelength electromagnetic energy existing in equilibrium with particle- antiparticle pairs. Since the vacuum energy is, on average, in a zero-value energy state, time and space could be inevitably biased toward normal matter. In the absence of "vacuum" energy, any particle would theoretically move with infinite speed, existing as a linear vector rather than a point-like particle. It is for this reason that, in the absence of vacuum energy, concepts of space and time do not have any meaning. The vacuum energy slows down particles by coupling its large reservoir of energy to that of the particle, effectively lending the particle rest mass. If there is too much mass in the universe than the potential energy that exists in the form of gravitational attraction will outweigh the sum of all the particles rest mass! This would obviously be impossible, because any form of energy, even gravitational potential, adds mass to a particle. One would rather suspect that the potential gravitational energy which can be derived if all mass in the universe were to collapse on itself is exactly equal to the total rest mass. In other words, an objects rest mass might actually derive not from "Higgs bosons", but rather from the fact that it has the potential to release energy as it feels the force of gravity. From this, it would not be impossible to calculate how much mass can exist in the universe. Have a feeling this is part of a wider universal constant which ties several other constants together. For example, it is estimated that 90% of a particle's rest mass is transformed into kinetic energy if it falls into a black hole. First, creating energy from "nothing" does not necessarily violate fundamental laws, if the nature of all mass-energy vectors are circular. That is to say that if the universe, and time, does actually eventually circle back on itself, rather than being infinite. There is a fundamental, but still not well understood, connection between mass-energy and space. It is unlikely that the quantity of mass or energy could be limited while the space is infinite. There is also the logical argument that if the universe is infinite, most of it is must be dark, unlike the observable region of the universe around us. read about Olbers paradox http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olbers'_paradox If time/space circles back on itself, the "creation" or "destruction" of energy may be a relative phenomena, depending on the time/space scale of reference. There are good reasons why small existence-loops of matter are unlikely to exist in small intervals, but it does suggest interesting possibilities. Especially if "string theory" has any validity, small loop vectors could very well exist. Their creation/destruction would not necessarily require any energy, since they would "create themselves", but in a much more localized way then the rest of the matter in the universe. If neutrinos can actually travel faster than light, it might suggest that the quantum vacuum is interacting with matter to give it mass, and that neutrinos apparently have less interaction with the vacuum energy. If the measurements are actually accurate, there may be other possible explanations, such as "quantum entanglement" that could be causing a particles to respond slightly prior to being affected, a sort of "time travel" phenomena within the realm of particle physics, which has already been well documented. I am rather partial to the belief that "quantum entanglement" is actually a consequence of a much more simpler phenomena; that of interference. The so-called "randomness" of decay to lower energy states cannot be entirely random. Two photons overlapping in the wrong way would result in destructive interference, which is to say that such overlap is forbiden.The real interesting phenomena is that two photons will never head towards eachother in the first place, in a way that would eventually result in destructive interference. What seems to be randomness, in which direction and phase the photons were emitted, is actually predetermined to avoid a future forbiden state. This is not specifically to say that a decaying particle "knows" what will happen in the future, but there does seem to be some sort of correlation, which is not well understood. And I think the difficulty understanding this comes mostly from our limited perception of time in terms of "cause" and "effect". Time is not necessarily "flowing" forward or backward. I think that things are less "Random" than we realise, and that there exist patterns between the past and future which cannot be explained merely through cause and effect. As for the nature of the universe, the only thing that can be said is that everything that "exists" is only relative to everything else that exists. It is illogical to claim any inherent property for anything outside of this.
  10. The American worker cannot and should not have to compete with impoverished third world laborers willing to work for survival level wages! I have no problem with free trade with another country, but only when it has similar living standards and environmental protection laws. I know Reaver is going to jump into this thread and complain that protectionism prevents the economy from expanding and would start trade wars. What will really prevent the economy from expanding is if the wages of the American worker decline even more. Yes, trade with China is lowering prices of many consumer goods, but it is driving down wages much more. American exports to China are insignificant when compared to imports. The USA would have far more to gain than to lose in a trade war with China. Trade with Mexico is somewhat different. I do not like it, for several good reasons, but it is far better than more unemployed Mexicans illegally entering the USA to work, so one cannot begin to argue against trade with Mexico until the problem of illegal immigration into the USA has been delt with. The USA is a huge country with enough natural resources and a huge, specialized, labor force, and diversified industries. It could get along completely fine without any trade with outside world, with the possible exception of its insatiable addiction to petroleum. Lack of free trade certainly is not, and would not be, a real cause of lower living standards.
  11. Bringing in more people is only going to make things worse. The idea that there are not enough young people shows a complete failure to understand the real structure of the economy. Simply put, this is an example of the logical fallacy of composition. If there are more people, wages will go down! There simply are not enough decent paying jobs for every person. More competition amongst a surplus of workers for scarce good paying jobs will drive down wages. And who will pay for the new workers once they become older? Seems like a pyramid scheme. I have heard over and over again in these types of articles by western economists that Japan needs to let in migrant labor to take care of its aging demographic. But I myself am very knowledgeable about what it is actually like in Japan, and can say that bringing in more people would be a DISASTER. There is plenty of unemployment as it is, far more so than the government wants to admit or the offical statistics show. And around a quarter of the people who are working are stuck in low wage jobs and essentially cannot afford to live on their own in such a high cost of living country. There are plenty of Japanese younger adults that could be taking care of the elderly already, but many of the old simply cannot afford the care. Are economists seriously suggesting bringing in cheaper labor to solve the problem?!
  12. Obviously one would need some plastic containers and tubing (available at a hardware store) to handle the HF and SiF4 gases, and a metal container for the main reaction. Something like this could easily handle the HF, see the plastic container and tubing in the below page: https://sites.google...ical/exeriments The last part of the tube should be attached to a metal pipe so that it can buble the SiF4 into the molten salt, since plastic would otherwise melt.
  13. The traditional route to making SiCl4 and SiI4 is to burn elemental silicon with the halogen. While this route is very direct, it requires very high temperatures. It can also be difficult to obtain the silicon to begin with since silica can only be reduced with carbon in an electric furnace. Here is an interesting new alternative: Dissolving CaCl2 into molten zinc chloride (which melts at only 292 °C ), then bubbling in SiF4 (made by reacting silica with hydrofluoric acid). Anhydrous aluminum trichloride has an even lower melting point, 192.4 °C (this surprising number is not an error!) (2)CaCl2 + SiF4 --> (2)CaF2 + SiCl4 The silicon tetrachloride could then be combined with sodium iodide and used just like anhydrous HI for most reaction purposes. ZnCl2 can be made by passing dry chlorine gas into ethyl ether with a piece of metallic zinc. The ZnCl2 that forms actually dissolves in the ether. It might work for aluminum also. "Solutions of Aluminum Chloride in Ethers", Gordon G. Evans, Thomas R. P. Gibb Jr., J. Kevin Kennedy, Frank P. Del Greco J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1954, 76 (19), pp 4861–4862 Aluminum triiodide melts at 189.4 °C, so if this was used as the solvent, silicon tetraiodide could be obtained. (2)CaI2 + SiF4 --> (2)CaF2 + SiI4 The formation of calcium fluoride is driven by the fact that it is so insoluble, having such a high crystal lattice energy. Otherwise, of course, the reaction would be just the opposite. Silicon tetraiodide could be dissolved in chloroform, then reacted with a limited quantity of water to form anhydrous hydrogen iodide. SiI4 + (2)H2O --> SiO2 + (4)HI It is interesting to note that SiF4 has much less of a tendancy to hydrolyse in water than the other silicon-halogen compounds. (3)SiF4 + (4)H2O <==> (2)H2SiF6 + Si(OH)4 Indeed, although it is a very well known reaction, it is otherwise quite exceptional that hydrofluoric acid can react with silica. Silicon tetrafluoride is a gas. SiO2 + (4)HF --> SiF4 + (2)H2O Does this idea seem like it would be feasible? Do you think it would be practical?
  14. One of the purposes of junk DNA may be to store genetic mutations from the past that are currently uncompetitive, but may be useful in the future. For example, penguins descended from ancestors with the capability of flight. Several genes potentially advantageous to the ability to fly could possibly be stored in the species junk DNA. At some point in the future if the environmental conditions change, penguins theoretically have the capability to revert back to flight through natural selection much faster, because their distant ancestors had already evolved the necessary genes.
  15. Science, Volume 45, American Association for the Advancement of Science, p507 “The Action of Hydrogen Peroxide upon Simple Carbon Compounds H. Shipley Fry and John H. Payne, Journal of the American Chemical Society (1931) for more details about this reaction see Journal of the American Chemical Society, Volume 29, Issue 2, p1233, http://books.google.com/books?id=5FQ2AQAAIAAJ&pg=PA1233&lpg=PA1233&dq=hydrogen+peroxide+reduces+carbon+dioxide+to+formic+acid&source=bl&ots=EaNQGUBpDi&sig=7SfsB6cxGgMrkLpeZ2-54gHNIjM&hl=en&ei=C4LdTurtLrLQiAL6iKHmAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CCIQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=hydrogen%20peroxide%20reduces%20carbon%20dioxide%20to%20formic%20acid&f=false which explains that the hydrogen is formed only as the formaldehyde is being oxidized to formic acid 2HCHO + H2O2 --> 2HCOOH + H2 but not when the formic acid is subsequently oxidized to carbon dioxide. And some of the formaldehyde is oxidized to formic acid without any matching formation of hydrogen. About twice as much carbon dioxide is evolved as hydrogen gas. The reaction between formic acid and hydrogen peroxide must be more complicated. Simply mixing the two chemicals apparently results in "performic acid", HOOCH=O, in equilibrium. The oxidation of formic acid to carbon dioxide apparently requires alkaline conditions. Other than the mention in the above source, I cannot find anything else about hydrogen peroxide being able to reduce carbonic acid to formic acid, and such a reaction is very doubtful. I assume that the author made a mistake. I also found mention in another source that "Reduction of carbon dioxide by hydrogen peroxide... in the production of oxygen and formic acid from carbonic acid and hydrogen peroxide", but this was in the context of hypothesized uptake of carbon dioxide by plants in the year 1919, before the complete modern understanding of photosynthesis, so I would be very hesitant to accept it as fact. Chemical abstracts, Volume 13, Issue 2, American Chemical Society. p1483 subarticle by Carl L. Alsberg. http://books.google.com/books?id=8cW2AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA1483&dq=reduction+of+carbonic+acid+with+hydrogen+peroxide&hl=en&ei=tIfdTt6WGY_8iQKWsK35Aw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9&ved=0CFgQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=reduction%20of%20carbonic%20acid%20with%20hydrogen%20peroxide&f=false Other Reactions involving liberation of Hydrogen from Organic Compounds Wurtz found that ethylene glycol fused with solid potassium hydroxide yielded mostly potassium oxalate and hydrogen gas. The yield of hydrogen was 58% of that required by the below proposed reaction C2H6O2 + 2KOH --> K2C2O4 + 4H2 Rosorcinol (1,3-dihydroxy-benzene) is similarly converted to phloroglucinol (1,3,5-trihydroxy-bezene) by fusion with sodium hydroxide, with the evolution of hydrogen. These are both unusual examples of disproportionation reactions, where a compound is simultaneously oxidized and reduced. source: "THE LIBERATION OF HYDROGEN FROM CARBON COMPOUNDS", Shipley Fry, Else L. Schulze, Helen Weitkamp J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1924, 46 (10), pp 2268–2275 Reaction Mechanism I have a theory about how the reaction might proceed. I think the reaction mechanism might involve the formation of an HO-O-O-CH=O intermediate, and cylization of this intermediate to an unstable square ring, which could then decompose into O2, CO2, and H2 The driving force for the typically unfavorable formation of H2 would be the simultaneous formation of O2 and CO2, which are highly favorable. The transient square ring would contain 3 atoms of oxygen and 1 atom of carbon, with an additional fourth oxygen, with a negetive charge on it, bonded to the carbon. A single atom of hydrogen would also be bonded to the carbon. The hydrogen atom on this ring would encounter a positively charged hydrogen ion from outside, which would pull out the negetive charge on the oxygen atom through the molecule. I am mostly writing this paragraph in the event that the accompanying picture stops working at some time. If this is in fact correct, it suggests that the formation of hydrogen may actually be due to the oxidation of formic acid to carbon dioxide, rather than the direct oxidation of formaldehyde to formic acid. It is known, for example, that dihydrogen trioxide, H2O3, has a transient existence in alkaline solution of hydrogen peroxide, and this could potentially be the reason that alkaline H2O2 acts as a stronger oxidizing agent. H2O2 <==> HOO[-] + H[+] H2O2 + HOO[-] <==> H2O3 + OH[-] I really do not know if this is the correct reaction mechanism, or whether there is some other more predominant mechanism, but for now it seems like the best explanation for the liberation of hydrogen gas. For pictures of the proposed reaction mechanism, you can see: http://www.sciencemadness.org/talk/viewthread.php?tid=18169 (third post down)
  16. I was thinking about what possible routes there might be to potentially making sulfur diiodide, since this simple compound is apparently so elusive. I imagine researchers have already attempted all the obvious routes. What about reacting excess anhydrous hydrogen iodide with SF4 ? The only fluroide of iodine that can be isolated is iodine pentafluoride. Presumably SF4 would not oxidize I2. SF4 + (4)HI --> SI2 + I2 + (4)HF The iodine could potentially ionize in the form of H2F[+] I[-], which could be problematic. Best to use at least 8 equivalents of HI for every 1 SF4. What do you think would this work? Other typical routes, such as SH2 with iodine, or SCl2 with HI, are destined for failure, because in the absence of water iodine is surprisingly more electropositive than sulfur, and vulnerable to oxidation because of its large atomic radius. Indeed, perhaps the hypothetical compound should be referred to as "diiodine sulfide".
  17. Rosorcinol (1,3-dihydroxy-benzene) can be converted to phloroglucinol (1,3,5-trihydroxy-bezene) by [heating] fusion with solid sodium hydroxide. the reaction also releases hydrogen gas. "THE LIBERATION OF HYDROGEN FROM CARBON COMPOUNDS", Shipley Fry, Else L. Schulze, Helen Weitkamp J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1924, 46 (10), pp 2268–2275 Journal of the Chemical Society, Volume 60 (Great Britain), p191 A dictionary of chemistry and the allied branches of other sciences, Volume 4, p488 It would appear that whereas phloroglucin[ol] is the tautomer of 1,2,3-trihydroxy-benzene, phloroglucin, which is a partial imine of a tri-ketone, is the tautomer of 3,5-dihydroxy-aniline. The picture (on page 718, figures 15 and 16) clearly shows that hydroxylamine condenses with phloroglucinol to form the tri-oxime of cylcohexane. Chemistry of Phenols, Part 2 Zvi Rappoport, p717-718 http://books.google.com/books?id=0pVQgwt5ODoC&pg=PA718&lpg=PA718&dq=phloroglucinol+3,5-dihydroxyaniline&source=bl&ots=U_n0bCoPSk&sig=YeAbhRflCHg1elC-nKvmDKBLZCM&hl=en&ei=qpfeTr3TFu7ciQLH84WEDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCAQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=phloroglucinol%203%2C5-dihydroxyaniline&f=false I cannot find any references about further condensing 3,5-diaminophenol with ammonia to form 1,3,5-triaminobenzene, although I did find a reference to the reverse reaction, Chemistry of carbon compounds: a modern comprehensive treatise, edited by E. H. Rodd, p483; specific reference made to H. Weidel and J. Pollak, Monatsh., 1900, 21, 20 Reports on the progress of applied chemistry, Volume 33, p74 It may be possible that a third amino group cannot be added. But the fact that hydroxylamine can fully condense with 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene suggests that ammonia may also be able to react likewise.
  18. Does the chlorine in swimming pools contribute to depletion of the ozone layer? It is known, for example, that chlorine reacts with acetone at room temperature to form chloroacetone, which could potentially find its way up to the ozone layer and cause problems. Consider this: a swimmer with diabetes, when going through ketoacidosis, can emitt acetone from their breath and skin. Should we be keeping people with diabetes away from pools? If elemental chlorine is too reactive to make its way into the ozone layer, what exactly does it react with that neutralizes it?
  19. I am not sure I believe it! Hydrogen gas can be liberated by partial oxidation of formaldehyde using either H2O2 or CuO under certain reaction conditions. Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry, Volume 18, p716-717. [July 31, 1839] The fact that hydrogen and oxygen gas can be liberated together from the same solution simultaneously may also be of interest, for making gas explosions inside of closed plastic bottles.
  20. Some argue that it is actually men that are the oppressed sex. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Myth_of_Male_Power Why is the main responsibility for supporting the family financially placed on the husband? Even in families that try to be "sexually equal", the women still holds one-sided expectations about her husbands ability to provide. Women have higher educational attainment than men. Although they earn slightly less, it is amazing that the wage gap is so narrow considering the typical unwillingness of women to seek unfulfilling careers with rigid working hours. How much do you think men would earn if they all "pursued their passions" and viewed their careers more as "creative outlets" ?
  21. Brazil is supposedly a free democracy with a rapidly growing economy, yet its prisoners are crammed into overcrowded rooms and fed rotten food. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3768145.stm http://metrostudies.berkeley.edu/pubs/reports/Wacquant_MILITARIZATIONURBMARGBRAZIL-pub.pdf
  22. The fact that I made a few posts in the forum does not necessarily imply that I share the same opinions as other members of that forum. This is exactly what Israel and Japan do. Even India is known to shoot refugees trying to illegally flee into the country on site. sources and links: http://www.guardian....-to-kill-policy Even the USA has many times supported what is essentially racial separatism in its foreign policy: http://www.guardian....ence-us-support Why the double standard? Why is North America and Western Europe made to feel guilty if they do not embrace ethnic diversity, while most of the rest of the world takes it for granted?
  23. Precipitated cuprous oxide [Cu2O] is acted on rapidly by phosphine at ordinary temperature, forming a grey white mass and water, the grey substance is quite insoluble in water, if air be excluded; it is [PCu3]. It melts at a red heat, is rapidly dissolved by nitric acid or bromine water, and is attacked by hot sulfuric acid, with the formation of sulfur dioxide and phosphine. It does not reduce potassium permanganate. While phosphine acts differently on the aqueous solutions of different cupric salts, its action of the ammoniacal solutions of all of them (chloride, sulfate, nitrate, acetate, formate, hydroxide) is the same. Copper phosphide is formed in amount corresponding to two-thirds of the phosphine which disappears, while the phopshorous of the other third is founf in the liquid, as phosphoruc and hypophosphorous acids in molecular proportions- (6)PH3 + (12)CuCl2 + (6)H2O + (x)NH3 --> (4)PCu3 + PO4H3 + PO2H3 + (24)HCl + (x)NH3 If, after the absorption of the phosphine, oxygen be admitted, the precipitate redissolves completely, using up a volume of oxygen double that of the phosphine absorbed in the first place. Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry, Volume 18, p716
  24. I was not aware you were an immigrant. 1 out of 4 people in the UK live in poverty, while almost 1 out of 3 children live in poverty: http://www.deredactie.be/cm/vrtnieuws.english/mediatheek_en/1.1166243 Obviously people cannot find enough decent paying jobs. How will more people help?
  25. But poor immigrants do not have any money!!! They will recieve more wages than they have money to spend. Indeed, a large portion of the money will be sent abroad to their families. Immigrants take up scarce housing. It should be obvious. But just in case it is not... If you can face the unabashed truth without being offended, you might also see: http://www.newnation.co/forums/showthread.php?t=233182 http://www.newnation.co/forums/showthread.php?t=233702
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