# Farsight

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## Posts posted by Farsight

### Time Explained

You know how I mentioned in the essay that smell was all down to molecular shape? Well maybe I was wrong. Because this guy reckons it's down to molecular vibration:

http://www.newscientist.com/channel/opinion/mg19225780.123-interview-a-nose-for-controversy.html

That's motion again. So that's:

Sight detects the vibrational motion of photons

Sound detects the vibrational motion through air molecules

Smell detects the vibrational motion of airborne molecules

Touch detects the vibrational motion of heat plus other motion stuff

Taste detects... aw, four out of five ain't bad.

Kinda makes you think huh?

OK. Saturday night, gotta go. Ciao for now.

### Time Explained

wouldn't 't' be required to prove you wrong? as in t=(something) thats a bit like saying prove the existence of water but make sure you don't include water in any of the reactions.
Not really. You prove the existence of water by throwing a bucket of the stuff over somebody's head. And anyhow, you could do a nice reaction using Oxygen and Hydrogen, BOOM!

No, the point is that anybody with any expertise in maths knows that t is axiomatic. It's a given, an assumption, and you can't use maths to prove what time really is. That's why serious guys like swansont aren't interested in TIME EXPLAINED. It lies beyond maths, and without maths, in their eyes it's "mere metaphysics".

### Time Explained

Ok so you are proposing a different usage of the word. Well, what is your definition of both time and velocity that is unambiguous and can be used to make logical predictions and that those prediction can then be tested against observed phenomena. Rewriting the scientific and mathematical definitions of both velocity and dimension is a big undertaking and must present us with a logically consistent, mathematical and scientific concept based on established and proven mathematical axioms.

I've given you the essay, and I've said velocity should have its own c-based units, like temperature has degrees. I can't give a mathematical definition of the degrees we use in temperature. Nobody can. They are definitive. And even if I could, I couldn't base it on proven mathematical axioms, becuase axioms aren't proven. They're axioms. And therein lies your whole problem.

You argue that we can measure temperature and that we can also measure time, so time and temperature must have the same reality, and since we don't refer to temperature as a dimension then we can remove time as a dimension. However we also measure distance, so does this eliminate what we call the 3 spatial dimensions as dimension too?

Are you being deliberately obtuse? I've already told you spatial dimensions are degrees of freedom. I can move through a spatial dimension. I can't move through the "temperature" dimension, nor can I move through the "time" dimension. And have you forgotten the link I posted that said temperature used to be thought of as a fundamental dimension?

But what is C. It is distance (~300,000) divided by Time (1 second). Time is a fundamental property of C. Therefore Time is more fundamental than C. C its self is just a velocity.

C is fundamental. It is velocity. Your velocity as a fraction of c determines your time experience.

The core of relativity was that time is a dimension. In fact it is so central to relativity, that without it, relativity does not work. The major breakthrough the Einstein had was when he realised that Time was a dimension perpendicular to all the dimensions of space.

No. Einstein was pissed off when Minkowski treated time as a fourth dimension.

If you are free falling into a black hole, can you freely moving in the vertical spatial dimension? No. Does this mean that that dimension does not exist? Again: No.
Oh yes you can move in a vertical direction. But the vertical direction curves back round to the black hole. All roads point to Rome.

Take a photon. It is moving at the speed of light. That means that the spatial dimension in the direction of motion is reduced to 0. Therefore that photon can not move freely in that dimension. Does that mean that there is not 3 dimensions? Yet again: No.

A photon is moving in that dimension. It experiences events. But not time.

Not being able to freely move in a dimension does not mean that it does not exist. If you are going to prove that Time is not a dimension, then you will need some other reason as that one can not be used to prove that some thing does not exist as a dimension.

I'll say it yet again: Time is a dimension but only in the sense that it is a measure. In this respect it is like temperature. It is not a dimension like the dimensions of space that offer degrees of freedom for motion.

Velocity is the result of the components of time and space (distance), then the components (time and space) must therefore be more fundamental than the resultant: Velocity. There is no straw man there. You made the claim that time is less fundamental than velocity. And the logic above disproves it. Can you find fault with my logic?

Yes, c is fundamental and constant, and is a velocity. It dictates your experience of time. Therefore velocity is more fundamental.

Here is another incorrect claim in your initial post (and again it is in line with the other mistakes). A "change of place" is not motion, it is displacement. Motion is displacement that occurs over a period of time. So if you are using a definition of Motion that is different from the accepted definition of motion but is exactly the same as another definition called displacement, then what you are doing is arguing semantics, not science.

Here we go again Ed. You're telling me motion demands a period of time therefore I must be wrong. Yet again you use the axiom to "disprove" my essay.

Velocity is a vector (but speed is the scalar for velocity). Mass is a scalar. Scalars are not a dimension. Temperature is a scalar. Scalars, when multiplied or divided with a vector only change the magnitude of the vector. If you multiply or divide a distance by Time, you change the vector, not just increase its magnitude...

It looks like you're using semantics to dress up the axiom to again "disprove" the essay. And didn't the other definition tell you mass was a dimension? Have you actually understood what I've been telling you about dimensions? Ask somebody else what a dimension is, somebody you trust.

You can arrange the formulas to derive a period of time (the displacement in time) from velocity, but this does not mean that velocity is more fundamental than time. You can arrange those same equations to derive space from velocity, but you are not arguing that space is a result of motion (which you would have to do to maintain any consistency in your theory).

No Ed. Things move through space. We can move through space. That's what motion is. Something is there. Now its there, now its there, now its there, now its here. It moved. And all the time it was now. It moved through space. I can move through space. It's dead easy. In any direction. But I can't do that with time. Because time just a measure of the motion, and you can't move through the measure of the motion.

You can't, with a theory, just arbitrarily limit the mathematical effects of it because it does not sit with your aesthetic expectations. The maths for the calculations of space have been mathematically proven to be the same as time. So if you propose a theory that changes the maths of time, then either you have to show mathematically that the maths that govern Time are different to the Maths that govern Space, or accept that the theory that you propose applies equally well to all result of the effects mathematics (in this case it applies to space as well as time). As we can plainly see that space exist, you must therefore, to avoid this inconsistency in your theory, mathematically prove that time either does not exist, or is not governed by the same mathematics as space. You have made the claim that time does not exist, but have not provided the mathematical proof of this.

I didn't say time doesn't exist. As I've said before, it exists, like heat exists, and is similarly derived from motion. But it doesn't have a length, and there is no degree of freedom. We can not "travel" in time, because it is a comparative measure of travel. And I can't prove this with maths because its axiomatic. That's why nobody can "show me the maths" to disprove my argument.

I just noticed the big error in this example. In this example the two frames of reference are not equal. In the example, the nail undergoes acceleration where as the cylinder does not. The conclusions, therefore can not be the same for both the cylinder and the nail. The nail, because it has undergone acceleration, experiences the contraction of length in the direction of travel, so not only will the cylinder appear shortened, but so will it. It will collide with both the bottom of the cylinder and the top at the same time (as both it and the can will have undergone the same length contraction). The cylinder on the other hand has not undergone acceleration and so will see a different frame of reference. That is it will have see the "clock" on the nail slowed down, but not length contraction. Therefore it will detect the collision with the point and the head of the nail at the same time. There is no contradiction it is just that the fact that the nail has undergone acceleration and the cylinder hasn't (putting them in different frames of reference) was not taken into account.

Ed, this is too much. I'm sorry, but you just don't understand what you're saying. There is symmetry between the cylinder's view of the nail and the nail's view of the cylinder. Find out more about this. Do not feel tempted to argue about it.

OK, that's the last "superlong" post of yours that I will respond to at length. You keep repeating the same thing, which is basically "motion is defined by time". Read the essay again. Show it to somebody you trust. Note that "concept" is missing after "current" in the opening paragraph.

What I explained is how motion defines time. By all means challenge this, but find something better to challenge it with than "motion is defined by time". You're just going round and round your axiomatic circle. I really do understand Special Relativity. It's because I understand it that I also understand the implications for time.

### Time Explained

insane_alien: sure it can. But my TIME EXPLAINED essay says it's the wrong way of looking at it.

edtharan: explain the geometrical necessity of mass. Don't try to white out your fatal error with a blizzard of other stuff.

### Time Explained

You've got to be kidding Ed. That's a dictionary definition. You know it's not my definition. You know what I said: velocity is fundamental, your velocity as compared to c dictates your time experience, ergo velocity is fundamental, time isn't. Yes time is a dimension because it's a measure, like temperature is a measure, but it's not a dimension you can move in. Yes you can do useful mathematics by considering it to be perpendicular to the spatial dimensions, but that's only maths. It isn't really perpendicular. It's got as much direction and perpendicularity as the set of integers.

Now stop pretending I said things I didn't in order to launch "straw man" attempts to discredit my argument.

It is a fundamental property of what we call a dimension. Try it. Create a dimension that is not at 90 degrees (perpendicular) to all others (say a 3rd dimension that is at 45 degrees from both the X and Y planes). You will find it is a redundant measurement as any point along it can be defined by the properties of the original 2 planes (X and Y).

Ed. Did you skip over the bits of dictionary definition that busted your axiomatic doctrine? Here is again. Look it up on google yourself.

5. Physics: A physical property, such as mass, length, time, or a combination thereof, regarded as a fundamental measure or as one of a set of fundamental measures of a physical quantity: Velocity has the dimensions of length divided by time.

Try arguing about the geometrical necessity of mass. And please don't try the Grade School insults. Try logical, honest, reasoned scientific debate instead.

### Take a look at this paper about General Relativity

DH: the difference is that my spacetime is timeless. My c is fundamental, it's a velocity not a speed, and its true dimensions are not length and time because these depend on your velocity with respect to c. It means all reference frames are subjective, none are objective. That leaves me no room for an absolute reference frame. Semantics maybe to you, but it's important to me.

I guess I do refer to the Universe. If we sit motionless in space the stars are spherical, and a rod is 7m long. But if we zip around at .99c our time dilation is sevenfold, as is the length contraction. The stars are now like thickcrust pizzas all face-on, rotating in a very strange fashion. And the rod is maybe 7m long, or maybe 1m long depending on our direction of approach.

Sure, if the whole Universe was zipping along with us at .99c we wouldn't know the difference, the time dilation would be offset by the length contraction. The spinning stars would be spheres again. So I guess the Universe is my aether and my absolute reference frame, only I don't know and don't care if it's really absolute.

What's absolute enough is the spherical shape of Saturn with its circular rings, the shadow on its face that I can triangulate to work out a billion miles. If I blast off towards it at .99c I know it hasn't turned into a flat striped disc where Mars used to be.

### Take a look at this paper about General Relativity

Aw, sugar that pill Zanket. I'll have to get back to you on that acceleration example.

That both are a and b are true is a direct consequence of the second hypothesis of special relativity...

Is that a typo DH? Aren't you saying b is false?

PS: I don't have a secret absolute reference frame. But I do have a touch of aether - not the old-style aether wind stuff, but a property of space that sets c and distinguishes it from nothing. This is space rather than spacetime, time is subjective to velocity, and while velocity is limited to c, speed is not. And my own typo is that I should have said The apparent speed rather than The apparent velocity.

### Time Explained

And if and when you get back to me, please try to keep it short. Take your bestest, most crucial telling point of superior logic, and use it to point out the flaw in TIME EXPLAINED. That's science Ed.

### Take a look at this paper about General Relativity

For the record, I don't think there's anything wrong with Special Relativity. But I don't think people properly understand what it really means. This makes me feel less confident about General Relativity, enough to listen to Zanket regardless of the longevity of the theory.

Please can we nail down this point:

a) The apparent velocity of a meteorite falling past a 30m tree is limited to c in the tree's frame.

b) The apparent velocity of a stationary meteor puncturing a relativistic 30m rocket from top to bottom is not limited to c in the crew's frame.

Everybody agrees with a, but can anybody give some cool calm maths to illustrate why b is right or wrong, with particular attention to the limit condition?

### Time Explained

No, you didn't explicitly state it, but you interpretation does imply it and can not be true without a universal frame of reference. That is unless your argument is about the semantics what "Time Travel" means.

I didn't say anything about an absolute reference frame in the essay, so it's wrong of you to say I said it or even implied it, and then use that to try to disprove what I did actually say. And my argument is there is no time travel. There's no semantics in that. But you keep talking about time dilation as if it's time travel, so if anybody has a problem with their semantics it's you.

Also you use "motion" to support your claim that time does not exist. However Motion requires time to exist. Motion is distance travelled over a period of time. Therefore motion proves time exists and is not in our minds. Distance doesn't require time and one can talk about the distance between two locations without time, but if you were to travel (that is have motion) between them, then time must exist as a fundamental property of the scenario you are discussing (in this case the universe). If you have motion, there is no what that time can not exist, just like you could not discuss it without distance.

No. Motion is the fundamental thing that is there, not time. That's the whole point of the essay. You flatly deny this then use it to try to disprove the essay. That's no proof at all. It's like me declaring 1+1=3 and then saying I therefore disprove 1+1=2.

Time is as fundamental to a universe that has "motion" as is the distance that the objects move. It is not perception, it is not a way of thinking, it is fundamental to the existence of anything called motion. It is not caused by it. Motion is totally dependent on the existence of time, so time is more fundamental than motion and can not be cause by motion.

No. Motion is motion. Or more properly velocity, expressed in the same fundamental units as c. You measure it using space and time, but your experience of time depends on your own motion through space. A photon travelling at c experiences no time. As far as the photon is concerned, its speed is infinite. And whilst there's no time for the photon, there are events.

Events, as I stated are coordinates in space-time, a 4 dimensional coordinate. A series of these marks out a line in space time. If we then ignore the 3 spatial dimensions, then we are still left with a dimension unaccounted for. We call this time.

Events are events, not coordinates. Sure you can assign numbers to mark out the position of events in space. These numbers are coordinates. You can move at will from one space coordinate to another. You can assign a fourth number to denote the event in your experience of time, but it's not a coordinate. You cannot move at will to a new time coordinate.

Even in normal language it is impossible to refer to an event without the reference of time. It is an essential part of locating it. It is a fundamental property of what we call an event.

Yes, we refer to time when we describe an event. But in the cylinder and the nail A happens before B, or B happens before A depending on your viewpoint. The event sequence depends on whether you're riding a moving cylinder or a moving nail. That means it's subjective, and is therefore not a fundamental property of the event. See my Einstein quote on this a few posts back.

Dimension literally means "Direction of measurement", if we can make measurement on it and it is perpendicular (that is at 90 degrees to) all other dimensions, then it is a dimension. As Time is a fundamental coordinate (ie measurement) of an event, and it is perpendicular (you can't create that direction through the use of any or all other dimensions - a result of being perpendicular), then it classifies as a dimension in its own right.

Look it up Ed. A dimension is a measured property, not a measured direction. And ask yourself where "perpendicular" comes from here. Nowhere.

5. Physics: A physical property, such as mass, length, time, or a combination thereof, regarded as a fundamental measure or as one of a set of fundamental measures of a physical quantity: Velocity has the dimensions of length divided by time.

And as I explained earlier, Time is a fundamental property when discussing motion and can not be created by it. Therefore you theory can not be true (you claim that time is a result of motion and not a dimension at all).

Again you're making a flat assertion then trying to use it disprove the essay.

There is no way that you can discuss an event without reference to time and no what that you can discuss motion without reference to time. Time is a fundamental property of both of these and therefore can not be created by either of them.

Now that is a reference to an absolute frame of reference as your "now" can be different to my "now" (as per relativity). If there is only 1 place in time that can be considered "Now" that is an absolute frame of reference and that is what I am saying is necessary for your theory to be true and you are agreeing with me on it. If this is not what you are implying, then all you are talking about is the semantics of "Time" rather than an actual explanation of time.

I've already said there's no absolute frame of reference when it comes to time. See previous post. There is "no one place in time" because there is no fundamental time. My now is not different to your now, because when we collide we collide now. I don't collide with you before you collide with me, whatever our clocks say. I'm not talking semantics, you are. I explained time, you refuse to accept it because you're still clinging to the groundless axiom that time is a length. And you're using this as some kind of proof. It doesn't work Ed. Read the essay again. Properly. This time with an open, scientific mind. It is what Einstein thought.

### Time Explained

That's a long post Ed. Let's see now:

But it is not at the same time.

It was at the same time. They didn't miss each other by a minute. BANG, they collided, clock 1 didn't hit clock 2 before clock 2 hit clock 1, whatever their readings said.

On one clock they crash at (for example) 5 hours after one of them left, and the other at 4 house and 59 minutes after they left. This is not the same time according to the two clocks. Are you saying that the clock that was moving just has its mechanics slowed down?

Basically yes. The clock that was moving had its mechanism "slowed down" because the lateral motion of its photons/atoms/electrons had to cover the forward travelling motion. Look at the triangles in this "time dilation" article:

If it has "experienced" a different amount of time than the clock at rest, then it must have travelled through time faster than the clock that remained at rest or they would show the exact same time.

No Ed. It experienced a different amount of time. I hope we can all agree on that. But your "must" is plucked out of the air. There's no "must" about it. Your "must" presumes that time is a dimension you can travel through, rather than a dimension that is merely a measure of events and motions.

So you are seeing an absolute frame of reference for time (ie: that the clock at rest show the absolute frame of reference), and that the clock that was moving just experienced "less" time. But I ask you, why did the moving clock experience less time if there is an absolute frame of reference? With an absolute time you can't experience "less time" as that would violate the "Absolute Time" hypothesis. Thus your argument is self contradictory.

I never said anything about any Absolute Frame of Reference. So how you can use this to say my argument is self-contradictory I don't know. What I'm saying is that all frames of reference are subjective, because time is an experience derived from motion rather than a fundamental property. If all frames are subjective, none are objective, and no absolute frame of reference is objective either.

The only other possibility is that there is no "Absolute" reference for time and each object experiences its own time and there forethe clocks collide with each other at their own respective "Now"s. One of which was 5 hours after the left, the other was at 4h 59m after they left. The term "Now" does not have any meaning unless you refer to it in an Space-Time metric (which takes into account your frame of reference - that is moving or stationary).

See above re Absolute Frame of Reference. Now does have meaning. It has crucial meaning. It's the only place "in time" that there is. And regardless of your time experience, there is only now. That means time travel is impossible.

This is backed up by observation. Certain particles have very short lifetimes. This means that they only can exist for a short period of time before decaying into other particles. Some of these are only fractions of a second...

Yep, I know about muons. I'm not disputing Special Relativity. I'm arguing for the correct interpretation of it. OK I'm at work, so I'll have to respond to your other points later.

### Take a look at this paper about General Relativity

Zanket:

I think you ought to change the introduction in your paper to talk about a meteorite falling past a 30m tree, and then about a stationary meteor puncturing a relativistic 30m rocket from top to bottom. The duration of the former is limited to c in the tree's frame, whilst the duration of the latter is not limited to c in the crew's frame. This is clearer than the receding star. Personally I'd also change the word "flaw" to something like "query".

Yes, there's something important here, but I'm not sure your conclusions are right. In fact I'm wondering whether you're going in the wrong direction. The black hole is the problem, because whilst you're falling from infinity to that event horizon I could be overtaking you in my powered spaceship: and as far as you're concerned, I'm travelling faster than c. I need to think some more about this. I'm pretty sure the answer will come in time.

### Time Explained

I noticed that you have a lot of analogies in the initial post. However, none of the analogies are proven to be strong (thus they form a weak analogy and enter into the False Analogy logical fallacy).

Whoa there.

You have used a lot of analogies: Agreed.

None of the analogies are proven to be strong: Who proves analogies? Not me. They're just analogies to help understanding.

Thus they form a weak analogy and enter the False Analogy category: They're just analogies. Who says they're weak? You. Who then says they're false? You. And look at you with your "thus", you're pretending to employ deductive reasoning. Come off it Ed.

The whole argument rests on the analogy that time is a perception like colour. But this is never really demonstrated, it is just claimed. This claim must be supported by evidence (not further analogies).

No it doesn't. The whole argument is that time is an experience based on motion, like heat. Not a perception like colour. As for evidence, I keep telling you about two clocks colliding. One of these clocks travelled fast and far though space, and has experienced less time, but you insist it has "travelled" in time even though both clocks collide at the same time. It's so blindingly obvious. So crushingly simple. But you refuse to acknowledge the evidence I give, and you're blind to the lack of evidence for your own view.

Ed, this is the most important essay you will ever read on a bulletin board. In a while it won't be on a bulletin board. It'll be in magazines. It will be on TV. It will become accepted mainstream science. People will win prizes. This is what Einstein thought. It isn't crackpot nonsense. Unconvince yourself that it is.

### Take a look at this paper about General Relativity

Zanket: Sorry about the English thing. My mistake.

DH: Stop digging. If you travel very very fast you can traverse a great distance in what to you seems like a short time.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_dilation

Let's say you manage to accelerate to a huge velocity very close to c, such that you can travel a light year in what seems like 24 hours. You aren't actually exceeding c of course, but your time dilation is such that when you look at your shipboard clock, you passed Earth on Sunday, and Alpha Proxima on Thursday.

Whilst traversing this distance, your rocket hit a ball that was sitting motionless in space. This ball penetrated the rocket and traversed it from top to bottom. Now. As measured by your shipboard clock, what fraction of a second did it take the ball to traverse your rocket? Or let's look at it another way. How long did it take your rocket to traverse the ball? Oh, and let's say your rocket is 300,000 kilometres long.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Light-year

A light year is 9,460,730,472,580,800 metres. You traverse this in 24 hours according to your shipboard clock. Your rocket is 300,000,000 metres long. So it took you:

(300,000,000 / 9,460,730,472,580,800) * 24 hours

..to traverse the ball. There are 3600 seconds in an hour so that's:

(300,000,000 / 9,460,730,472,580,800) * 86,400 seconds

= 300,000,000 * 86,400 / 9,460,730,472,580,800 seconds

= 25,920,000,000,000 / 9,460,730,472,580,800 seconds

Chop both sides by a factor of a million:

25,920,000 / 9,460,730,472 seconds

And again:

25 / 9,460 seconds

Have I said enough yet?

### Take a look at this paper about General Relativity

It's a limit condition DH.

OK, you've got this ball sitting there in space, and along comes this relativistic rocket. BANG!

If the rocket is travelling at c, the stationary ball takes zero time to traverse the interior of the rocket as far as the crew are concerned.

You can reduce the velocity of the rocket by as little as you like, and the stationary ball takes as little time as you like to traverse the interior of the rocket as far as the crew are concerned.

Nowhere have we contradicted Special Relativity. Note that at c your apparent speed is infinite because Speed = Distance / Time and your time experience is zero. Thus the apparent speed of the ball can also be infinite.

If you think I'm right you should say sorry to Zanket. English isn't his first language so try to cut him some slack. And read TIME EXPLAINED again.

### Take a look at this paper about General Relativity

DH: Stop saying crackpot. People call other people crackpots far too quickly. Sure Zanket might be wrong, but I wouldn't be too sure about him being wrong about everything. The thing you're forgetting is that when the crew are travelling at a velocity of c, they experience no time. Zero. Zip. Nil. None. And that ball inside the rocket might be sitting still, with an absolute velocity of 0. So it traverses the rocket interior at c. And it takes no time at all as far as the crew are concerned. Jeez, read Time Explained, try to get a handle on it, and right or wrong try not to be so rude.

### Take a look at this paper about General Relativity

D H, check out the link I posted at #54. This was a guy who said what you said:

Now, from equation [16] one gets:

[elapsed time]² = (T1-T2)² = 1/sh(aT)² = 1/th(aT)² - 1 = 1/v² - 1

Indeed, as v approaches the speed of light the time elapsed can be zero.

### Time Explained

In his response to Godel's paper in the Schilpp volume, Einstein acknowledged that "the problem here disturbed me at the time of the building up of the general theory of relativity." This problem he described as follows: "Is what remains of temporal connection between world-points in the theory of relativity an asymettrical relation (like time, intuitively understood, and unlike space), or would one be just as much justified to assert A is before P as to assert that A is after P? The issue could also be put this way: is relativistic space-time in essense a space or a time."

Don't preach to be about where the science is swansont. Science is reading the essay and demolishing it with careful reasoning and incisive logic. Science is doing that little colour perception experiment to grasp the distinction between experience and fundament. Not pronouncing the whole thing metaphysics of little merit and sniping from the sidelines with holier-than-thou quips like a glimmer of physics and where the science is. If you're truly a scientist, if you really are a physics expert, you know what you have to do. It's that simple.

### Take a look at this paper about General Relativity

D H: I don't understand Zanket's paper. But I've seen this before. There was a guy called lalbatros who argued blue in the face that Zanket was wrong, then conceded he was right. Fine, talk with the guy, debate. Knock the argument down. But please resist the temptation to say stuff like "people like you are dangerous". One day people like Zanket will be right. And then the dangerous people are the other guys.

http://forum.physorg.com/index.php?showtopic=9591&st=122

### Time Explained

Swansont, you didn't respond to the first portion of my post. Let me reiterate:

You immediately dismissed the essay as semantics, lacking in mathematics. I can't use mathematics to disprove an axiom. You justify your position by talking about "metaphysics of little merit". And in the same breath you rub salt into the wound by talking about "a glimmer of actual physics" and "pointing out the flaws in my argument". You haven't pointed out any flaws, you've dismissed the entirety.

That's not scientific discussion. If you want scientific discussion sit down, read the essay properly, ask me for any necessary clarification, then challenge me on any particular point or deduction or conclusion. Quote a paragraph and say why its wrong. Tell me where the argument falls down.

You can't or you won't. OK no problem. But don't pretend to all and sundry, or to yourself, that you're the scientist here.

### Time Explained

Swansont:

By your first comment I meant your post #25 in response to my post #23 on the Relative Motion Question thread. You immediately dismissed the essay as semantics, lacking in mathematics. I can't use mathematics to disprove an axiom. Now you justify your position by talking about metaphysics of little merit. And in the same breath you rub salt into the wound by talking about "a glimmer of actual physics" and pointing out the flaws in my argument. You haven't pointed out any flaws, you've dismissed the entirety. That's not scientific discussion. If you want a scientific discussion sit down, read the essay properly, ask me for any clarification I can give, then challenge me on any particular point or deduction or conclusion. Quote a paragraph and say why its wrong. Tell me where the argument falls down. I don't think you'll able to. What I think you will find it a powerful reasoned argument.

I ignored your post #14 because I took it as an insult saying I don't understand relativity. There was another one at post #17 that I didn't reply to where you said now was meaningless, which I took to be more metaphysics dismissal. If you want a response to these or anything else I'll give it.

### Time Explained

Swansont: it didn't get moved. This is where I put it. Check with Dave who I PMd. And note your first comment:

Yes, it's wrong. No, I don't care to get bogged down (for the nth time) in a discussion of semantics. You say "show me the maths" but have shown precious little yourself.

### Time Explained

Actually you are misunderstanding what "Now" really means. Now is dependant on the observer. Now for you' date=' is different from Now for me...

This time dilation due to the distance from a gravitating source has also been measured with atomic clocks, so is real. If there was a universal "Now", then you feet would be lagging behind your head and would therefore disappear from the "Now" that your head is experiencing. Which would, to most people, be rather uncomfortable.

You are getting confused between the every day experience that seems like there is a universal "now" and the reality that Relativity predicts (and has been measured) that the time dilation does really exist, and accelerating, or being close to a gravitating object does really [b']slow down your movement through time[/b]...

I haven't misunderstood anything, I know about special relativity, and general relativity, and clock experiments. Please don't suggest that experiments prove me wrong. I'm not in the least confused. You are. Now is not dependent on the observer. You and I might be travelling at very different velocities. We might start off a great distance apart. We might also be undergoing different gravitational effects. Yes, our clocks will be marking time at two different rates. But when we collide, we collide NOW. That's the absolute now, the only now, and it has total significance. It means you can't move through time, as the essay explains.

I've just seen an adjacent thread about a Hollow Earth. And the aeons post above. Is that the kind of company I'm keeping? No wonder I'm talking to only young Ed, who has merely skimmed TIME EXPLAINED. And no wonder swansont can't be bothered to even do that. Jeez.

### Time Explained

You misunderstood something there Edtharan. I'm not disputing Special Relativity, or any of the experiments that have vindicated it. I know about the atomic clock experiments. My trip to Saturn was an illustration of the same. Let my clarify the point I'm trying to make using your post above:

When you get back the two clocks will show different times. If they keep perfectly synchronous time, how then can there be a difference between the times, unless one (the one on the plane) has travelled forwards through time?

Yes, the two clocks will show different times. But if one of them had travelled forwards through time, how come it's here now? Not the middle of next week? The answer is that it hasn't travelled forwards in time. The clock on the plane hasn't travelled anywhere in time, either forwards or backwards. It experienced less time, or "underwent less time" if you prefer, because it experienced more space.

### Time Explained

Relativity tells us that we won't agree that you travelled two billion miles. Length also depends on motion.

Yep. But when we get back to the spaceport bar to compare notes, we look up through the glass roof at Saturn and we do agree that it is a billion miles away. And we agree that I did travel two billion miles. We also agree that our wristwatches show different elapsed times, and relativity is real. And we also agree that we're both here now.

It doesn't matter how fast or slow I travel to Saturn, or anywhere. It doesn't matter if I find some massive rotating cylinder. I can never escape now. I can never "travel in time". Time is a measure, a dimension in the generic sense, not a dimension you can travel through.

Spyman: if you can tell me where you started to get confused, I'd appreciate it. Why do I get the feeling you're going to say "on line one".

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