# ParanoiA

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1. ## Question on Voltage and Charge Carriers

Yeah, I don't have any plans to obsess over force and distance as I evolve through this review, that's for sure. It's extremely confusing and I'm a little disappointed that I can't grasp it more immediately. At this point, if I can just "see" potential difference and understand the basics at the particle level, then I can move on and feel fairly comfortable about it. Ah, there's another bit of confusion for me. When I'm thinking charge carriers, I'm thinking electrons. When one mentions ions, I'm actually thinking of a charged atom containing charge carriers. Since only electrons are moving in a given electric current, I wouldn't have thought of considering the whole of the atom as the charge carrier.
2. ## Question on Voltage and Charge Carriers

The gravity analogy really helps. But electric field strength decreases as the distance between charges increases, so it's weird to think of potential energy increasing as the field strength decreases in response to the increased distance between charges. Then, of course, I have to wonder about maximum distance. If two charged particles are a mile apart, their electric fields won't affect each other. As you move them closer together, as some point, eventually, their electric fields will mingle. And instead of a gradual increase in energy as you move them together, it would seem you would run into the maximum energy potential all of the sudden - from nothing to maximum in one discrete step - and then as you keep moving them together the potential energy would gradually drop. Say it ain't so man. I was googling the electric field stuff and ran across this page... http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/estatics/u8l4b.cfm That fits with what you've been describing. Am I correct to at least assume that quantity of charge carriers determines how charged the object creating the field is?
3. ## Question on Voltage and Charge Carriers

Yeah, I'm probably not using the terminology correctly. Engineers speak of electrons and holes, the latter referring to an electron shortage causing a positively charged atom. With that in mind, my statement "the difference in charges allowing for carriers" was trying to look at the difference between two oppositely charged poles in terms of how many electrons would actually move until the poles cancel each other out or one of them becomes neutral. For instance, just to keep the numbers simple, if pole A has an excess of say 10 electrons, and pole B has an excess of 10 protons (or really a shortage of 10 electrons), then I was wondering if that means there are no charge carriers. Since each pole cancels each other out, I should not see any electron movement. But, if Pole A has an excess of 20 electrons, while pole B has an excess of 10 protons, then I was thinking I would then see electron movement until Pole B is neutral, or 10 electrons, or 10 charge carriers. This net "difference in charges" is what I've been envisioning as the source of potential difference. I also see problems with it of course, because if the size of that charge difference between two poles or substances drives the voltage level, then it would seem impossible to have a high voltage, yet very little difference and therefore very little electron movement - it's self contradictory. Apparently that's because this is not how it works, no matter how nice it fits in my head. Funny, because that's exactly the example that got me all screwed up. I was reading about shuffling your feet on the carpet to generate thousands of volts, yet the book states "although the voltage seems deadly in terms of numbers (thousands), there are not that many coulombs of charge that can accumulate on an object the size of your body." Well crap, if there aren't that many coulombs of charge that can accumulate, then how did we achieve thousands of volts of potential? In this example, it's a little easier to accept not being killed because the voltage is not sustained, unlike a battery or household source. But I'm still not making the right connection between charge and voltage. Hmm, I like the way you're explaining this but I can't say I'm getting it. The separation creating more energy per unit charge is not untuitive. I need to chew on all this some more...
4. ## Question on Voltage and Charge Carriers

Ok, much thanks for the replies. It looks like I need to now grasp "energy per unit charge". I've seen that repeated in the book I'm using and I need to understand that much better. What is an example of a small number of charge carriers with a lot of potential energy? Also, am I supposed to assume that only the difference in charges allows for "carriers"? (Surely that must be since energy is only expended until the two "poles" are electrically neutral - or there is no longer a difference in charges). If that's true, then it would seem that two massively charged poles, one positive and one negative, with only one charge carrier difference, then you would have an extremely low voltage because of the ridiculously small difference, even though both poles are heavily charged. Is that a true statement? So, how do charge carriers get this potential energy in order to have that large V? I'm probably asking the same question again, but it does sound different to me.
5. ## Question on Voltage and Charge Carriers

I've got myself turned around apparently. I thought voltage was the potential difference between oppositely charged poles - that voltage is a measure of the difference in charge carriers. I'm envisioning ionized clouds of opposite charge and I thought that the amount of voltage between the two would depend on the amount of the difference in charge between the two - that the amount of voltage would depend on the number of charge carriers. But somewhere in that bit up there I'm apparently off. Because you can have high voltage with only a small amount of charge carriers, or a small voltage with a high quantity of charge carriers. I'm not getting that at all and it's making my intuition cry. And I've been through the water pipe analogies, and I actually do get the "pressure" concept. But with water pipes I can see where 'pressure' comes from and I can imagine a pint of water under 200 lbs of pressure. But I cannot "see" where voltage is coming from, and I cannot imagine a trickle of current from a thousand volts of 'pressure'. (please note, I'm not talking about resistance and insulating materials that restrict the flow of charge carriers, rather I'm assuming a perfect conductor). Can anyone see where I'm going conceptually wrong here?

11. ## The Budget Battle

And my point is that population difference doesn't tell us a damn thing. How many workers? Hell, how much and in what form does the capital take that is producing this output? Those are the relevant questions because that's what tells the story about our production capabilities, the technology and the employment - it describes what's happening to our manufacturing. I know it's meant to be figurative, and that's why I also included my own in that same sentence since it's not as if we were ever the only ones making stuff. I'm taking the statement to mean our manufacturing has considerably declined. I'm haggling over the considerably part. That manufacturing makes up 13% of our GDP doesn't tell us we didn't explode in production in other markets. If we suddenly double our output of cheeseburgers and fries, then we'll see the percentages of GDP drop for all other "classes" of output even though there is no decrease in output for any of those other classes. What I see is a maturing economy. I see globalization and free trade making an impact. Comparative advantage and competition is determining what country does what the best. We do really well in manufacturing and while there's ups and downs there is no flight of manufacturing here - instead it's changing shape, responding to new technologies and the competition encountered in the international market. The small declines we notice is natural for a market with increased competition. In fact, it would be weird if it didn't.
12. ## From either camp, is this something we want our children to learn?

Yeah, that situation there is just crazy. Of course, it's a political maneuver. Not sure how the children are in danger here Rigney - that's a bit dramatic for a political boycott, man. A governor of a state is the chief executive and they command the police in their state. I'm not sure how that really plays out, or any of the particulars, but they're supposed to have control over their police forces. The police would not arrest Miller, if I understand correctly, since they are in session. The issue is that they cannot have a house vote without at least one present democratic senator. But perhaps they should be able to arrest him, because - in theory anyway - they could hold up emergency legislation using the same tactic and could paralyze part of the government in a crisis. Some might characterize this budget issue as such a crisis.
13. ## Florida Scraps High-Speed Rail Plan

Personally, I'd travel on rail before I'd use the airline for long distance travel, no question. But I don't see doing that too much either. Mainly because everywhere I might want to travel, domestically, I'm still going to want transportation when I get there. That's kind of what I was alluding to earlier about our situation perhaps being a bit more unique. We have so much land area that it seems to lend itself to individual pods of transportation over group-based pods. Rail would need to cover so much area that it would ruin the efficiency and scale. Not to mention we'd basically be mirroring the entire road system, which is already built and in place. Otherwise you're asking people to take rail and then do lots and lots and lots of walking, or scramble to find some kind of temporary rental transportation. Probably good for some of us piggies over here, but that's not a solution, that's just sacrifice. Even if rail is being offered as an alternative rather than a replacement, we still have a majority of land mass that is going to have cars, roads, powerful engines as you pointed out, crashes and all that. So, it seems to me that focus on rail is to distract from the solution with the biggest impact for americans - automobiles. Rail's impact would seem fractional in comparison. Let's get the biggest leaks first, then tidy up the little ones. Not to mention, with all of the cars internationally, it's just a matter of producing an innovative solution - the framework to inject them into societies is already there. No need to convince their governments to invest in massive new infrastructure. I like the observation. I wonder how computer-driven cars would affect the nature of this "power". If we're not driving, and we're probably not even looking out the window, then I'm not sure where horsepower lust would come from. Maybe that would solve that problem...?
14. ## Florida Scraps High-Speed Rail Plan

Ha, no kidding. In fact, some of the stuff I've read on the subject previously suggested we'd turn the inside of the car into a kind of media cocoon. No reason to see out your windows and freak yourself out - let the windows become screens and watch a movie or maybe post on SFN.
15. ## The Budget Battle

Try to make them say something else? CaptainPanic repeated the myth of the US not actually making anything anymore - and I have stats that repudiate it. You can rearrange them per capita, per puppy, it really doesn't matter - the US does make stuff, and more than anyone else. I didn't try, nor did I need to "find a way to make them seem to say something else" - and neither did the author of that article. Now, just for grins, how many workers are involved in that output? What is the form of capital that produces the output? You point out how Japan has half the population, but you haven't accounted for how many workers are doing manufacturing there verses here. China has half the world's population, what happened to your number-of-people logic there? The US is doing just fine in manufacturing and globalization has produced competition and not surprisingly other players have entered the market. There is no "the US doesn't make stuff anymore", rather it's "the US isn't the only one making stuff anymore".
16. ## Florida Scraps High-Speed Rail Plan

It is a waste, for the most part and it might be unique for us. Just last night I caught a little bit of Stossel talking about regulations holding back driver-less cars; that the techology already exists and doesn't require any civil infrastructure updates. Certainly such a thing requires massive testing to approve for the general public. I don't like the idea of sharing the road at 75 mph with someone's pet test project. But, the benefits of such technology extends the benefits we recieve from the pavement we've already littered our country with. According to the pundit on his show, you can add 3 times the number of cars on our roads, and eliminate traffic jams, speed up commuting times, increase safety and reduce the need to build new roads - all by letting computers outperform us silly humans and do the driving for us. Add to that our renewed lust for electric cars and the inevitable push for leaner automobiles and it seems a smarter deal for us. Well, those numbers have to be reconciled with reality and I know a sales pitch when I hear one. Still, it does make some sense.
17. ## The Budget Battle

The US decline in manufacturing is a baseless myth. I understand the media business sensationalizes outsourcing and unemployment, but don't let them fool you. Remember, they have a business to run and they build up information to increase value just like McDonald's makes those cheeseburgers look amazing in their TV ads. http://articles.moneycentral.msn.com/Investing/CompanyFocus/the-myth-of-us-industrys-demise.aspx I grabbed an MSN link, but this information is everywhere. America makes stuff...lots of stuff. And much of our manufacturing output is done with less and less humans and more and more technology. The cost of superior technology, I suppose. I'm not convinced it's a bad thing, but it certainly looks that way when you're getting laid off so a robot can do your job, that's for sure. Wall Street provides a major factor of production that cannot be ignored - capital. When they're predicting this and that, they're putting their money where their mouth is, and that means investing in capital - both human and equipment. Without Wall Street, we don't have a market for investment, which leaves us with a terribly inefficient and ineffective framework to find people to invest in firms. Without those people, only the entrepreneur's profit (another factor of production) can be allocated for investment. That means extremely slow growth, if at all. Not to mention, Wall Street is also made up of the poor, middle class and rich. 401K retirements are one of the most obvious examples of common folk investing in stocks. When you invest, you are loaning money and receiving interest. The financial market is devoted entirely to this. It does translate into a real economy, real capital, real goods. I agree and the source of much of this is regulation and laws. I'm not saying regulation and laws are bad, but we still have too much and it's the source that creates the attraction for profit for that market. And yeah, I agree, it's like having an exploding broken window market - it increases GDP, but it doesn't increase wealth or grow the economy.
18. ## Is a fair flat tax possible?

To your first question, you replied back with a one liner as if that invalidates my entire post and position. And we're here in this thread because of your initial question to me about accounting for goods and services, which Swansont keeps forgetting. Just look up...there he goes again, lost in the conversation but still doing battle anyway. To your second question, I declined fairness and actually agreed with you, but not entirely. That fairness is merely evenness, and that implies some sort of subjective notion of equal pain. Everyone names it differently, but it's still the same. So, yeah, I don't know what it means and I'm not terribly concerned. I opt for equal investment in the republic. Everyone should have something to lose and it should be proportionally the same, consistent with republic and democratic philosophy, one-man, one-vote, power from the people, all equal - otherwise the public treasury becomes the public troth that it is today. Since we allow disproportion - inequality - we get agents sent by the people to "get their cut" and we have businesses and lobbyists colluding instead of businesses and consumers trading. It's kind of a big deal, actually. This is the second time I've had to remind you how we got here...this is from page 3, I think: And I'll remind you also, that you took his question differently than I did, so let's not re-argue that one too, ok? So, I said that accounting doesn't exist because taxes are *not* tied to your direct usage. I was really turning the observation around by pointing out that tax forms are all about my income, with some select expenditures, and nothing about my family's detailed usage of government goods and services with pricing for each thing. From that simple exchange came pages of subjective stabbing in the dark about how much I benefit from government, without a reference to what I actually said. Lost my damn post again and this time it was after I submitted. I received an error that I must enter a post first...real cute. Sometimes software is just glitchy, but frustrating nonetheless. Anyway, I said something to the effect that telecommunications standards are far more complex than volumes and weights and yet no one is bitching that their 64kBps bandwidth is a ripoff because Joe Shmoe ISP defines kBps as killer bits per second. But then, I also have to admit that I can't be sure some of these standards haven't found their way into telecomm legislation either. So I'll concede that much. But it ain't necessary either way, IMO.
19. ## Is a fair flat tax possible?

Well sure, and in further historical discovery we see 5 private and 3 government entities forming the original AESC in 1918. But what's the point? Again, I keep getting the goal posts moved. They are private, non-government (for redundancy's sake) non-profit and they do not use force to make people use their standards. They rely on voluntary inclusion. And at the current level of government intrusion, no private standards committee can be effective without rubbing shoulders with government on some level. That is hardly, even remotely an argument that government is needed for standards, rather that is an observation of present straits. And that's just one. Mankind didn't measure stuff until government was invented? Please. All government did was speed up the process of standardizing by being the prick and naming the winner in an industrial competition. Instead of the market deciding who's standards will be adopted, the government chose for the market. Instead of convincing the private consumers of products and services, the winner just had to convince a handful of bureaucrats - just one of many, many channels of collusion we can be proud of. Any other one liners?
20. ## Is a fair flat tax possible?

Except it's not a "view" but an observation that has yet to be falsified. My "view" is that your tax bill is *not* tied directly to your individual usage of government services. And that's it. That's been it for a long damn time now. This latest exchange in particulars is just another of your campaigns to miss the point and conflate my "view". I then took that little piece of tax bill trivia and synthesized it with ydoaPs's "market" observation of goods and services and applied it to simple, economic theory. As an economic solution, to dissociate personal sacrifice with reward and access to resources is a proven terrible economic model, as evidenced by the fall of command economies. Well, North Korea is still going on strong isn't it? Instead, demand economies allocate resources or manage scarcity far better. Don't also conflate demand markets with laissez faire capitalism - no swinging pendulums here, just common sense. And then, because you infer that extension to be a repudiation of government methods of tax collection, you reply with irrelevant questions about how much government service I've used. Only someone who doesn't understand what I'm saying would respond with such questions. Here's my "view": Proportional government confiscation of private property without respect to proportional usage of government services is necessary for a functioning governing institution, if for no other reason, than because no individual can know what government services or goods they will consume in a lifetime. I may use a billion dollars of medicare when I turn 70, or I may die when I'm 45 and never use a dime. Government confiscation for a pool of resources based on need is a practical, functional reality, and arguably, the whole purpose of government to begin with. I don't like it. Just like I don't like police officers. I don't like these things, but they are the best solution we have at the moment. At the moment is key here too. I'm not done thinking about human happiness. I'm not done considering the role and execution of government. I'm not "satisfied" with confiscation. Just like I'm not satisfied with a "crime rate". So, I don't care to characterize forcible means as benevolent welfare, or good ole payment for "goods and services". Unlike most, I didn't think this American experiment was finished. Did I miss a meeting? Shit man, here's just one: ANSI - The American National Standards Institute or ANSI is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. Yeah, I'm sure the "kilogram" is way beyond those fellas... I guess Bell Labs and AT&T just lucked into establishing the standards for the telecommunications industry without government. Makes one wonder how we ever got the standardized T1 carrier, huh? You don't "need" a government to bully everyone into standards. Businesses stand to lose and gain from standards and it's those forces that bring them to the table. Not as much fun as bureaucratic forces, I know, but it's actually ethical. Go figure.
21. ## news stations' reliability

No, corporate news stations can no longer be trusted. With the uptick in competition and 24 hour cable news, sensationalism has finally overtaken factually checked sourcing on the priority list. People watch and read the most exciting information, and news is nothing more than an information business. People forget it's a for-profit, corporate business, no different than Wal-Mart or Halliburton in terms of concentration on the bottom line - profits. I would suggest taking a different approach to information gathering, like reading from multiple sources and only settle on information when you see it duplicated across different information companies. Googlenews is useful for this, too. Another great site that liberals and conservatives cringe to read is www.factcheck.org CNN is terrible. They lied about Rush Limbaughs comments on slavery and James Earl Ray that originated from a Wikipedia contributor without any sourcing- and those were duplicated in a book also without sourcing. Rick Sanchez made an ass out of himself peddling that crap as well.
22. ## Is a fair flat tax possible?

I may never use Medicare at all. What if I die tomorrow? I won't use any of that stuff that in the future - but my family will sure have to pay inheritance tax huh? Or will I use medicare because the government failed to protect me from a mugger? What about when I got robbed? What happened to that money I gave for police protection? Do I get a refund? Standards are only invented by the government? Funny, I seem to remember a certain standards institute...totally private...hmmm.. The truncation has nothing to do with making or breaking my point. Add it back if you want, I just thought it was distracting from the italicized part I wanted to address.
23. ## Is a fair flat tax possible?

Little to lose except their livelihood, jobs. Influx of cheap labor means exactly that. And for jobs that can't be paid under the table, there's the supply and demand of working poor laborers that drive down prices and saturate openings. Markets eventually catch up, but there's a huge lag time there and it never catches up as long as the inputs keep increasing. Now, the playstation poor won't feel much, but the working poor will.
24. ## WORKING ON FIFTY!

I'm confused why you think prison instead of death means we aren't enforcing laws. All we're advocating is just to stop killing - we're not advocating anything beyond that. Keep putting them in prison, enforcing laws, all that, we like that. Criminals going to jail is good stuff. Besides, the death penalty doesn't punish them as thoroughly anyway. They'll endure punishment as the process is executed, and then...nothing. Dead. Do you remember when you didn't exist? Do you feel the punishment of not existing? What makes you think a child murderer or any of these sickos deserves to have it so good? I'd rather they live in a cage and endure decades of punishment.
25. ## WORKING ON FIFTY!

And I think that point is the death penalty. I accept we need to punish people and that the innocent will get caught up in it and because of that I think we should limit our punishments to the kind that can at least be stopped upon discovery. Digging up corpses for reanimation isn't an option....yet. That's the spirit I was talking about right there. That Ben Franklin soundbite doesn't reconcile with the death penalty; they seem antithetical to each other.
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