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Everything posted by Royston

  1. It doesn't record audio signals, it's a telescope. In principle, given a good enough detector we could measure C_s which would be dependant on the medium of the ISM (even though at the best of times, it's incredibly tenuous). There's a whole bunch of astrophysical phenomena where our understanding depends on how sound waves propagate in certain environments e.g accretion disks. The ISM or IGM aren't really good testbeds for studying audio signals...they're (next to a vacuum) the worst in the universe.
  2. Fancy refraining from ad homs ? I'm perfectly aware of your third point, but you're failing to follow the argument properly. Once again, and repeating arguments appears as rhetoric, but in your case it's because you ignore it...I have never assumed this. Please point out specifically where I've assumed that both parties are innocent, because you hav'nt so far. This discussion is growing increasingly tiresome. Why have you skirted around my main points...why ? TBH I don't care, belligerence is belligerence and it's frankly boring. If you don't have the common decency to attack the points I've raised, then whatever, can't be arsed, goodbye, yawn inducing, pffft. EDIT: Separate clause needs a comma after but.
  3. I've been busy, so sorry for the late response. Both of those scenarios are legitimate within the current system, so that's a contradiction. In such a case it would be down to judge and jury rather than, for example, clear cut evidence. I'm not sure what these constant hypothetical situations are trying to achieve. Do you think I don't understand your arguments, so you feel the need to re-frame them, or am I rebutting your arguments sufficiently ? Or is it something else...not sure I care really. Trust me it's not the former. I dunno, lets get down to brass tacks. From reading back on your arguments it seems you agree with the following... Subjective statements that are open to interpretation are sueable, and somebody is within their rights to bring someone else into court for making a subjective statement. This can cost an exceptional amount of money, but you seem to be ok with that ? The fact that libel even exists is stifling to free speech, (why would anyone want to speak out against, say, the Fox network if they can be sued for libel) the fact it is incredibly expensive, even more so. Penny for your thoughts has become, an obscene amount of cash for your thoughts. You seem to be ok with guilty until proven innocent and your reasoning is that taking this stance, which is logically unsound, is a way of tackling innocent until proven guilty despite it's a direct contradiction. It is the equivalent of saying, I'll stop that murderer by murdering them. It gets worse, you then try to legitamise your argument because some outdated wanky laws are used in the court room, such as... So a subjective defence is a good defence is it ? How can you take that seriously ? You can go off at a tangent all you want, that wasn't the discussion at the time.
  4. Well of course, but I've made no such assumption. What I did state, is that there shouldn't be grounds for a trial based solely on my feelings. It is simply not substantial for bringing someone into court. With such a serious accusation, providing evidence on the damage to my reputation should be easy. So again, I think the plaintiff should hold the burden of proof, for reasons I've already stated. Freedom of speech is my main concern here. I cannot prove I'm not a murderer, but there would be no evidence that I am a murderer, so the accusation would not hold water in court. I would have evidence of libel (your slanderous claims all over the internet) and any damage to my reputation (beyond just my feelings). He could sue for damages if he had yet to be tried for murder. But what led to his arrest was evidence, so any claims that it was you that led to his arrest would be easily countered. Any claims of slander would be dropped and you would (I would hope) receive compensation. This is not ideal, but it beats (IMO) having a system that can be easily abused, stifles free speech and that goes against the core principle of innocent until proven guilty. Here's a quote that pretty much sums up my thoughts... " The main "atrocity" in defamation is that it is the only civil wrong where the burden of proof is placed on the defence. In all other civil actions, claimants bear this burden – which is logical and fair, since they are the party using the process to drag others into court. The Ministry of Justice refused to make this change in the defamation bill because "proving a negative is always difficult". It's not. All the claimant has to do is to go into the witness box and aver that the story is false. If he or she survives cross-examination and any defence evidence, their case is proved on the balance of probabilities." Taken from http://www.theguardian.com/law/2013/feb/25/libel-laws-speech-uk-expensive
  5. Even though burden of proof on a defendant is in direct contradiction to this. You seem to be glossing over the wider implications and repercussions of the major flaw in libel and why it is so important that innocent until proven guilty has to be upheld as fundamental. If that tenet is contradicted, then the libel law can be abused and therefore impinges on freedom of speech. How I would feel would be entirely subjective and is therefore not (or certainly shouldn't be) solid grounds for suing. This is one reason why the defamation act was changed in 2013 i.e a requirement of serious harm, I'm sure there are clever ways of getting round this depending on the situation. You have read the wiki article on Singh, so this is an odd point to raise. This pretty much screws the rest of your points, but anyway... If I had grounds for suing you i.e I lost my job and I had evidence to support this, then I have a case, where the burden of proof is on me. The case is on my name being slandered, not on whether I've murdered anybody or not. You should be innocent of libel until it was proved my reputation was damaged. If I simply stated, well John has been saying nasty things about me on the internet, and it's hurt my ickle feelings, would not or should not cut it in a court of law. I simply don't have to, because again, the case is on my name being slandered, not on whether I've murdered anybody or not. When there has been damage to my reputation that can be backed up by evidence.
  6. The problem, put another way, is that the burden of proof lies on the defendant, who is therefore guilty until proven innocent (this is also the case in France...the Singh case being in the UK). One of the main tenets of western law is that a defendant should be innocent until proven guilty for obvious reasons. As freedom of speech underpins libel and slander cases, and is fundamental to democracy you would hope the law that deals with such cases is not broken. It's not altogether clear that the tightening of the defamation act in the UK will tackle this problem head on. There are no such amendments for libel law in France. Also, how can you sue for slander against a prophet who's existence has no evidence whatsoever. You mean, a handful of sociopathic Islamic fundamentalists.
  7. Yeah, sorry I should of expanded on what I meant, as it's not a particularly clear. What I meant, was that somebody accused of slander is assumed guilty, the Simon Singh case that led to the reformed defamation act https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Chiropractic_Association_v_Singh that was running for several years is a good example of this. As imatfaal said, this is OT but just wanted to clarify. If there's still something to discuss, then I guess this should be split to another thread.
  8. Exactly, but I disagree that there should be any legal retaliation to insults... The appropriate response is to get over it, and treat an insult for precisely what it is, a bunch of words. There should be no legal ramifications about saying something derogatory about somebody or something, unless it has a measurable effect and is proven to deliberately cause, say, the loss of a job. In any case, libel laws are fundamentally flawed in that they presume guilty until proven innocent, which is ridiculous. I think Steve Hughes says it best, when it comes to being offended.... http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=b48_1305790944 But moderated speech is clearly not freedom of speech. Pretty stark contradiction there. What is 'loony' about making pejorative statements or pictures about some mythical bullshit ? You do realise that terrorist attacks, especially of this nature are incredibly rare. People die from falling out of bed, so by your reasoning, everyone should bubble wrap themselves from head to toe through fear of dying when going to sleep. Can you not see how insane that is ? The internet and press is littered with insulting material about pretty much any subject you can throw a stick at. So what ? If someone is highly reactionary about a few words or a picture to the point of violence, it is 'they' who are in the wrong, not the person making the statement. How are we supposed to progress past scare tactics if the answer is to hide away....what a completely absurd solution. Is anyone really convinced that the issue is about so called offensive or slanderous comments and cartoons about religion, or is the supposed reasoning behind the attacks just a guise and excuse to incite hatred and violence for a much deeper seeded problem ? A problem that has become so convoluted and muddied, that I doubt that many even know (including myself) where it all stems from.
  9. Tar, I'm going through a very similar situation to you although I'm only on day 7, having decided to quit for the new year (cold turkey). I've been smoking for roughly 22 years. Today has been incredibly tough. I found out recently that my Dad was terminally ill (unsure exactly how much time he has left, but it's not much) and my Mum's health has been deteriorating over the last few years with a progressive neurological disorder. Trying not to make this a sob story, just providing some background. Despite studying physics and computer science for the last 8 years, I've been in and out of work after being made redundant a few years ago and I found out today I'm being forced to work in a factory doing 12 hour shifts or my benefits will be stopped (meaning I would be made effectively homeless unless I start work at this awful place). It wouldn't be so bad, but I've only been out of work for a few months, so I feel I'm being treated exceptionally poorly here. I have never wanted a cigarette so badly in my life. It has been reaching epic levels, but it's really encouraging reading through your posts that, whatever gets thrown at you, cigarettes are not going to make it any better. Indeed, if I cave in now it will make matters worse; I will let myself down, I will be going back to square one having quit for a week, I will have to let friends and family know I failed. So rather than dash to the shop to get my nicotine fix, I decided to write my thoughts on here and munch on peanuts and raw carrots (seems to work for me). Congratulations on hitting 9 months ! I really hope I can stick it out for as long and longer...it felt like it was getting easier until today. I guess days like these are the real tests and I'll only be stronger for getting through it.
  10. Just wanted to wish everyone on SFN, a Happy New Year ! I'm off to get drunk, and celebrate the Gregorian calendar in all it's glory. Hope everyone has a great 2015.
  11. I'm by no means savvy with economics but, I very recently invested in some Ripple Coins (XRP). This was partly through curiosity and, of course, to see if I can make some money. The Ripple network is unique due to decentralized currency conversion and trade. This drastically speeds up transactions and significantly reduces charges (a charge being a tiny fraction of an XRP). You can use the RippleTrade UI to bid and ask via an order book. This is as far as my dabbling goes i.e exchanging Bitcoins for Ripples and vice versa depending on their relative strengths. It's most likely due to my lack of knowledge, but I find cryptocurrencies rather abstract. This is for several reasons, but I don't wish to write a lengthy OP. I've managed to more than double my money, however it is, to all intents and purposes, gambling ! So, I was wondering, has anyone here dabbled in the cryptocurrency market (beyond making a purchase with, say, Bitcoins) ? Is it right to consider cryptocurrencies as quite an abstract entity ? Or are they no more or less abstract than any other currency ?
  12. I guess a small addendum to the use of the rep system i.e if it's clear that negative rep is being dished out to a particular member with no apparent justification will be investigated, regardless of whether it's a rare occurrence. Future proofing is useful, and can stop such incidences reoccurring (of course that's up to you guys if you think that is needed).
  13. http://www.thescienceforum.com I've just reread the rules, and unless I missed something, there's nothing stating that carpet bombing negative rep is disallowed (unless it's a sockpuppet or whatever). Correct me if I'm wrong. Derogatory statements such as 'opiniated twat' is against the rules. You know full well it is, so why act surprised at this decision ? Firstly, if you're bothered about getting negative rep from (by your own admission) a twat, then why should it bother you ? You have enough rep that your status as a good poster is intact. Is your rep really that important to you...unless it is way below zero, who cares ? Secondly, this forum could do with more experts, I consider you one of them, and I really enjoy your posts. You have a good knack at laying it on the line, and advising people how to improve their posts, which is a good thing IMO. Thirdly, grow up and don't get all pissy over some minor incident (slightly hypocritical coming from me, but ho hum), which is all this is.
  14. What ? Ophiolite, stated that one of the voters reasons for becoming independent is to make a statement about cultural identity. I pointed out, that joining a union doesn't mean you'll be stripped of that identity...using the EU as an example. Please go ahead and a name a country / state / whatever within the EU that has lost it's cultural identity due to joining the EU. So ? How does that invalidate my point ? None of them...clearly. Last time I checked Wales / Scotland / Ireland still retain the language, customs, cuisine et.c that are distinct from English culture. Or are you suggesting the cultural heritage of these countries has been completely wiped out ? Integration and evolution of culture can happen regardless of a union. There is no mention of Scotland in that article, just the failed attempt at enforcing Welsh Not. How a union is abused is tangent to the effects of forming a union.
  15. Well that is a very misguided vote...what countries in the EU (for instance) have been stripped of their cultural identity (solely) through joining the EU ? Have Scotland been warned of sanctions on Mars Bars and deep fat fryers, or any other stereotypical Scottish behaviour due to Brussels, let alone Britain ? I feel this is much closer to the issue that the SNP are espousing, and I can certainly understand it due to the recent political track record of Britain. But there is no evidence, in 'today's world' where collaboration is key to success, that independence works. In fact it has been massively counter productive for all the countries that have recently (and not so recently in some cases) claimed independence. It simply doesn't work when the planet is so economically and socially integrated.
  16. Some people understand relativity, some don't...that is probably the cause of any disagreement. But, you really need to back this up with an example. Words will only take you so far in understanding a theory. If somebody is too stupid or lazy (or some other reason) to wrap their head around the mathematics of a theory, that is clearly not the fault of the theory. Perhaps your comment is lost in translation, because (no offence) that makes little sense. Can you provide an example of what you mean ?
  17. I realise there's a handful of physicists working on an effective QFT for gravity, and there are a number of attempts at attacking dark energy at the quantum scale via QED vacuum (I'm sure there are probably other suggestions). However the few papers I have read require an ad-hoc addition to explain present day cosmological acceleration using this approach (I guess akin to a cosmological constant), unless somebody knows better. My questions are; is a solution for quantum gravity required before a QFT for dark energy can be solved (the effect of which is much weaker than gravity), i.e are the two possibly intrinsically related, or do the current proposed mechanisms for dark energy put it in a different ball park to quantum gravity ? Is it too early to even attempt to marriage the two at this stage ? This level of physics is beyond my scope, so I hope these are not ill formed questions.
  18. I can think of a number of conventions (within maths and especially physics) that could do with an overhaul. The problem with doing this, is that could become more of a hindrance than a help. Conventions ensure that everyone is on the same page, regardless of whether they're unintuitive or more cumbersome to use. I can understand why this seems a little silly. In this instance, if adding extra brackets reduces ambiguity (or helps) in your calculations, then use it. At this level of algebra it really doesn't matter.
  19. Uh huh The Romans invaded Britain roughly 2000 years ago, therefore the UK should attack Italy. I could proclaim any land mass on this Earth as my 'ancestral homeland', that doesn't mean it holds any importance...just that I gave it that status.
  20. What is g ? Again, what equations do you think would answer the question. How can you manipulate those equations to arrive at an answer ? I don't think you need to worry about angles....and I don't think the question assumes you're on the moon .
  21. It is quite a vague question, however... Use the clues given in the question. For instance, it's asking for 'total energy', so potential energy and something else. (Maybe obvious) Hint: The balancing term needs to include velocity.
  22. Hey everyone, I've got a really good idea. I'm going to go on the internet and misrepresent one of the greatest feats in physics...I don't have the slightest clue about WMAP data, or cosmology for that matter. Heck, I have no idea what a line element is, or what a metric is. In fact, I'm going to wax lyrical about some bollocks idea that's been collated from my piss poor understanding of physics and whack it on a science forum...because that would be a good idea. If you're going to try and pick holes in WMAP data, it would be nice if you showed some common decency and had at least a basic understanding of what you're talking about !
  23. I'm not convinced this is the case, there are numerous ways that a government can curtail laws that hold for international laws, but not the UN...a humanitarian effort being one of them. Indeed, Britain's ex prime minister used humanitarian ideals to side step UN policy.
  24. I have the same issue. I have noticed the same problem on other sites sometimes (though it could be unrelated), which led me to believe it was my browser or network. I use a pc with google chrome.
  25. Geekay, I've dug out the original paper by Campana et al, if it's any use. Note, that the GRB or I guess pseudo-GRB is a combination of debris hitting the surface and emitted radiation due to accretion. From the paper...http://arxiv.org/pdf/1112.0018v1.pdf Reading back over my post I did not include momentum, which is important, kinetic energy would not be conserved for debris hitting the surface. However the paper describes the debris that becomes unbound and strikes the surface in terms of specific energy (see the expression for fall back time).
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