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Posts posted by J.C.MacSwell

  1. 5 hours ago, toucana said:


    Some GOP sources are now attempting to float the idea of Donald Trump becoming an interim Speaker of the House.


    The problem with this was pointed out yesterday by Rep. Sean Casten (D.Ill), who reminded his GOP colleagues that the Republican party’s own House Conference Rules for the 118th Congress (adopted in January of this year) state that:

    “(a) A member of the Republican Leadership shall step aside if indicted for a felony for which a sentence of two or more years of imprisonment may be imposed” (Rule 26A)

    Donald Trump is currently facing 91 felony indictments, many of which carry potential sentences far above 2 years.

    Surely they could make one small exception...

  2. 2 minutes ago, exchemist said:

    There is research showing the effect of air pollution on health and also research showing the improvement in London air quality since the original central area ULEZ was created. It's probably too soon to have research directly on the impact on health of ULEZ, as these health effects become apparent over a period of many years, but it would seem quite reasonable to infer from the above that ULEZ has a beneficial impact. (I'm in London and the air is still filthy: I can wipe a black film off the glass topped table in the garden after only 24hrs.) 

    Good post. There could well be a lag in any case, with many having symptoms developing pre-ULEZ and showing up after.

    2 minutes ago, mistermack said:

    The original ULEZ area in London was tiny, so the improvement will be tiny. You can't put all improvement down to ULEZ anyway, because cars are getting less polluting constantly, as old ones are scrapped and new ones are bought. You would have to compare the improvement to a non-ULEZ equivalent, to get a truer picture of any effect. There will of course be SOME effect, but it's likely to be tiny, and only in certain weather, because the wind will play a huge part generally. 

    Also good.

  3. 17 minutes ago, Nevets said:

    As I am not a Scientist I can't conduct my own studies, and I am reliant upon reading Scientific literature to form my opinions. Are you aware of any proven Scientific research which supports the requirement for Low Emission Zones that we are seeing pop up all over Europe, and not just in London?

    I am not aware of any. No. But I tend to believe that if something is bad for you then the less the better, though I do drive vehicles and contribute to pollution.

    The devil is in the details.

  4. 3 hours ago, Nevets said:


    The claim is that according to Sadiq Khan's very own Science institution whom he paid nearly one million pound to research the effects of car pollution on people's health, his very own Scentific institution said "there was no evidence of a reduction in the proportion of children with small lungs or Asthma symptoms over this period", and therefor Low Emission Zones have no impact at-all, and are simply a cash cow.

    So, what is the opinion of the Scientific community regarding the effects of Low Emission Zones?

    Finding no evidence doesn't prove that statement, even if it points in that direction. You have to examine the nature of the research and how it was done.

  5. 4 hours ago, swansont said:

    Even before that, for this thread (or perhaps another, since this one is supposed to be about gender), we need to have participants acknowledge the reality that the notion of sex is more complicated than what chromosomes you have, or what your visible genitalia are. 


    It is about transgenders (in sports of course), not just gender alone...so yes it's certainly complicated but can't be gender alone as transgender means to have changed from your gender assumed from your biological sex (or that assumed at birth)

    ...and your biological sex, based on your chromosomes, surely aligns with the male advantage.

    You can argue that some transgender females may have never had this advantage...but you can't ignore that the ones we need to consider for elite sports all did. Laurel Hubbard, for example, surely had lifts that if female at the time would have been significant World Records (I'll look it up if you don't want to...I'm more than confident that's the case if that's not obvious to you as well)


  6. On 8/16/2023 at 8:15 AM, swansont said:

    Less than 1% also identify as transgender. 

    Just making it clear what my context was in that post. The less than 1% I referred to are the intersex and the transgenders therefore almost exclusively included in the 99+%.

    On 8/16/2023 at 8:15 AM, swansont said:

    And only are readily categorized if you only recognize a subset of the sexual characteristics, i.e. you look at the most visible differences but ignore secondary ones. But that leads us into the circular reasoning that plagues this discussion, that there are two categories because we’ve postulated that there are two categories. 

    Right. One way out of this is to start adding categories. Just keep in mind that at elite level many female sports are struggling to find the level of support they would like to have...

    ...yet nothing prohibits anyone that can find the means to sponsor any number of events for any number of categories...and write their own rules... 

    39 minutes ago, iNow said:


    This is all an awful lot of handwringing and panty twisting for all 11 of those trans athletes out there actually trying to compete. 


  7. On 8/18/2023 at 11:42 AM, swansont said:

    And the fairness has the be decided/agreed to by all groups. It can’t be just a majority, much like the four wolves and a sheep deciding on what’s for supper.

    No. It's quite probable that the fairness won't be agreed upon, and someone or committee will be left to make a decision. In fact his seems most common at this point in time. Particularly where it's fairly clear no compromise is currently available that would be acceptable to everyone, and nothing of the sort is on the horizon.

    Having said that, Zapatos mentioned a weight handicap that might work for weightlifting. So if you took the World Record (or 10 best lifts) lifts for XX athletes and compared them to the World Record for XY athletes then that would be a reasonable starting point as long as none used any performance enhancing drugs, and the elite level could be assumed to be comparable. Of course any use of drugs should only be approved by physician, be considered non performance enhancing (or non masking of same) or over the counter drugs not on the list of not allowed.

    So take the difference, or difference as a percentage...and that's the handicap.

    Would most transgender athletes consider that fair? I can't speak for Caitlyn Jenner, but I think she might. I also can't speak for any transgenders females currently wanting to compete in the female elite categories, but I suspect they would consider that not fair at all, given they believe themselves female.

    But if you want to compare humans being the best they can be (without performance enhancing intervention), how is that not fair?

    ...and this is a sport that lends itself to this type of handicap. Most would be much more difficult.


    Say for soccer, how much bigger a net would be required to allow an XY goaltender? If the teams were all XX vs all XY the XY net  requiring the complete width of the field would not be enough, you would need to increase net height as well and/or reduce number of players allowed on the field for the all XY team.

    Or how many goals head start would the XX team require, given they will no doubt score none without the above or similar changes of unknown severity?


  8. 13 hours ago, swansont said:

    By the same token, the fact that you can fit ~99% into two categories, based on some limited set of criteria, does not mean that everyone in a category is identical...

    No one is suggesting that everyone in each of the predominate categories are identical.


    13 hours ago, swansont said:

    ... nor does it mean that there is no overlap between these categories if you consider more criteria.

    Of course not. Despite men being taller than average, many women are taller than the average man. Not sure why you feel the need to point this out, given that everyone here understands that it is the top performances of each group that needs to be considered and for many sports there is such a persistent gap that World records are significantly different.


    13 hours ago, swansont said:

    Further, the admission that less than 1% aren’t covered by this (erroneous though that number is*) belies the argument that there are huge numbers of transgender individuals waiting to descend on athletics, if only some circumstances would change. You can’t have both be true. Either their numbers are small, or they are not.

    * less than 1% considering themselves to be transgender does not mean that this is the percentage of people who have characteristics from the other category. It only means that having such characteristics is not compelling enough to feel as if they are mislabeled.

    The less than 1% refers to the intersex, most of whom do not transgender.

    Less than 1% of humanity is intersex.

    Most transgenders, the vast majority, have natural biologies that the science of biology can readily categorize as male or female. Most make up part of the 99+%, and the more athletic ones could dominate some female sports if not burdened by any medical interventions. 

    When I say burdened I am referring to their potential for sports performance...it could be advantageous (or not in some cases) for their well being, depending on the competence of their medical care providers and fit of their medical treatments. These would of course be tailored to the individual and protocols would differ...making any group comparisons fairly useless for accurately assessing effect on sports performance for the purpose of any handicapping individuals for inclusion in a different group.

    11 hours ago, iNow said:

    Affirmative (even just within the intersex bucket, there are at least 4 different categories which brings us to a minimum value of 6 biological sexes), but we're talking about gender here anyway. 

    We are talking about biological sex with regard to the significant gap in sports potentials of the top biological males vs biological females.

    No similar gap is known to persist in the same manner for genders.

    Bruce Jenner could have become Caitlyn Jenner back in 1976. This would not have changed his/her potential in the decathlon without medical intervention. Obviously this potential could readily be changed by medical intervention, positively or negatively.


  9. 51 minutes ago, dimreepr said:

    Oh FFS, just answer the question, why do you care?

    The reason I care is, what if I found myself in a situation where I wouldn't be allowed to play in a game that disallows my webed feet...

    Over to you... 🧐

    FFS I've told you many times. Others have explained it as well.

    Stop gaslighting the thread and try explaining how you think transgender inclusion can work successfully in elite competitively fair and healthy female sports...if you can think of any practical way it can be done. So far no one has for most sports.

  10. 32 minutes ago, swansont said:

    No comprehensive definition is a far cry from no distinction.

    Exactly. The science of biology isn't quite as useless and some have implied here. Biologists reading the thread might want to take heart and drag their degrees back out of the waste basket. Creationists reading it and rubbing their hands with glee while reading some of the arguments for transgender inclusion should not get as emboldened as the arguments might suggest.

    The science of biology is sufficient to divide 99+% of humanity into biologically male or female and the existence of the less than 1% remaining does not change that.

    ...nor does any "spectrum", of secondary sex characteristics that includes the 99+%.

  11. 1 hour ago, dimreepr said:

    Oh, OK, Lord Coe confirms it; well he certainly has proved that he has no interest in money... where's the slap head emoji when I need it 😣


    1 hour ago, J.C.MacSwell said:

    Regardless of what may be motivating it, with regard to transgenders they certainly have:

    Maybe you need to slap your head and try reading that again...

  12. 15 minutes ago, dimreepr said:


     "International sports bodies have certainly moved in the direction of my position."

    No they haven't, they're just trying to maintain a political legitimacy to keep the sport financially viable; which leads us back to Cartman...

    Regardless of what may be motivating it, with regard to transgenders they certainly have:



  13. 6 hours ago, iNow said:


    ...But only because they won't be making the rules for elite sports based on inclusion over competitive fairness and there is a strong trend toward more fully protecting athlete health also.

    Since this thread started International sports bodies have certainly moved in the direction of my position. It's a shame their position on the intersex has been swept toward less inclusion and/or less health protection but it will be interesting to see what happens as Semenya's case is further resolved.

  14. 1 hour ago, mistermack said:

    So, just let men play the women, so long as they claim female gender? There's a lot of money at stake, it would be well worth it. Wimbledon, US open, women's events won by second grade men claiming female gender? I don't think it would go down too well. 

    Why the negative? Don't shoot the messenger.

    Do you really believe this won't happen at all if (hopefully as) transgenders are better accepted over time?

    If so Russian and French figure skating judges have some "beautiful" "waterfront" land they would like to sell you...

    Note that Mistermack is not claiming true transgenders will do this.

    Paraphrasing INow "Easy to cheap shots, hard to do the real work" (and no I'm not suggesting INow gave the negative)


    Of course if this was allowed to happen (it won't be) without sound rule changes the money in female sports would sadly shrink. Shouts of "equal pay" would be drowned out by "where's the gate receipts".

    But it won't happen because the hard work on the rules (and probably at least as much the financial considerations...greed for some) will prevent it or nip it in the bud.

    Hint to Democrats: voters will accept the greed over the threat of the collapse of elite female sports. 

    Am I overstating the concern? Yes, but only because the extremes won't get to make the rules...

    cue Dim to reply with that youtube again...

    (probably a few pages early for Vat to again add his astute observation on this thread)

  15. 2 hours ago, swansont said:

    Don’t ignore the possibility that women might prefer to not have to deal with sexual harassment, and that might be a contributing motivation for segregated divisions.

    Or simply female camaraderie. One of the regrettable things about exclusion I think would be missing out on that. I don't think it's anything close to enough to tip the scales for trans inclusion at elite levels, but at recreational level I think it does.


  16. 2 minutes ago, dimreepr said:

    That's a question for another topic.

    ...unless there is some inherent link to potential sports performance. Swansont has suggested there may be.

    In that case it may be on topic, though obviously nothing sports organizations need consider at this time.


  17. 17 hours ago, CharonY said:

    How did you figure out someone's sexual orientation in the past? 


    16 hours ago, swansont said:

    What’s the scientific test for someone being attracted to another? For someone being an introvert or extrovert?

    None of this required answers for any sports inclusions or exclusions. For lesbian or gay pride sports or events I think you are just accepted, but that is more recreational level.

    You both asked, yet I have no idea why. Lesbian athletes are over represented in many sports, and gay men underrepresented. If biology finds an inherent reason why, perhaps a new division or two could be created but I don't see the need for it. I don't see a significant performance gap due to sexual orientation at top levels that compares to the well known XY and XX gaps. This is not something the IOC, say, should be addressing at this time.

    Clearly a very significant performance gap remains for XY and XX elite level athletes, regardless of their declared gender, medical interventions notwithstanding. If there is something inherent motivating gender declaration, it clearly doesn't show as being significant compared to XX vs XY.


    17 hours ago, CharonY said:

    How did you scientifically prove to yourself that you are a man? 

    I happened to be in the 99+ % of humans where basic level biology made it obvious. One of the many that don't need to point at the fraction of 1% to question any personal exclusion from  elite female sports.

    17 hours ago, CharonY said:

    How does it related to categorization in sports, and if that is so confusing how did folks do that for cis-folks?

    It was problematic for the less than 1% known as intersex, though only for females with regard to inclusion in elite sports.

    If you want to include non intersex XY athletes in elite female sports based on possible inherent biological disadvantage, science has a lot of work to do before it becomes useful in doing so.



  18. 9 minutes ago, swansont said:

    Gender identity refers to a person’s internal sense of being male, female or something else


    I don’t see “chooses” in that definition. That’s something that you have added.


    Obviously the way you understand choice differs from mine. Why do you choose to be right- or left-handed?



    What would be the scientific test for that? How should the rules be enforced, if not simply accepting an individual's claim?


    What was Bruce Jenner's gender identity back in 1976? Unknown?

    It seems most of the definitions I google  are trying more to justify rather than describe the working use of the term.

    With the definition you choose (seem motivated) to use, no one can prove their gender identity.


  19. 1 hour ago, swansont said:

    Is this based on your comprehensive knowledge of studies? Is this another opinion?

    And “caused by the choice”? Who is claiming that this “choice” is causing anything?

    There are biological differences between cis men and transgender women, so there could very well be differences that affect athletic performance.

    Differences in brain structure


    Differences in estrogen receptors 


    Something biological? Yes. see above.

    Estrogen? See above.


    see also


    I think you misunderstand what gender currently means.

    It means how an individual chooses to identify. There is no other test.

    You can argue whether anyone has a choice or free will, or not, but that can't be proven. We have decided to accept an individuals choice, as we understand choice.

    So you can take two identical twins, with essentially the same genes and hormone numbers and one can identify female and the other male and that is accepted as their respective genders.

    If you believe you can go further than that and find a physical something that might motivate the choice, that doesn't change the above and with respect to sports you still need to connect it to athletic potential for it to be meaningful to those that must make and put in practise rules for elite competition.


    Elite female sports has developed because of a clear and significant gap in the top performances of XY and XX athletes...not because of any clear or significant gap in choice of gender, or motivation for that choice.

    Bruce Jenner was at one time considered by many the best XY athlete in the World and clearly enjoyed XY advantage, however difficult to say exactly why. Caitlyn Jenner is now perhaps the best known transgender on the planet. Whether there was something innate driving her decision, or not, it seems unlikely to have given her as Bruce Jenner any substantial disadvantage...though who knows...it's pretty much impossible to ascertain just as it is even more impossible to prejudge athletic potential sufficiently for the purpose of elite sports any time soon.

    For what it's worth, I tend to agree with much of Caitlyn Jenner's position on this topic.

  20. 1 minute ago, swansont said:

    It’s a mistake to frame this as a choice.

    Several times I’ve asked why someone has chosen to be right- or left-handed. Nobody has deigned to respond.

    You are suggesting there is something inherent driving the gender identification motivation? 

    Do you have a reason to believe there is a connection between that and sports potential?



  21. 31 minutes ago, dimreepr said:

    It's not an athletic choice, it's a human one. 

    It's like asking what colour do you want in a game of risk or what avatar in monopoly?


    Right. The risk players know their choice of colour will have no effect on the game. No need to complain about a current lack of evidence.

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