Why are mathematicians afraid of contradictions? In my opinion, contradictions should be afraid of physics, and mathematicians study everything that can be imagined. So why not head into the world of prohibitions and experiment with "absolute mathematical completeness"? In this article, I will briefly try to describe the results of my observations. Here you will not see the hard evidence on which my assumptions are based. All the same, they will not be interesting to anyone. I just want to get people interested in looking for new ways to code. Binary classical and quantum systems are not the only ways of ordering information, and for some reason no one talks about this, and does not attempt to find other, larger-scale options. The geometrical interpretation of information theory, recently considered here, is the origin of such a view, but it boils down to the probability of the occurrence of events under conditions of entropy.

Take a look at my artistic version of full diversity, which I sometimes tell my little brother instead of a bedtime story.

A bonus awaits you at the end. I will show you how you can encode the volume of normal air !!! To do this, you only need a cylinder and a piston, which, with the help of the correct combination of back-and-forth movements, generates a full-fledged, self-sufficient algorithm. The structure of this algorithm is not only particles, but also the voids between them.

For some systems, I had to give my own names, which may scare you away, but take this as a child's fantasy. It is not my fault that these systems are still not open. No work is being done in this direction due to internal contradictions between the unification of higher order logics. But, can you prove that it is impossible to identify a consistent system from a contradictory system? I doubt it.

Mathematical completeness (Everything that exists)picture1. Mathematical completeness (Everything that exists)

Assam's system is a second-order logic, an integral part of a higher-order logic, the Dyki unification. It consists of two types of vectors. Constantly tapering and expanding. In the Assam system, three (four, taking into account two neutrals) are possible relative types of motion, carried out by the method of shifting vectors from one area to another. The displacements are a consequence of the compression of the red vectors and the stretching of the blue vectors indicated in Figure 1. The arrows indicate the general direction of motion of the array of some combination.

Neutral, between the first and second types of variability. As in the non-existent world of the Dambi system, in the neutral there is no interaction, of any internal system with the external one. Because there is no relativity, and, therefore, there is no time, mass, speed, temperature and other calculated values arising from the impossibility of comparing something, analyzing one local variability relative to another, due to the lack of such internal operations as integration and differentiation between maternity and continuous values. The neutral, in turn, is subdivided into two levels of constant dependence. More on this below. The variety of the third case can only be obtained from the first and second. The displacements in the first two cases are carried out in the full range from a single shift of the minimum value to a specific array of the maximum value. The sequence of shifts is strictly relative. The more often the values x and y alternate on a given scale (segment), the faster the changes will take place there, because regardless of size, each vector moves in both directions at the same infinite speed.

In the universe, an increasing rate of change can be observed at the atomic level of the microcosm, and at the intergalactic level of the megaworld. This happens within the framework of quantum mechanics, and for a number of other "mysterious" reasons associated with dark energy, dark matter, and God knows what else is dark. When physicists do not understand something, they begin to invent phenomena with the "dark" prefix. The main factor is the vantage point.

Let's imagine all the possible options for alternating rows of continuously converging and diverging, which personify vacuum and pressure, respectively.

What constants are, why are they needed and where do they come from.

For the Assam system, the following set of constants is valid:

Antiuniverse: y = const = 1, → ∞ x > ∞ y;

Universe: x = const = 1, → ∞ x < ∞ y;

Neutral1: x, y = const (0; ∞), → ∞ x = ∞ y;

Neutral2: not const, → ∞ x = ∞ y.

Constants are fixed values. These are the reference points for pinpointing local contraction or expansion. They determine the approach to zero or infinity. Thanks to the constants (and their absence in the fourth case), Assam's system can be divided into four types of movements.

picture6.Four types of minimum values (vectors), existing and non-existent representations of geometric variability and non-variability. Possible combinations of infinity.

The figure shows the Assam system (x + y), together with the Dumby system (x, y + 0). The depicted two straight lines from compound colored lines, which can be extended indefinitely, and combined with each other in a complete enumeration 2 ^ x. If, in the case of an infinite increase at any point x, there can be y, then x = y. Accordingly, in the general Assam system, the pressure is equal to vacuum. They differ only on a specific, relative scale.

Conditions under which the value of y grows into the value of x:

Let us choose an arbitrary section on a continuous continuously narrowing vector y (emptying) and increase it many times, for example, by a factor of 100. Then the points x will emerge that were not there before. At large scales, they were ignored by the system. A limited computing system cannot perceive values less than its own minimum value, relative scale. After repeating the enlargement operation, new, smaller X's appear on the second line from the top. Moreover, they can be in various places, but the important condition is that all black lines should always be longer than red ones. It turns out to be a funny situation. The red vector of expansion can be located at any infinitesimal point of the black vector of contraction, which means that in a non-relative system, it is it. However, even in a non-relative system, the common vector will narrow at all infinitesimal points.

If, y is not taken into account, then the site will turn into a full-fledged infinite extension of x. And, the most interesting thing is that not one vector is not initially determined by the properties of compression or expansion. This means that not one infinity clearly prevails over the other. The original red expansion vector may be a black contraction vector, the prevailing values of which are lost at infinitely rapidly changing scales. And vice versa. This may seem inconceivable. It turns out that any converging series is divergent, under conditions of infinitely fast approximation. One and the same infinity can become larger, or it can become smaller, relative to another infinity.

The mere formulation of such an assumption, in its complexity, can surpass all the "Millennium Prize Challenges" in the field of mathematics.

Take, an arbitrary vector y, which is the minimum value of some system. The range of x, y ratios inside it will look like this:

if x = 0.0∞1, then y = 0.9∞9,

if x = 0.49∞9, then y = 0.50∞1

I do not want to dwell on the Dumby system for a long time. Let us take into account only the fact that, like the Assam system, there are two opposite types of variability. An infinitely large point is obviously also infinitely small, as it contains an infinite number of small points, and vice versa, at each infinitely small point, there is a set of infinitely large ones. The minimum values of the Dambi system are isolated from each other and cannot be calculated using the Assam system. It is a non-relative view, with the opposite computational process of variability. During this process, changes do not occur. In this case, it is impossible to accept the influence of the external system to the internal system until the internal system itself embraces the external one.

The logical union of Dyki is the basic logic of a higher order, which is built on eighteen dimensions, with a minimal, tetrahedral form. Of the myriad of other non-logical associations of Homeopolo, with minimal forms, based on dimensions, from zero to infinity. Homeopolo is a "super-highest order" logic. It cannot be calculated, not by one other system of unions, since it has infinite types of infinities, respectively, and an infinite difference between them. However, in its absolute completeness, Homeopolo can calculate itself, which means that it does not contradict the law of perfect mathematical versatility, on which the postulate of general representations of this concept is based. Dyki is a special case.

Setting the speed of directional movement is carried out by entering ⸎ and three conditional cycles. To move arrays of a certain scale in a given direction, you must set the following conditions:

In front of the vector place the cycle y = const, and behind the array, place the cycle x = const. The array itself has all three cycles, as it is an equilibrium zone.

At y = const = 1, → ∞ x > ∞ y - the common section expands;

When x = const = 1, → ∞ x < ∞ y - the common section is narrowed;

For x, y = const (0; ∞), → ∞ x = ∞ y - the common section does not change;

At not const or x = n, y = n, → ∞ x = ∞ y - the common section does not change.

Let's designate the zone of the array. It will be an arbitrary vector, the "Gladon frame".

Begin:

In order to keep the algorithms of the given sequences, a continuous cycle of transformation of x pressure into y discharge is needed and vice versa.

From this figure, you can see exactly how the system looks in equilibrium (left), and what changes need to be made in order, for example, to move upward (right). When entering the program of holding algorithms, the array of the lower section will begin to create continuous pressure, predominantly by the dimension x. An array of the upper section, having a continuous discharge, usually having y. In the middle section, the array remains unchanged. It is assumed that this area, or rather what is in it, will move upward, but the partitions should not be insulating.

For the first section (vacuum):

Begin:

x = const = 1, y > 1;

y = const = 1, x < 1;

x, y = const = x < y;

x, y = not const = x < 1, y > 1;

t0 = (x / n + y / n) * n = 0;

t1 = (x / n + y / n) * n = 1;

t0 + t1 = const x, const y = 1;

n (1; ∞) is the dimension of x, y;

N (1; ∞) is the number by which the sum of x or y is divisible.

Decision:

if x = const >, < 1; y <, = 1 then

y n = t0 = (sum 0 < y n <0.5) + (sum 0.5 < x n < 1) = 1,

y n = t1 = (sum 0.5 < x n <1) / N = (sum 0 < y n < 0.5) = 1,

if t0 + t1 > 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n + +

if t0 + t1 < 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n - -

if y = const>, <1; x>, = 1 then

y n = t0 = (sum 0 < y n < 0.5) + (sum 0.5 < x n < 1) = 1,

y n = t1 = (sum 0.5 <x n <1) / N = (sum 0 < y n < 0.5) = 1,

if t0 + t1> 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n + +

if t0 + t1 <1, then (x / n + y / n) * n - -

if x, y = const = x >, = y then

x, y = const, x n = y n, then x = 0, y = 0; and if x, y = const = x n > y n,

y n = t0 = (sum 0 < y n < 0.5) + (sum 0.5 < x n < 1),

y n = t1 = (sum 0.5 < x n < 1) / N = (sum 0 < y n < 0.5) = 1,

if t0 + t1 > 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n + +

if t0 + t1 < 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n - -

if x, y = not const = x >, = 1; y <, = 1 then

x, y = not const, x n = y n, then x = 0, y = 0; and if x, y = const = x n> 1, y n <1,

y n = t0 = (sum 0 < y n < 0.5) + (sum 0.5 <x n <1),

y n = t1 = (sum 0.5 < x n < 1) / N = (sum 0 < y n < 0.5) = 1,

if t0 + t1 > 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n + +

if t0 + t1 < 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n - -

For the second section (pressure):

Begin:

x = const = 1, y < 1;

y = const = 1, x > 1;

x, y = const = x > y;

x, y = not const = x > 1, y < 1;

t0 = (x / n + y / n) * n = 0;

t1 = (x / n + y / n) * n = 1;

t0 + t1 = const x, const y = 1;

Decision:

if x = const >, < 1; y >, = 1 then

x n = t0 = (sum 0 < x n < 0.5) + (sum 0.5 < y n < 1) = 1,

x n = t1 = (sum 0.5 < y n < 1) / N = (sum 0 < x n < 0.5) = 1,

if t0 + t1 > 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n + +

if t0 + t1 < 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n - -

if y = const>, <1; x <, = 1 then

x n = t0 = (sum 0 < x n < 0.5) + (sum 0.5 < y n < 1) = 1,

x n = t1 = (sum 0.5 < y n <1) / N = (sum 0 < x n < 0.5) = 1,

if t0 + t1 > 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n + +

if t0 + t1 < 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n - -

if x, y = const = x <, = y then

x, y = const, x n = y n, then x = 0, y = 0; and if x, y = const = x n <y n,

x n = t0 = (sum 0 < x n < 0.5) + (sum 0.5 < y n < 1) = 1,

x n = t1 = (sum 0.5 < y n < 1) / N = (sum 0 < x n < 0.5) = 1,

if t0 + t1 > 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n + +

if t0 + t1 < 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n - -

if x, y = not const = x <, = 1; y>, = 1 then

x, y = not const, x n = y n, then x = 0, y = 0; and if x, y = not const = x n> 1, y n <1,

x n = t0 = (sum 0 < x n < 0.5) + (sum 0.5 < y n < 1) = 1,

x n = t1 = (sum 0.5 < y n < 1) / N = (sum 0 < x n < 0.5) = 1,

if t0 + t1 > 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n + +

if t0 + t1 < 1, then (x / n + y / n) * n - -

picture10.

In order to capture all the states of the source, compiling, and final code, conditions must be created to simulate such relative positions. The figure clearly demonstrates the fixation of all cases of sequences (except for x> y, and y> x, which combine the three above cases). Having placed atmospheric pressure in a cylindrical vessel, it is also necessary to place in them movable membranes (pistons) indicated in green, under the control of a microcontroller. In this case, atmospheric pressure, or simply air, will be the object of coding, and the pistons, with the help of backward translational movements, impulses assigned to them, cyclic conditions, are coding tools. The principle of this coding is somewhat similar to the coding of CNC machines. The only difference is that the initial, conditional operations, contributing to the binding of air to the necessary conditions and cycles, are carried out mechanically in a standard way (using signals from an electronic microcontroller). But, when the program is ready, the cause-and-effect relationships must independently continue to generate a cyclic compilation, from eight conditions and eight decisions, based on replacing the variables x and y with each other locally and in full. The whole difficulty lies in the injection of the code. It is necessary to force unmanaged algorithms to respond to the commands given to them. How can this be done? We know that in a neutral environment, taken as a relative reference point, or zero point, there are all possible algorithms. The following actions are such that from logical completeness, it is necessary to single out several special cases. And, to do this in such a way as not to ignore the wrong (unnecessary) sequences, but to rebuild them into the necessary ones using the previously considered cycles that simulate decoupling from scales and relativity. Having set the timings, to 1, in non-relative local loops, we set them the execution time, for the fastest relative value.

The numbers in the figure indicate the amount of air injection (in blue squares) and air evacuation (in red), in cm ^ 3. To obtain a valid algorithm, you must strictly follow the sequence of actions. Even when writing these values, it is important to write constants in the first step so that in the fourth step, when a floating value y (1-2) is received, start from one, and not from zero, as in the previous cases. The first action is needed in order to borrow 1y from there, x is not needed, it is written just like that, there is no need for it. The first step is to create a backup data store. The sixth action, for example, requires an initial y - 4, but it is taken from 2,3,4 actions, so there is no need to create additional reserves. The fifth action is the sum of 2,3,4 actions. Actions of the 0-1 format take place directly at the moment of movement. That is, if 0-1 is specified, this is an infinite number of values in this interval. To obtain such an effect, it is necessary to reduce the volume of the cylinder (when dividing), without affecting at all the density, pressure / vacuum values. When, for example, the selected area tends to zero, it must maintain the overall ratio of x and y densities.

The first function, arising from the contradictions of the first condition, directs the algorithm to correct it, rebuild or “cyclical balancing”. If the initial conditions are not met, then, in the minimum value, const = 1, x prevails over y. Let's equate x to y so that y occupies most of the const, and tends to 1. For this, the funniest fraud is performed, catching y (0-0.5) on all x (0.5-1). After that, it remains to set the time to create a fixed time for performing cyclic balancing. Bind the initial time to 0, and the final time to the minimum const value. If the time conditions are not met, due to the low speed, then the alternation throughout the volume increases, in the direction of cyclical balancing, thus accelerating the rate of variability. If, on the contrary, it is necessary to slow down the speed, as indicated in the lower right corner, the increase in the alternations is carried out in the direction of unbalance. Also, the time depends on the number of algorithms in the volume of the cylinder, which are set separately. Similar to the first function, the other 3 functions are generated. The sixth action completely decouples from the scale, and only after it can functions be built on any site.

Do you understand anything? Ask questions.

I have been doing my own style of microbiological research for close to 2 decades. I call myself an amature, but have done real life practice in the field, dispite any board certifications including running a "hobby lab".

About the rat, named **Marcel**. He is a pet now.

He suffers from extreme itch, and scratches incessantly...and sometimes it drives him crazy.

Checked him for everthing. Even treated for several other incidental things like mycoplasma (pulmonary).

Stool shows mucus related monocyte-derived macrophages which are active from time to time, but mostly quiescent.

No mites detected. No skin urticaria, no missing fur, skin pink and healthy. Response to antihistamines are nominal.

No identifiable parasites in stool, however, unusual lack of robust bacteria. Stool; normal appearance.

Cultures reveal nothing unusual...until now.

I had a pellet of faeces in shallow water at lower than normal room temperature for over a week. Bacteria in supernatant are normal. But, the surface of the pellet revealed a very low powdery flora which is a type of fungus. Microscopically, the fungi is unusual. It produces very small but motile objects...maybe .5 um in size.

All surrounding bacteria are dead. The hyphea do not produce fruit(buds).I must assume this fungus is toxic.

Could there be forms of this fungi in the bowel that produce a toxin which trigger mast cells? Could the accumulation of histamines be hurting microbiota?

What experiment should I do next?

I am thinking about purifying the fungal metabolites, and mixing in with fresh stool sample to see if quiescent macrophages activate.

Plus have a control with neutral solution mix.

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So, one day after hiking, we took the tick that was on me and did a small experiment. We sat between two to three feet apart on a wood floor and placed the tick in the center of us. We would then wait to see who the tick would walk to. After he within a couple inches of our body, we would change our positions and orientation and put the tick in the center again. The result was 10 out of 11 times the tick walked to me.

]]>I would like to have a go at growing crystals with Water Glass, or Sodium Silicate, NaSiO_3 IIRC, As I don't have any to hand, I do have small bags of Silica Gel that you get in shoe boxes for example.

Is this the same substance, and is this water soluble . In which case is this a case of fill a small container with water and place the gel in to dissolve it..

I am guessing this is yes, but just asking.

Thanks

Paul

]]>I'm designing an experiment of using a variable voltage power supply (0-30V, max 10A) to power magnetic copper wires wrapped around an E shaped iron core. The wire has a resistance of 0.000533 ohms per cm, the diameter of the wire is 0.065cm, the iron core's dimensions are 2.54x3x6.5 cm3.

From the calculations, I found that it takes roughly 40 'turns' of the wire around the core; this is in total 760cm of wire length (minus the wire length between the core and the power supply). The total resistance I found in the coil would be 0.405 ohms. From Ohm's Law, I would get around 74A of current from this setup.

Questions:

1. To calculate the magnetic field of a point above the iron core, would I use B=mu*(N/L)*I? Or is this only for the center of a solenoid?

2. The max current running through the wire is 10A. Based on the setup, I'm wondering if this is sufficient to produce a "strong" magnetic field. To find out this strength, would I need to find out the magnetic field, and then its corresponding force at a certain point?

3. The experiment is for maglev purposes actually; I have a superconductor that I'd like to try to see how variable voltage can change the distance between it and the iron core. With this in mind, would my calculations also require a force diagram of the weight of the superconductor and the magnetic force and then I'd be able to find the distance between them at a certain voltage?

4. Finally, I am very new to electricity and would like a lot of feedback on the setup and most importantly safety tips. Any feedback is welcome.

Thank you!

]]>

I recently performed an experiment similar to the Schmidt (1980) experiment, and unlike Schmidt, I got something that looks like a positive result, but only after numerous unsuccessful attempts.

This is part of the abstract of the Schmidt (1980) paper; A Search for Advanced Fields in Electromagnetic Radiation:

*An experiment to search for an advanced component of electromagnetic radiation, as suggested by the time symmetry of Maxwell's equations was conducted. A dipole transmitting antenna was driven periodically with 10.2 GHz microwave pulses of 12 ns duration and 4 watt instantaneous power. A receiving dipole antenna at a distance R = 10m away was instrumented to search for power above noise received in a time gate at a time r/c prior to transmission of each pulse. Data were integrated over 10 to the 7th power pulses. The experiment was performed at Lick Observatory, atop Mt. Hamilton, CA, to enable placement of the antennas so that a line connecting them, when extended to infinity in both directions, encounters no local complete absorber.*

In the Schmidt experiment configuration I also got negative results. After at least 2000 runs in which no statistically significant signal above the level of the noise were detected in the advanced time window, I introduced three important changes in the experiment. The positive result was obtained only when all three changes are implemented simultaneously:

1. The experiment is carried out at wavelengths greater than 21 cm. It is possible that, due to the red shift in the distant future, microwaves of shorter wavelengths become stretched to the wavelength of 21 cm and absorbed by interstellar hydrogen, as suggested by Fearn (2014).

2. The detection is done with a λ/20 antenna, as suggested by Niknejadi (2015). The advanced signal disappears when antenna of ≈λ/6.7 or bigger is used for detection.

3. The antennas are placed so that a line connecting them, when extended behind the receiving antenna, points to the sky at an angle of ≈10° above the horizon. The advanced signal disappears in conditions of high relative humidity of the air and overcast sky at angles of less than ≈5°.

Even though the SNR of the signal measured in the advanced time window defined as μ/σ reaches 30.9, the possibility that the real cause of the signal is an unknown source of systematic error cannot be completely ruled out.

If perhaps someone is interested to reproduce the experiment to confirm or refute the results, here can find more details about the experiment:

Measurement of Advanced Electromagnetic Radiation - http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.247283

From the above working paper:

The block diagram of the basic experiment is shown in Figure 1. RF signal generator Signal Hound VSG25A generates pulses in duration of 6 ns to 24 ns (FWHM) and 10 mW (CW) power. Signal is supplied with an 8 cm long coaxial cable to the RF amplifier Mitsubishi M57796MA from which the signal amplified to ≈100 mW (CW) is supplied to a λ/10 monopole transmitting antenna, placed 200 cm above the surrounding terrain. At a distance of 430 cm, a receiving λ/20 monopole antenna is placed at the height of 300 cm above the ground. Angle between the horizon and the line connecting the two antennas is ≈10°. Received signal is supplied by 60 cm long coaxial cable through simple high pass filter to 50Ω input of 300 MHz oscilloscope Rigol DS2302A and a 100 MHz wide digital band-pass filter is applied to the signal. Horizontal scale is set to10 ns/div, vertical scale is set to 500 μV/div, while the mathematical scale in which the filtered signal is shown is set to 200 μV/div.

Fig. 1

Figure 2 A shows a signal measured in the above described configuration at an angle of ≈10°. Peak of the retarded pulse, 12 ns FWHM, wavelength of 167 cm is at 0 ns. Peak of the advanced signal is at -28.6±0.2 ns. Average value (Vrms) of advanced signal after 1000 pulses is 252.3±9.5 μV. Error is the standard deviation. As shown in Figure 2 B, by raising the transmitting antenna by 50 cm and thereby by reducing the angle to ≈ 3.5°, the advanced signal weakened to 35.4±5.1 μV. Runs were made 5 minutes apart at clear skies and low relative humidity. Same effect can be achieved by lowering the receiving antenna to the height of the transmitting antenna. In conditions of high relative humidity of the air or cloudy weather, the signal completely disappears at angles smaller than ≈5°.

Fig. 2A

Fig. 2B

I'm not a professional physicist (obviously), so it is possible that I made some big mistake that I did not aware of. Any criticism is welcomed and appreciated.

]]>

As a disclaimer, please note that concentrated hydrogen peroxide is corrosive (especially to eyes) and is a very strong oxidizer - it should only be handled with appropriate safety equipment, and under the supervision of someone who is familiar with it's properties.

]]>

1. Are these actually powering a bulb?

2. How long would last if never stopped?

3. Any fire danger?

4. I have a retrieving that says it will lift 800 lbs.

5. Any danger of doing the same thing with the retrieving magnet?

6. How big a light will it power?

Thanks for looking. I am retired and have some kids asking me. I wonder also.

]]>please post if u do.

Regards

Amar.

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Sooo I study osteopathy. I'm really enjoying the course, I get to work in a clinic and first-hand see the treatments implemented and how people overcome their pain through their treatment.

One of my lecturers isn't a qualified osteopath however, they are more like a form tutor come first year guide into science, complimentary medicine and ethics. They're nice enough, though I really don't think they likes any of the work that I've handed in. They also have a high respect for homeopathy and reiki. Don't get my wrong, I'm not going to start being rude about certain traditions (even though watching James Randi videos about faith healer scams makes me worry) but I'm a bit sceptical.

The other day they were talking about the power of water: I agree with them that its an incredible substance, water is life. But they pointed to an experience about a wired up beating heart which was placed in water, removed and then a non-wired up heart being placed in the same water and began beating. They credited to a documentary called "The Memory of Water" but when I go on YouTube I can only find this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ILSyt_Hhbjg&t=8s

The experiment here is of placing flowers in water and imaging the droplets around them. It's a beautiful experiment but I can't find anything about the heart. I've googled lots of different combination of words to no avail.

If anyone knows where I can find the experiment they were talking about or have a scientific explanation I'd be incredibly grateful. It's scratching around my brain a bit.

]]>

I assembled a cell as described above and observed an initial cell voltage that rose to 75 millivolts, sometimes more. I then monitored the cell voltage, once a day, over several days as the cell voltage slowly decreased, finally leveling off around the upper 20 millivolts. At the end of 5 months of continuous operation, the cell voltage remained in the lower 20 millivolts.

This Try this experiment for yourself, who knows what you might discover. Detailed plans and a brief history are viewable at https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/stratified-electrolytes

]]>My project title is testing for reducing sugars

would testing just for glucose by using a glucose testing strip me enough

i need to conduct a quantitative experiment

its due tomorrow

]]>QuoteAccording to the Chinese book

Ten Thousand Infallible Arts of the Prince of Huai-Nan, written around 150 BC, someone did an experiment to get an eggshell to rise into the air. They blew the yolk and white out of the shell through a small hole (as people do to make Easter eggs). Then they stuck some burning weeds through the hole into the shell. The air inside the shell got hotter, because hot air rises. The eggshell got so light that the wind was able to lift the eggshell and it flew through the air. This couldn’t really work – it’s not enough hot air to lift an eggshell. But the story shows that by 150 BC people in China knew that hot air rises and were interested in using this fact to make things fly.

https://quatr.us/china/made-first-hot-air-balloon-china.htm

As commonly described I agree with most that think it couldn't work due to the weight of the shell.

One thought on the balloon front was to remove the hard shell with a vinegar bath. Results in a decent membrane but the egg tore apart on me as I tried to subsequently remove the egg white/yolk. Think what might work is to remove the egg white/yolk first and then to use the vinegar. Thinking piping in hot air might work from that point on. I can't see direct exposure to flame as being possible.

Did manage to get a hard hallowed egg to serve as a pressure vessel though and even pop about a bit as the wax sealing the hole melted and the steam came out. With a careful setup might be able to function as a brief steam rocket. Does keep water surprisingly well against the force of gravity, even without the wax being added.

Kind of weird but an interesting little project.

]]>So for example, if we drag some orbiting mass inwards, we get a positive inertial torque, caused by conservation of angular momentum increasing speed to compensate the drop in MoI, so preserving their product.

Suppose we have two identical rotors, in free space (no gravity), connected by a motor. We begin with them in uniform rotation - same speed and sign.

Then we fire the motor, decelerating one rotor to halt, whilst doubling the speed of the other.

Now, let's add an inertial torque to the decelerated rotor - upon activating the motor, we also begin dragging the decelerated rotor's mass inwards against CF force. Control the radial speed, such that the inertial torque perfectly matches the motor's counter-torque.

What happens? We get "over-unity" work efficiency from the motor. The rise in rotational KE is greater than the torque * angle of the motor:

..however, the 'gain' is also precisely equal to the work done against CF force! So, no gain at all, ultimately.

The interaction thus solves perfectly to unity.

So, what if we changed the means by which MoI is varied - what if there were some way of changing MoI without having to physically move mass in and out against axial centrifugal force?

It turns out there's an extremely simple means to do this - perform the radial translations (moving mass in and out) upon orbiting rotors instead! Unlike axial inbound vs outbound CF integrals, orbital ones sum to zero! Mutually cancelling!

Furthermore, we don't even need to physically perform the radial translation at all; the MoI suddenly converges to the net orbital mass focused at the locii of the orbiting axes the instant they begin to counter-rotate, hence we can cause a binary 'flip' in MoI states, merely by switching an orbiting motor on and off!

So we can cause the same change in MoI, both by applying torque to the orbiting axes, as by physically moving the masses into their axial centers! Here it is in action:

As you can see, the 'inertial torque' caused by this sudden MoI change is equal in sign and magnitude to the conventional torque - and counter-torque - being applied by the motors.. the latter two cancel out, leaving just the inertial torque.

The orbiting rotors are decelerated by 1 rad/s, the central one accelerates by 1 rad/s, net input torque * angle is zero, net momentum never once wavers, and because conservation of momentum applies at lightspeed... we get an instantaneous change in velocity!

The acceleration is either "infinite", or else, there's no acceleration phase at all to speak of (a philosophical matter perhaps)..

So the binary change in MoI accompanies a binary change in velocity and rotational KE!

I've put a small archive of examples together, including more detailed explanations of the exploit, here:

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1P1tlUn7THSKZ0CjWaFHFzFtOfrYVY6Ls

I think i may be somewhat out of my depth at this point..

- Please don't insta-ban me, mods! This is a genuine measurement with dual independent derivations of output energy, and standard F*d integrals for input energy - the latter have also been solved in terms of power * time with zero deviation, i just left those out to minimise complexity.. further examples / control cases etc. available on request. No innovations, it's just momentum and KE, using only the standard formulas throughout..

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Where should I store yeast and blood to keep the catalase intact? Can I put it in a freezer?

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