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  2. A biological deterministic view of good and bad

    That's not what I said. I said positive emotions themselves are wanting and liking. They are the reward wanting and liking in the brain. From there, I said that if you want and like something, this means it matters to you which, in turn, means it is something that has value from your perspective. That is why I draw the conclusion that positive emotions allow us to perceive value in regards to things.
  3. A biological deterministic view of good and bad

    How do you determine value? Xposted
  4. A biological deterministic view of good and bad

    Is that supposed to be insightful? "If you get what you want you will experience a positive emotion" Wow. Amazing. You should get a Nobel Prize.
  5. A biological deterministic view of good and bad

    I already presented it in my opening post. Read my entire opening post and you will find it. You will also gain further insight by reading my whole opening post. As for my formula, this was it: "Positive and negative emotions are the reward wanting and liking as well as the disreward not wanting and not liking=something mattering to you=it having value from your perspective."
  6. A biological deterministic view of good and bad

    Fair enough but I'd still like to see it.
  7. The dancer astronaut

    Never mind the box, John. What if you spin the universe around the astronaut ? Do his arms still fly out to the sides as they would if he was spinning ? ( this question has always fascinated me )
  8. Iron Diamine complex

    What will be the complex formed if Iron Nitrate is added to Diamine solution? Has anybody done FTIR studies on such complex?
  9. A biological deterministic view of good and bad

    It wasn't a scientific formula. It was a formula based upon reasoning alone.
  10. A biological deterministic view of good and bad

    When are you going to share/show us that formula?
  11. There are the lower, basic emotions such as a feeling of excitement from getting a new movie, feeling sexually aroused, or a feeling of panic from being in a dangerous situation. I think we call these emotions the instinctive emotions. These emotions are actually the perception of value. In other words, they are mental states where we perceive things, moments, people, and situations as beautiful, horrible, good, bad, or disgusting depending on which emotion we feel. I have come up with a formula that attempts to translate emotions into value. Our pleasant emotions are the reward wanting and liking in the brain. When you want and like something, this means it matters to you. When something matters to you, this means it is something good or bad from your perspective. Our pleasant emotions allow us to perceive things as good and beautiful while our unpleasant emotions allow us to perceive things as horrible and disgusting. Therefore, my formula that attempts to translate emotions into value would be "Positive and negative emotions are the reward wanting and liking as well as the disreward not wanting and not liking=something mattering to you=it having value from your perspective." From there, I continue to explain how our morality, character, and intellect alone cannot be any real source of value in our lives by using a hunger and thirst analogy. There is no intellectual and moral form of hunger and thirst just as how there is no intellectual and moral form of value. Value is the same thing as our instinctive emotions just as how hunger and thirst is the same thing as the feeling of needing something to eat or drink. As you can see here, I have a purely biological perspective on value. I think value is reduced to our biochemical emotions and I do not agree with the idea that we can have value in our lives through our character, deeds, intellect, morals, and obligations/responsibilities alone. One last thing. I will present the study that shows how our positive emotions are the reward wanting and liking: Quote We have found a special hedonic hotspot that is crucial for reward 'liking' and 'wanting' (and codes reward learning too). The opioid hedonic hotspot is shown in red above. It works together with another hedonic hotspot in the more famous nucleus accumbens to generate pleasure 'liking'. ‘Liking’ and ‘wanting’ food rewards: Brain substrates and roles in eating disorders Kent C. Berridge 2009 Mar 29.
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  13. how to turn a believer

    Of course, they are. To realistically demonstrate all religions (with a God) are the same and equally invalid you must show why/how (a god is necessary) it's not just a misinterpretation of a written intention that has gone through (orders of magnitude) Chinese whispers. For instance, Hank may have been true to his word but Carl fucked it up because he wanted his arse kissed too, and that's just 1 degree of separation.
  14. This startup could revolutionize medical science and healthcare

    Given the current controversies over data retention and leakage, I think this idea is too early before the security methods and protocols are sorted and accepted to be reasonably secure. This won't work in a universal care system because everyone is treated the same. It's a recipe for discrimination on the part of the insurance suppliers.
  15. The dancer astronaut

    One way to start spinning would be to punch a hole in your space suit so the air rushes out. Les lethal options would also ne possible. Imagine doing a similar experiment, but in a big black box floating in space. You start spinning and you notice that your arms get flung out to the sides because you are spinning, but because of the box, you can't see the stars. OK, stop the spinning . Now imagine that there are "stars " painted on the box in luminous paint and that, while you are not spinning, someone sets the box rotating round you- your arms don't suddenly get flung out by centrifugal force because you are not spinning. You might recognise that the stars have nothing to do with it. The forces on your arms are a function of your rotation.
  16. Right & left handed tools...

    To cut safely and accurately to the mark or line on the work, the blade should be between your shoulders and arms. This is so your eye balls line up. I am left handed. When it comes to dangerous power tools like a Skill Saw, lefties usually just learn to use the right handed tools right handed. Difficult but doable. Over time one just gets used to it. The ongoing problem buying and using left handed tools is that lefties quickly get very dependent upon them. Then when only right handed power tools are available it makes things very dangerous all over again relearning to use right handed tools. Most folks are right handed. Consumer goods are right handed. The solution for South Paws is hard. ex contractor builder.
  17. Yes, I understand now. Okay, forget about the trachea; would artificial bronchial tubes work?
  18. Space-Time, Imaginary Time and a Singularity.

    I had another little think about this last night, and thought that I had managed to prove to myself, that I was wrong. But...Anyway, here's what I thought: “If the space-time ends when the last particle within it reaches absolute zero, then space-time could reach a point when it has no future. So surly, the same could also be true for a singularity, and if the singularity doesn't need to have a future then the whole theory is redundant.” This lead me to a better understanding of time. I'm going to use the word particle a lot, it probably doesn't apply literally (e.g. “light is both a particle and a wave”), but those of you who know the correct terminology will have to give me some poetic licence (I'm not a physicist). Space-time has four potential futures/endings: a) Space-time is infinite. b) Space-time reaches absolute zero. c) Space-time reverses. d) Space-time leads back to a singularity. I am travelling through space-time in a 'particle of time' or a 'singularity of time' if you prefer. Each 'particle of time' contains three properties, past, present, future, (1-2-3) and only the 'past property' can contain a null value (0-1-2). Only case (b) presents a potential problem to my theory, but if a particle reaches absolute zero at 2 of its (1-2-3), its 3 has to remain as a 'what would happen next if...' future property. Because, if for example, you are a tiny vibrating string that has reached absolute zero, the possibility that another little string might impart some of its energy to you, remains. In which case you would do your 3 ('future property') next, not something totally random. Still (1-2-3) not (1-2-?) or (1-2-0). Note that I'm using (1-2-3) for notation, in actuality the entire past and entire future would be held in their respective properties. ((0,1)-2-(3,4,5...)) Looking at time this way makes looking at time travel, and inter-dimensional travel clearer and easier to understand. Travelling back in time becomes impossible, because in order to do so, you'd have to 'step out of' space-time first, or you'd simply bash into yourself (1-2-3, 2-2-1). However; as soon as you 'step out of' space-time, you put a null in your 'past property' (1-2-3, 0-3-4) and for you, the past no longer exists. Thus attempting to travel back into the past would put a null in your 'future property' too (0-3-0), and your future property cannot contain a null value. Travelling into the future cannot 'truly' be accomplished either because, space-time is set. So anything that you do in your future, was already there to be done. Travelling between time dimensions can only be accomplished if both dimensions are linked. That is, If your 'leaving' and 'arriving' were/are both events within the two dimensions. If for example, imaginary time exists, and both imaginary time and space-time are events within each other, movement between dimensions would be possible. The time particle would share a 'present property' in both dimensions simultaneously, and thus have two potential 'future properties'. For example, a particle could reach absolute zero in space-time and have two possible 'future properties', one in space-time and one in imaginary time. Given that its space-time 'future property' cannot now be realized, if its imaginary time 'future property' could become its 'present property', if the particle meets the requirements for existence within imaginary time. If not then time would 'essentially' stop for it because it wouldn't be able to realise either of its 'future properties'. Life is a particle that contains a past, a presence, and a future. She thinks, therefore she is. Albert Einstein (D.O.B. March 14, pi day) “A coincidence is a small miracle when God chooses to remain anonymous.” Stephen Hawking (D.O.D March 14, pi day) “Imaginary Time” The day that I got the key to figure out “who, what, when, where, why, and how”, March 14, pi day. Why pi? My guess? Something to do with the infinite properties of the surface of a sphere. There are no 'gods', because to be worthy of reverence a being must first become truly just, and the truly just have absolutely no desire for reverence. Do not worship a 'god', emulate one, become truly just. Of course, none of this can be proven, but then again, if it could, it wouldn't be truly just. On that note I'll leave you with some music videos for your enjoyment.
  19. I am not well versed in human anatomy, or in medicine. However, it is my understanding that asthma is a condition that effects directly the lungs. The trachea is not involved. How would an artificial trachea help? Oops. Cross posted with John. The bronchial tubes are located in the lungs, not the trachea. But 10 out of 10 for wanting to cure a serious and growing complaint
  20. Oh, from what I understood Asthma made the bronchial tubes more susceptible to inflammation. My mistake.
  21. Would an Artificial Trachea Cure Asthma?

    "Would an Artificial Trachea Cure Asthma?" No, because the problems are in the lungs.
  22. I am working to find an end to incurable diseases, I recently tried of Asthma and thought of this. I am unaware if this would work or if it has already been attempted.
  23. So I am a bit involved in these things and one critical point is the informed part of informed consent. While you may be aware who you are selling it to, I am not sure that it is easy to predict what the ramifications are. In fact, I am kind of doubtful that anyone can, we are at a juncture where we provide unprecedented personal information (often freely) without really understand who and how it can be used (as we can see in recent events).
  24. This startup could revolutionize medical science and healthcare

    WebMD is cool and all you guys but uh... what do you think about being able to profit off your medical data, contribute to the development of medical science, participate in studies, and be under a application hub of healthcare services such as finally having a say in your insurance premiums based off how healthy you are? Consent is our number one priority. We won't sell people's data without their knowledge. They will have the options to either opt out of selling their information and select who buys it, or put it on autopilot to be sold at will. Our data will be far more credible and efficiently mined than current means. Primary care doctors will be the ones uploading the electronic medical records. Which isnt too far off from how it's currently done but where we differ is our application will request current diagnostics so the blood test you got ran 10 years ago isn't going to be what's listed. It's the blood test you got this year.
  25. It is hard to tell without having all the details, but from a researcher's point of view I see a couple of issues pertaining to consent. It seems that medical history information is extensively mined, and I am not sure how well informed the participants can be. This is especially problematic as there is potentially a very broad use of that information. That aside, I have to admit that the ability to simply request a patient cohort is kind of attractive (considering that it is the bottleneck for population studies). Overall, I am kind of curious, though I fear that there may be unforeseeable issues with that level of information sharing.
  26. A hard time writing different kinds of essays

    I smell an advert.
  27. A hard time writing different kinds of essays

    That's not really 'help'... Wouldn't it be better to learn the skill?
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