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  2. ashwath

    Strange light bulb behavior

    lightning disturb electromagnetic filed in space. when lightening stuck near your house it may be disturbed the electric properties of the light bulb...... Any electronic device can be affetced by lightening . You wil find interesting article related to science here https://www.vtuengineers.com
  3. Censure might be in order. Does congress need the senate to confirm that?
  4. Today
  5. hypervalent_iodine

    Organic Research Project

    I didn’t say that. I said it can’t be done with an alkoxide. If you do the arrow pushing on the scheme you drew you should hopefully be able to see why it would never work. I also went on to say that in order to do the reaction you need hydroxide or some other aqueous base, but you can also use acid. I think hydroxide base would work fine, however.
  6. iNow

    AI sentience

    How basic do you need me to go? What level is your current understanding of neuroscience? Perhaps you missed it. It was my very first response to your very first question.
  7. wtf

    AI sentience

    If you tell me the northern lights are emergent I don't know anything about them that I didn't know before ... until you add information. If you're going to tell me something is emergent, you have to tell me HOW it's emergent. And in this case you did. You said: "the way particles from the sun interact with our magnetic field and atmosphere." Ok! An atmospheric scientist could probably drill that down to the molecule for me; and then a physicist could drill it down to the quarks, the way Feynman explained how light interacts with matter. But with consciousness, you have told me no such thing. You do NOT have ANY theory of the mechanism by which consciousness "emerges" from .... actually you didn't tell me what it emerges from! The brain, the body, a bunch of circuits ... you have not told me. So your claim that consciousness is emergent is missing two things: 1) What does it emerge from? And 2) How. Now that's funny. You are defending the thesis that consciousness is an emergent property (of something, you haven't said what). And now you want ME to define consciousness for you. Surely you must have a definition in mind yourself, in order to make such a definitive pronouncement with such certainty that "consciousness is an emergent property." I had to use caps because it was vital for me to communicate that I am much less interested in the answers to those questions; than I am in the fact that the idea of "emergence" doesn't help me answer them. I'm attacking the concept of emergence. I honestly do not believe in it. I have read about it. I don't find the idea compelling. It gives a name to something but imparts no understanding. I hope you took to heart my example of the northern lights. You told me it was emergent. You then told me WHAT it was emergent from; and you even told me HOW that emergence takes place. You have not done those two things with consciousness.
  8. iNow

    AI sentience

    Define consciousness then (maybe without so many all caps and exclamation points)
  9. wtf

    AI sentience

    NO THAT IS NOT THE POINT!! THAT IS NOT THE POINT!! I"M NOT RAISING THE QUESTIONS TO ASK THEM. I'm pointing out simply that: 1) if I have those questions in front of me; and 2) I fully embrace and accept the statement that "Consciousness is an emergent phenomenon," THEN I have NO MORE INFORMATION NOW as to what the answers are, than I had before accepting the statement in (2). That's my point. Yes these are great thought questions. But I do not care about them right now. I am pointing out that if I assume that "Consciousness is emergent" or I DON'T assume that; it makes no difference in helping me answer those questions. The statement: "Consciousness is emergent" conveys no information. This is my point. I know I posed some good thought questions. I'd be frustrated if people started answering them! I am laser focused on the concept of emergence. My thesis is that it doesn't mean anything, in the sense that it adds no new information to discussions of consciousness. So if you have a thought or two on the questions, please throw me a bone and try to explain to me why anyone thinks "emergence" actually conveys any new information.
  10. I agree, also it is unclear whether congress actually wants an impeachment process in the first place.
  11. I think those people are fooling themselves. A possible path to impeachment? Maybe An effective path to impeachment? No way. Not even close. Impeachment is a political process (I.e. laws and facts are secondary), and the contents of this report aren’t sufficient to get a GOP led Senate on board with it. End program. Perhaps this report will drive new investigations and new findings, but IMO it doesn’t rise to that level on its own.
  12. Some interpret it more strongly, as an effective path to impeachment.
  13. iNow

    Fire in Notre Dame in Paris

    Kudos to John on the insane word play
  14. Airbrush

    Fire in Notre Dame in Paris

    Actually Trump did tweet that after I suggested it. https://www.businessinsider.com/trump-suggests-flying-water-tankers-to-put-out-notre-dame-fire-2019-4 But the planes were 4 hours away. Water dropped from planes from a high enough altitude just spreads out, atomizing into droplets that reach a gentle terminal velocity, falling like a gentle rain.
  15. Jeremiah23

    Organic Research Project

    I really appreciate your reply. Why can’t this reaction be done in basic condition? I’m still not very clear in your statement.
  16. mathematic

    Strange light bulb behavior

    Light bulb is ordinary (old fashioned) incandescent. House is private home - no one else to handle circuit breaker. Filament breaking and reconnect seems only possible, even if improbable, explanation.
  17. iNow

    AI sentience

    The underlying chemistry activating electrical impulses across a neurobiological substrate I suspect living is too ambiguous of a term to help us much here. I don’t see life as prerequisite, though. No. It very possibly could (and IMO likely does) emerge from that which we’d today describe as inanimate. I suppose it might, but rocks seem less likely since their chemistry is less fluid and any electrical currents through then tend to be external (as opposed to internally generated). I don’t know who told you that, but they never told me. Also, it seems to me that this very much hinges on what you mean by “computation,” and further on how universal these quote unquote “laws of computation” actually are. As we struggle to even define consciousness in a consistent meaningful way, it seems presumptuous and myopic to make any bold claims about whether computer or dominoes express it I’m inclined toward yes, but once again this very much depends on your definition of consciousness. Thanks, chief. I know what a global supply chain is and how they function. What I don’t know is what you mean by consciousness. The answer to your questions is contingent on that, and that alone. If you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it’s not the fish that’s best described as stupid. I can explain it to you, but I can’t understand it for you. Think of the northern lights. They’re an emergent phenomenon of the way particles from the sun interact with our magnetic field and atmosphere. Consciousness appears to follow the same structure. It’s beautiful. It’s profound. It’s also just an emergent phenomenon stemming from more basic interactions themselves more simply described.
  18. Specifically, they said it would be challenging for the government to win a case focused on motives and intent given the availability evidence, especially against a sitting president, but left open the door to further investigation... especially once Trump is no longer in office. I just finished reading it. Am sure others will have alternative interpretations.
  19. hypervalent_iodine

    Organic Research Project

    I’d say your main problem is that you can’t hydrolyse the ester with an alkoxide like that. You need a hydroxide, or you need to do it under acidic conditions.
  20. Be afraid, be very afraid! [ sorry, couldn't help myself ]
  21. beecee

    Proving the wormhole

    While at this time we have never seen or detected worm holes, they are predicted from the equations of GR.......which so far, as we all know, has a pretty good track record. The only possible way that I'm aware of where such a thing could be tested is entering a Kerr metric BH from a trajectory in line with the axis of spin, and passing through the singularity [which would be a ring singularity] exactly central. Such a trajectory would have the effects of gravity equalised on all sides and effectively cancelled out. From memory, that methodology was described and illustrated on Kip Thorne's book, "Black Holes and Time Warps'
  22. Yesterday
  23. I know we are at the dawn of black hole exploration, but if (when) we advance at it, should we not be able to see if black holes can generate an Einstein-Rosen bridge? If such a bridge is possible, should we not one day be able to see matter jumping from hole to hole? Or would we have to test it ourselves, by visiting a black hole, and taking the leap?
  24. You fail to realize that these are interpretations. In that particular paragraph he actually uses two interpretations of the mechanism for reducing the EH. One involves particles of negative energy moving forward in time and also positive particles moving backwards in time. The theory/model is mathematical ( which you seem to abhor ); the 'interpretation' is a comparison to easily understood concepts. I'm sure you are familiar with the Copenhagen and Many Worlds interpretation ( and others ) of Quantum Mechanics. Does it mean that if your cat isn't alive AND dead in a box simultaneously, the theory/model is wrong ??? Why didn't you read further in that paragraph where S Hawking states... "It should be emphasized that these pictures of the mechanism responsible for the thermal emission and area decrease are heuristic only and should not be taken too literally." It's obvious we will never convince you, but we are presenting the accepted science. You are more than welcome to post ( and support ) your conjectures in Speculations. Good luck with that.
  25. Jeremiah23

    Organic Research Project

    Hi. I am currently doing a research project on synthesizing a water-soluble rotaxane via Diels-Alders reaction. But I am facing a problem in synthesizing this molecule(please refer to attached photo) which is part of the process to synthesize a dienophile for Diels-Alder reaction. I anticipated to be able to synthesize compound 17 from compound 16 via hydrolysis of the methoxycarbonyl group, but it went unsuccessful. I think instead of the methoxycarbonyl group, the maleimide group underwent hydrolysis. Are there any ways to resolve this issue? How can I hydrolyze the methoxycarbonyl group under the presence of maleimide?
  26. Eric H

    What is faith?

    The opening post asks how has faith helped, I have simply replied. Our intervention was non religious, we did not preach, we just walked in the middle of angry drunks fighting. Why would you call that a religious intervention? We already know we could get hurt, but faith helps us to take that risk. If it were risk free; then we would not need faith. Of course they do, and I admire them greatly. We don't get paid; nurses and ambulance drivers generally do, so they have an incentive also. And I still respect and admire their dedication to the job, generally ambulance drivers will not try and break up fights, they leave it to the police. When we try and help someone, we put their needs first, we pray and ask for God's help, because so often we would feel out of our comfort zone doing the things we do.
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