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Electrophilic Vs Nucleophilic Addition


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#1 Dondo

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Posted 30 November 2016 - 10:41 PM

How do I differentiate between Electrophilic and Nucleophilic Addition? I know that the conceptual difference is the order in which the Nucleophile or Electrophile is added(please correct if wrong/poorly worded), but how can I discern which is which when looking at a reaction?

 Screen Shot 2016-11-30 at 5.33.47 PM.png

 

Thanks!!

-D


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#2 hypervalent_iodine

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Posted 1 December 2016 - 09:33 AM

It can be a little arbitrary I guess. We consider it from the point of view of the main reaction centre. In carbonyl additions, the carbonyl carbon is an electrophilic and the main reaction centre. It's only possible for a nucleophile to attack this carbon, therefore it is nucleophilic attack.

In normal alkene addition, the alkene will act as the nucleophile, but it is the main reaction centre. Thus the thing adding to it is the electrophilic, hence electrophilic addition. While this is the normal case, it can be complicated by the presence of electron withdrawing groups attached to double bonds. Aromatic systems are also different.

In summary: it depends on what the main reactant is acting as. If it is the nucleophile, it's electrophilic addition, and if it's acting as an electrophile, it's nucleophilic addition.
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#3 blueglass2

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Posted 9 December 2016 - 09:29 PM

is the liAh4 a form of sodium? like photography?


like redmercury


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#4 hypervalent_iodine

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Posted 10 December 2016 - 12:06 AM

is the liAh4 a form of sodium? like photography?
like redmercury


No. Could you perhaps make a little more sense? If you have your own questions not on topic, you might like to start your own thread.
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